Alisertib (MLN8237), a selective Aurora-A kinase inhibitor, induces apoptosis in human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell both in vitro and in vivo
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Aurora-A kinases are overexpressed in many cancer tissues and cells. Alisertib is an investigational, orally administered, selective, small-molecule Aurora-A kinase inhibitor with preclinical activity against a broad range of tumors. Our study was aimed to detect the effects of alisertib on human tongue squamous cell carcinoma (HTSCC). Treatment of a human tongue squamous cell carcinoma cell line, HSC-3, with alisertib to inhibition of Aurora-A kinases reduced proliferation and induced apoptosis, which was accompanied by activation of the ATM/Chk2/p53 pathway. In vivo, inhibition of Aurora-A kinases in established xenografted tumors decreased tumor size and weight. Kaplan-Meyer survival analysis demonstrated that the cumulative survival time of mice without Aurora-A kinases was significantly longer than those with Aurora-A kinases. Our data provide the basis for developing alisertib to treat human tongue squamous cell carcinoma.
KeywordsAlisertib Aurora-A Proliferation Apoptosis Survival rate
We appreciate the thoughtful advice of Yan Bai (China Medical University).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest
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