Downregulation of microRNA-145 is associated with aggressive progression and poor prognosis in human cervical cancer
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the processes of tumor initiation and progression. However, miR-145 expression in cervical cancer has been rarely investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance and prognostic value of miR-145 expression in cervical cancer. MiR-145 expression in 114 pairs of human cervical cancer and adjacent normal tissues was detected by real-time quantitative RT-PCR assay. The results showed that miR-145 expression was significantly downregulated in cervical cancer tissues when compared with corresponding adjacent normal tissues (P < 0.001). It was also significantly lower in the cancerous tissues of patients with advanced International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage cervical cancer than those with early FIGO stage (P = 0.006). In addition, miR-145 was expressed at significantly lower levels in lymph node metastasis-positive patients than in lymph node metastasis-negative patients (P = 0.037). Moreover, poorly differentiated tumors expressed lower miR-145 than well or moderately differentiated tumors (P = 0.012). Patients with vascular invasion or human papillomavirus (HPV) infection also had lower miR-145 expression levels than those without (P = 0.016 and P = 0.025, respectively). Furthermore, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that cervical cancer patients with low miR-145 expression had shorter overall survival time than those with high miR-145 expression (P < 0.001). When analyzed with a multivariate Cox regression model, miR-145 was identified as an independent prognostic factor for overall survival. Taken together, our results suggest that downregulation of miR-145 in cervical cancer is associated with aggressive progression and poor prognosis and that miR-145 may serve as a prognostic marker.
KeywordsMicroRNA-145 Cervical cancer Overall survival Prognosis
We would like to thank Keli Sun (Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital) for technical assistance. This study was supported by grants from the Shanghai Science and Technology Committee Foundation (13ZR1432000), and the Foundatio of Shanghai Municipal Health Bureau(YQ 2012-009).
Conflicts of interest