The clinical significance of systemic inflammation score in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
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The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of systemic inflammation score (SIS) and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients who underwent esophagectomy. Records from 206 patients with histologically diagnosed ESCC who underwent esophagectomy at Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2007 to December 2008 were retrospectively reviewed. The median disease-free survival (DFS) of this cohort was 32.3 months and 5-year DFS was 34.5 %. The median overall survival (OS) was 39.5 months and 5-year OS was 40.8 %. We found that high SIS was significantly associated with increased tumor length (p = 0.021), increased depth of invasion (p = 0.001), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.038), and advanced pathological stage (p = 0.004). Kaplan–Meier survival analysis revealed that both high SIS and low PNI were significantly associated with inferior DFS (for the SIS, p = 0.005; for the PNI, p = 0.003) and OS (for the SIS, p = 0.007; for the PNI, p = 0.002). In multivariate analysis, SIS was an independent prognostic indicator for both DFS and OS. However, PNI was not an independent prognosticator in multivariate analysis. SIS was a novel and promising inflammation-based prognostic score than PNI in ESCC patients who underwent esophagectomy.
KeywordsEsophageal cancer Squamous cell carcinoma Systemic inflammation score Prognostic nutritional index Prognosis
This work was supported by Science and Technology Development Planning Project of Shandong Province (2014GSF118058).
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