miR-421 is a diagnostic and prognostic marker in patients with osteosarcoma
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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a new class of prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers for many cancers. Recent studies have shown that miRNAs are highly stable in plasma/serum. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR-421 in osteosarcoma. We found that the serum expression levels of miR-421 were significantly higher in osteosarcoma patients than those in healthy volunteers. Moreover, miR-421 expression was significantly higher in osteosarcoma tissues compared with that in the adjacent normal tissues. Meanwhile, the expression of miR-421 was upregulated in 90 % (36/40) osteosarcoma tissues compared to non-tumor tissues. More importantly, the expression levels of miR-421 in osteosarcoma tissues were correlated with those in patients’ serum. In addition, patients with high miR-421 expression had shorter overall survival (OS) than those with low expressions. We also found that overexpression of miR-421 promoted osteosarcoma cell line MG-63 proliferation, migration, and invasion. In conclusion, miR-421 expression levels were upregulated in osteosarcoma tissue and serum and it may be a useful marker for diagnosis of osteosarcoma.
KeywordsOsteosarcoma MicroRNAs miR-421 Serum miRNA Invasion
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