CpG methylation of ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 1 (UCHL1) and P53 mutation pattern in sporadic colorectal cancer
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The ubiquitin-proteasome system plays an essential regulatory role in various cellular processes. Besides its involvement in normal cellular functions, the alteration of proteasomal activity contributes to the pathological states of several clinical disorders, including cancer. Aberrant methylation of the CpG islands has been reported as an alternative way to inactivate gene expression involved in the ubiquitination process and thus protein degradation in tumor tissues. In this study, we aimed to determine the CpG methylation pattern of the UCHL1 promoter, as well as the mutation spectrum and the expression pattern of P53 in sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) from Tunisian patients. We found that UCHL1 was methylated in 68.57 % and correlated significantly with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.029) and transcriptional silencing in tumor tissues (P = 0.013). Mutation screening of exons 5–9 of P53 showed that 42.85 % of cases harbor somatic mutation and are positively correlated with the methylated pattern of UCHL1 (P = 0.001). Furthermore, cytoplasmic accumulation of P53 was strongly associated with the unmethylated UCHL1 profile (P = 0.006), supporting the relationship between these two proteins in CRC.
KeywordsUCHL1 CpG methylation Colon cancer Transcriptional silencing P53
This work was supported by a grant from the Tunisian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. We thank the technician from the “Department of Analysis-CBS” for DNA sequencing.
Conflicts of interest
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