Co-expression of β-arrestin1 and NF-кB is associated with cancer progression and poor prognosis in lung adenocarcinoma
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β-arrestin1 and NF-κB have been demonstrated to be associated with tumorigenesis, tumor progression, and metastasis. Thus far, there is nevertheless little study about these two molecules in lung adenocarcinoma. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between β-arrestin1 and NF-κB expression and the clinicopathological characteristics in lung adenocarcinoma. A total of 115 surgically resected lung adenocarcinoma patients were recruited for the study. Expression of β-arrestin1 and p65 were detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in lung adenocarcinoma tissue samples. Nuclear expression of β-arrestin1 and p65 were observed in 39.1 % (45/115) and 46.1 % (53/115) cases of lung adenocarcinoma, respectively. And high expression of β-arrestin1 had negative prognostic impact for overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) (p = 0.034 and p = 0.033). In addition, overexpression of p65 indicated a significantly poor OS and DFS than those of lower-expression (p = 0.038 and p = 0.041). Furthermore, co-expression of nuclear β-arrestin1 and p65 correlated with poorer OS and DFS in lung adenocarcinoma patients. Multivariate analysis using the Cox regression model confirmed that co-expression of nuclear β-arrestin1 and p65 was an independent prognostic factor for tumor progression (p = 0.008). In conclusion, these data indicated that co-expression of nuclear β-arrestin1 and p65 was a novel predictor for worse prognosis in patients with lung adenocarcinoma.
Keywordsβ-arrestin1 NF-κB p65 Lung adenocarcinoma Prognosis
This research was supported (in part) by the Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (ZR2013HZ001) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (81301728).
Conflict of interest
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