Overexpression of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 is associated with prognosis of gastric carcinoma
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This study investigated the correlation between the expression of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) and the prognosis of gastric carcinoma patients. A total of 156 paired tumor and matched normal samples were collected from patients of gastric carcinoma who underwent surgical resection. The expression of PDK1 was analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry method. Potential correlation between PDK1 protein expression and the clinicopathological characteristics was determined by chi-square test and Spearman correlation analysis. The influence of PDK1 expression on 5-year survival rate and survival length was determined by Kaplan–Meier analysis. The expression of PDK1 mRNA and protein were significantly higher in tumor samples comparing to those in adjacent normal samples (paired t test, P = 0.007). Immunohistochemical staining results indicated that PDK1 protein level was positively correlated with infiltration (P = 0.006). However, no associations with age, sex, clinical stage, lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis were observed (P > 0.05). The 5-year survival rate was 20.1 and 63.4 % of the patients with high and low expression level of PDK1, respectively (P < 0.05). The median survival length was 32.5 months (95 % CI 22.8–37.6) for patients with high level of PDK1 and 63.1 months (95 % CI 52.3–64.7) for patients with low level of PDK1 (×2 = 20.153, P < 0.05). Kaplan–Meier survival curves demonstrated that elevated expression of PDK1 was an independent negative prognostic factor of gastric carcinoma (P<0.05). Our study indicated that PDK1 might serve as a candidate pro-oncogene and a potential prognostic biomarker for gastric carcinoma.
KeywordsGastric carcinoma 3-Phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) Prognosis Infiltration