Synergistic action of 5Z-7-oxozeaenol and bortezomib in inducing apoptosis of Burkitt lymphoma cell line Daudi
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Treatment failure in cancer chemotherapy is largely due to the toxic effects of chemotherapeutic agents on normal cells/tissues. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib has been successfully applied to treat multiple myeloma (MM), but there are some common adverse reactions in the clinic including peripheral neuropathy (PN). The TAK1 selective inhibitor 5Z-7-oxozeaenol has been widely studied in cancer therapy. Here, we investigated the potential synergy of bortezomib and 5Z-7-oxozeaenol in Burkitt’s lymphoma (BL) cell lines. Cell viability assay showed that co-treatment of bortezomib at 8 nM, representing a one-eighth concentration for growth arrest, and 5Z-7-oxozeaenol at 2 μM, a dose that exhibited insignificant cytotoxic effects, synergistically induced apoptosis in the cell line Daudi. In parallel with the increasing dose of the bortezomib, and 5Z-7-oxozeaenol at 0.5 μM, lower colony formation efficiencies were seen in the cell line Daudi. Western blotting analysis verified that TAK1 inhibition by 5Z-7-oxozeaenol completely blocked JNK, p38, Erk, IKK, and IκB phosphorylation, which was almost instantly activated by TAK1 both directly or indirectly. Both agents synergistically prevented nuclear translocation of NF-κB, a characteristic of NF-κB inactivation. Moreover, a synergistic effect of bortezomib and 5Z-7-oxozeaenol on Western blotting analysis and flow cytometry was disclosed. Collectively, our results indicated that the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and the TAK1 inhibitor 5Z-7-oxozeaenol displayed synergy on inhibiting BL cell apoptosis by inhibiting NF-κB activity.
KeywordsNF-κB Bortezomib 5Z-7-oxozeaenol TAK1 Burkitt’s lymphoma
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81270615), and the Outstanding Discipline Leaders of Shanghai Health System Support Program (XBR2013077).
Conflicts of interest
No conflict of interest exits in the submission of this manuscript, and the manuscript is approved by all authors for publication. I would like to declare on behalf of my co-authors that the work described was original research that has not been published previously, and not under consideration for publication elsewhere, in whole or in part.
J. Z. and B. L.: manuscript writing and editing; H. W., J. O., R. W., J. L., W. C., X. L., S. Z., J. Y., and L. Z.: critical discussion for conception and design; S. L. and A. L.: conception and design, manuscript writing and editing, and final approval of manuscript.
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