Tumor Biology

, Volume 37, Issue 5, pp 6813–6821 | Cite as

miR-615-5p prevents proliferation and migration through negatively regulating serine hydromethyltransferase 2 (SHMT2) in hepatocellular carcinoma

  • Xiaoyu Wu
  • Liang Deng
  • Decai Tang
  • Gang Ying
  • Xuequan Yao
  • Fukun Liu
  • Gui Liang
Original Article


It has been reported that miR-615-5p was upregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) preventing both growth and migration. However, the underlying mechanism by which miR-615-5p played a role in HCC remains unknown. Here, in our present study, to investigate the mechanism of miR-615-5p, bioinformatic prediction and luciferase reporter assay were employed to ascertain the downstream target of miR-615-5p finding that the serine hydromethyltransferase 2 (SHMT2) was the direct downstream target. Knockdown or overexpression of miR-615-5p can lead to increasing or decreasing expression of SHMT2 in HCC cells. Besides, knockdown or overexpression of SHMT2 can suppress or promote both proliferation and migration of HCC cells, indicating that miR-615-5p can directly and negatively regulate the SHMT2 in HCC cells. In addition, to understand the clinicopathological significance of SHMT2 expression in HCC, immunohistochemistry was performed. It was found that SHMT2 expression was significantly associated with poor prognosis and TNM stage. Together, our results for the first time showed that miR-615-5p prevents proliferation and migration through negatively regulating SHMT2 in HCC.


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) miR-615-5p SHMT2 Proliferation Migration 



The present work was supported by the National Science Foundation of China (NFSC no. 81373990 and 81402523).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest


Supplementary material

13277_2015_4506_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.4 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 2469 kb)


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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaoyu Wu
    • 1
  • Liang Deng
    • 2
  • Decai Tang
    • 3
  • Gang Ying
    • 3
  • Xuequan Yao
    • 3
  • Fukun Liu
    • 3
  • Gui Liang
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Surgical OncologyAffiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese MedicineNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the Eastern Hospital of the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510700, China.Sun Yat-sen UniversityGuangzhouChina
  3. 3.Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese MedicineNanjingChina
  4. 4.Department of General Surgery, Jiangsu Cancer HospitalThe Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina

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