Tumor Biology

, Volume 36, Issue 7, pp 5497–5503 | Cite as

A novel recombinant protein of ephrinA1–PE38/GM-CSF activate dendritic cells vaccine in rats with glioma

  • Ming Li
  • Bin Wang
  • Zhonghua Wu
  • Jiadong Zhang
  • Xiwen Shi
  • Wenlan Cheng
  • Shuangyin Han
Research Article


Dendritic cells loaded with tumor-associated antigens can effectively stimulate the antitumor immune response of cytotoxic T lymphocytes in the body, which facilitates the development of novel and effective treatments for cancer. In this study, the adenovirus-mediated ephrinA1–PE38/GM-CSF was successfully constructed using the overlap extension method, and verified with sequencing analysis. HEK293 cells were infected with the adenovirus and the cellular expression of ephrinA1–PE38/GM-CSF was measured with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The recombinant adenovirus was then delivered into the tumor-bearing rats and the results showed that such treatment significantly reduced the volumes of gliomas and improved the survival of the transplanted rats. The results from immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry suggested that this immunomodulatory agent cause activation of dendritic cells. The findings that ephrinA1–PE38/GM-CSF had a high efficacy in the activation of the dendritic cells would facilitate the development of in vivo dendritic-cell vaccines for the treatment of gliomas in rats. Our new method of DC vaccine production induces not only a specific local antitumor immune response but also a systemic immunotherapeutic effect. In addition, this method completely circumvents the risk of contamination related to the in vitro culture of DCs, thus greatly improving the safety and feasibility of clinical application of the DC vaccines in glioma.


Dendritic cells EphrinA1 GM-CSF Glioma 



The authors thank Dr. Tian-fang Li (Rush University Medical Center) for critical reading and helpful discussion. This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 81372405).

Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ming Li
    • 1
  • Bin Wang
    • 1
  • Zhonghua Wu
    • 1
  • Jiadong Zhang
    • 1
  • Xiwen Shi
    • 1
  • Wenlan Cheng
    • 1
  • Shuangyin Han
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryZhengzhou University People’s HospitalZhengzhou CityChina
  2. 2.Central Research LabZhengzhou University People’s HospitalZhengzhou CityChina

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