Salinomycin radiosensitizes human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line CNE-2 to radiation
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Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is primarily treated by chemoradiation. However, how to promote radiation sensitivity in NPC remains a challenge. Salinomycin is potentially useful for the treatment of cancer. This study aimed to explore the radiosensitivity of salinomycin on human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line CNE-2. CNE-2 were treated with salinomycin or irradiation, alone or in combination. The cytotoxicity effects of salinomycin were measured using CCK-8 assay. Clonogenic survival assay was used to evaluate the effects of salinomycin on the radiosensitivity of CNE-2. The changes of cell cycle distribution and apoptosis were assayed using flow cytometry. The expression of Caspase3/Bax/Bal-2 was detected by Western blotting. DNA damage was detected via γ-H2AX foci counting. The results showed that salinomycin induced apoptosis and G2/M arrest, increased Bax and cleaved Caspase3, decreased Bcl-2 expression, and increased the formation of γ-H2AX nuclear foci. These data suggest that salinomycin may be a radiosensitizer for NPC radiotherapy.
KeywordsSalinomycin Nasopharyngeal carcinoma Radiosensitization