Interaction between microRNA-181a and TNFAIP1 regulates pancreatic cancer proliferation and migration
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We investigated the role of microRNA 181a (miR-181a) and its downstream target tumor necrosis factor, alpha-induced protein 1 (TNFAIP1) in pancreatic cancer regulation. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was applied to evaluate the gene expression of miR-181a in seven pancreatic cancer cell lines. MiR-181a inhibitor lentivirus (miR-181a-IN) was used to down-regulate miR-181a in Capan-1 and AsPC-1 cells. The effects of miR-181a down-regulation on pancreatic cancer were evaluated by in vitro proliferation assay and migration assay. Targeting of miR-181a on TNFAIP1 in pancreatic cancer was evaluated by dual-luciferase reporter assay and western blot. TNFAIP1 was either upregulated by pcDNA3.1 (+) expression vector or down-regulated by siRNA in Capan-1 and AsPC-1 cells. The subsequent effects of TNFAIP1 upregulation or down-regulation on miR-181a mediated pancreatic cancer regulation were also evaluated through in vitro proliferation and migration assays. The in vivo effect of miR-181a down-regulation on pancreatic tumor growth was evaluated by a xenograft assay. MiR-181a was consistently upregulated in pancreatic cancer cell lines. MiR-181a down-regulation inhibited proliferation and migration in vitro, and upregulated TNFAIP1 in pancreatic cancer cells. Ectopic TNFAIP1 overexpression had similar tumor-suppressive effects on pancreatic cancer proliferation and migration as miR-181a down-regulation, whereas siRNA-mediated TNFAIP1 down-regulation had opposite or oncogenic effects on pancreatic cancer. In vivo pancreatic xenograft showed miR-181a recapitulated the in vitro anti-tumor effects and its regulation on TNFAIP1. MiR-181a played a critical role in regulating pancreatic cancer growth and migration, likely interacting with TNFAIP1.
KeywordsPancreatic cancer miR-181a TNFAIP1 Tumor proliferation Migration
Conflicts of interest
This work was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81270531) and Doctoral Program Foundation of Institutions of Higher Education of China (No. 20120171110073).
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