Tumor Biology

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 1493–1503 | Cite as

Hepatic metastatic niche: from normal to pre-metastatic and metastatic niche

  • Shirin Azizidoost
  • Ahmad Ahmadzadeh
  • Fakher Rahim
  • Mohammad Shahjahani
  • Mohammad Seghatoleslami
  • Najmaldin Saki
Review

Abstract

Liver is the organ responsible for hematopoiesis during fetal life, which is also a target organ of metastasis for several cancers. In order to recognize the hepatic metastatic changes, obtain a better grasp of cancer prevention, treatment, and inhibition mode of hepatic metastasis progression, we investigate the changes and transformation of normal hepatic niche cells to metastatic niche ones in this review. On the other hand, since metastatic diseases alter the liver function, the changes in a number of cancers that metastasize to the liver have also been reviewed. Relevant English-language literature was searched and retrieved from PubMed (1994–2014) using the following keywords: hepatic stem cell niche, hepatic metastatic niche, chemokine, and microRNAs (miRNAs). Also, over 86 published studies were investigated, and bioinformatics analysis of differentially expressed miRNAs in hepatic cancer and metastasis was performed. Metastasis is developed in several stages with specific changes and mechanisms in each stage. Recognition of these changes would lead to detection of new biomarkers and clinical targets involved in specific stages of liver metastasis. Investigation of the hepatic stem cell niche, development of metastasis in liver tissue, as well as changes in chemokines and miRNAs in metastatic hepatic niche can significantly contribute to faster detection of liver metastasis progression.

Keywords

Hepatic stem cell Hepatic metastatic niche Chemokine MiRNA 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We wish to thank all our colleagues in Shafa Hospital and Allied Health Sciences School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences.

Authors’ contributions

N.S. conceived the manuscript and revised it, Sh.A., A.A., M.Sh., and M.S. wrote the manuscript, prepared the figures and tables. F.R. performed the bioinformatic analysis.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

None

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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shirin Azizidoost
    • 1
  • Ahmad Ahmadzadeh
    • 1
  • Fakher Rahim
    • 1
  • Mohammad Shahjahani
    • 1
  • Mohammad Seghatoleslami
    • 1
  • Najmaldin Saki
    • 1
  1. 1.Health research institute, Research Center of Thalassemia &HemoglobinopathyAhvaz Jundishapur University of Medical SciencesAhvazIran

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