Tumor Biology

, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp 1329–1338 | Cite as

Research progress on the multidrug resistance mechanisms of osteosarcoma chemotherapy and reversal

Review

Abstract

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common and aggressive primary malignant type of bone cancer in children and adolescents. Chemotherapy is one of the most important treatments for OS. Although cancer therapy has improved over the past few decades, survival outcomes for OS patients remain unsatisfactory. One of the primary reasons for the failure of current treatments is that patients with stage IV cancer often develop resistance to anticancer agents. This article will review multidrug resistance (MDR) mechanisms of OS and strategies for overcoming resistance.

Keywords

Osteosarcoma Multidrug resistance mechanisms Reversal 

Notes

Conflicts of interest

None

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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai First People’s HospitalNanjing Medical UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai First People’s Hospital, School of MedicineShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai 10th People’s Hospital, School of MedicineTongji UniversityShanghaiChina

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