EGF enhances low-invasive cancer cell invasion by promoting IMP-3 expression
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The initiation and progression of cancer is closely associated with the tumor microenvironment. The overexpression of oncogenes during tumor growth and progression by stromal stimuli can affect the aggressiveness of the cancer. In this study, in vitro and in vivo studies were performed to examine the role of stromal epidermal growth factor (EGF) in enhancing the invasive potential of in low-invasive cancer. EGF was tested in order to elucidate the specific molecules that participate in increasing the invasive potential of low-invasive cancer cells. EGF stimulation enhanced cancer invasion in an EGF receptor (EGFR)-dependent manner. EGF induced insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein-3 (IMP-3) and podoplanin (PDPN) expression, which play an important role in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell invasion. An apparent tumor mass was not observed in the mouse xenograft; however, multiple tumor microfoci were seen in mice injected with IMP-3-overexpressing cells. These results show that EGF stimulates IMP-3 expression, thereby increasing cancer invasion and tumor progression.
KeywordsEpidermal growth factor Stroma IMP-3 PDPN Invasion
Epidermal growth factor
Insulin-like growth factor-II mRNA-binding protein-3
Epidermal growth factor receptor
Oral squamous cell carcinoma
This work was supported by a grant from the National R&D Program for Cancer Control, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (1120190), and by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2012R1A1A2040564).
Conflicts of interest
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