LIM domain only 2 induces glioma invasion via cytosolic p27KIP1
High-grade gliomas are considered the most malignant of brain tumors and have a poor prognosis. In a previous study, we showed that LIM domain only 2 (LMO2) regulates glioma stem cell properties and tumor angiogenesis and gave rise to highly invasive glioma xenografts. Glioma invasion in the surrounding parenchymal tissues is a major hurdle with respect to eliminating glioma by surgery. Invasive glioma cells are considered one of the main culprits for the recurrence of tumors after therapies. In the current study, we focused on determining the molecular mechanism(s) by which LMO2 regulates glioma cell migration and invasion. Forced expression of LMO2 in human U87MG glioma cells led to glioma invasion, as determined by in vivo xenograft assays and enhanced in vitro migration and invasion. LMO2 was associated with increased levels of cytosolic p27Kip1 protein. LMO2 possibly induced the stabilization and augmented interactions between p27Kip1 and RhoA. We knocked down the expression of p27Kip1, which led to a decrease in LMO2-driven glioma cell migration and invasion. Taken together, our findings indicate that LMO2 promotes glioma cell migration and invasion by increasing the levels of cytosolic p27Kip1.
KeywordsCell invasion Cell migration Glioma LMO2 p27Kip1 RhoA
We are grateful to all members of the Cell Growth Regulation Laboratory for their helpful discussion and technical assistance. This work was supported by grants from Next-Generation Biogreen21 Program (PJ01107701) and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) and the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology of Korea (2011–0017544).
Conflicts of interest
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