Lysosome-associated protein transmembrane-4β-35 is a novel independent prognostic factor in small cell lung cancer
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The lysosome-associated protein transmembrane-4β-35 (LAPTM4B-35) protein has been indicated to be involved in solid tumors, while its role in small cell lung cancer (SCLC) remains unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the LAPTM4B-35 protein expression and its clinical and prognostic role in SCLC patients. A total of 88 SCLC patients who underwent radical surgery between 2002 and 2010 were enrolled in the study. The level of messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein was detected from the fresh paired tumor specimens and adjacent normal tissues. The clinicopathological and survival data were collected. And the relationship between LAPTM4B-35 and clinicopathological features was analyzed. The prognostic value of LAPTM4B-35 for SCLC was investigated by univariate and multivariate analyses. The LAPTM4B-35 was overexpressed significantly in SCLC cancer tissues. The elevated protein expression was correlated strongly with clinical stage (p = 0.012) and tumor recurrence (p = 0.023). The 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival (DFS) were significantly worse in the patients with high LAPTM4B-35 level. Multivariate Cox analysis indicated that high LAPTM4B-35 expression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) and DFS (p = 0.017 vs p = 0.011). LAPTM4B-35 overexpression was an independent factor in SCLC prognosis, which may be considered a potential useful marker in defining the SCLC prognosis.
KeywordsSmall cell lung cancer LAPTM4B-35 Prognosis
We thank Gomes S for critical reading of the manuscript.
Conflicts of interest
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