Tumor Biology

, Volume 36, Issue 11, pp 8853–8860 | Cite as

Effect of expressions of tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 1B on peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer

  • Lin Guo
  • Jin-Lei Ou
  • Tong Zhang
  • Liang Ma
  • Long-Fei Qu
Research Article


Our study aimed to investigate effect of expressions of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 1B (IL-1B) on peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer (GC). From June 2012 to June 2014, a total of 60 patients with advanced peritoneal metastasis from GC were collected from Department of Gastrointestinal and Nutriology Surgery at Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University. Furthermore, 60 GC patients without peritoneal metastasis were enrolled as controls. Immunohistochemistry was performed to test TNF-α and IL-1B expression, and logistic regression analysis was employed for evaluating risk factors for peritoneal metastasis of GC. Our results showed that TNF-α expression in metastatic group and non-metastatic group was significantly different (P = 0.043), but no significant difference was found in IL-1B expression between two groups (P = 0.261). In addition, TNF-α expression in metastatic group and non-metastatic group was associated with tumor size, depth of invasion, the degree of differentiation (all P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis indicated that tumor size, depth of invasion, the degree of differentiation and TNF-α expression were risk factors for peritoneal metastasis of GC (all P < 0.05). Our study found that TNF-α expression may play a vital role in peritoneal metastasis of GC, while IL-1B expression might not be correlated with peritoneal metastasis.


Gastric cancer Peritoneal metastasis Tumor necrosis factor α Interleukin 1B Immunohistochemistry Tumor size 



We are grateful to our instructors for their valuable advice. We also thank the reviewers for their precious comments on this paper.

Conflicts of interest


Authors’ contributions

L Guo designed the study. JL Ou conceived and supervised the study. T Zhang performed the examination and the analysis. L Ma performed the statistical analysis. LF Qu interpreted the results. L Guo drafted and revised the paper. All authors read and approved the final paper.


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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lin Guo
    • 1
  • Jin-Lei Ou
    • 1
  • Tong Zhang
    • 1
  • Liang Ma
    • 1
  • Long-Fei Qu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Gastrointestinal and Nutriology SurgeryShengjing Hospital of China Medical UniversityShenyangChina

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