Polymorphism in signal-induced proliferation-associated 1 (SIPA1) gene may contribute to the development of metastasis in human cancers. In this preliminary study, we examined the association of the SIPA1 -313A>G (rs931127) polymorphism with overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in 351 inoperable patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with radiotherapy or radiochemotherapy (curative or palliative). The GG homozygotes had significantly shorter PFS under codominant and recessive models in all patients (hazard ratio (HR) 1.47, p = 0.035, and HR 1.47, p = 0.022, respectively) and in advanced stage subgroup (HR 1.49, p = 0.037, and HR 1.48, p = 0.023, respectively). The GG genotype was also associated with reduced OS and PFS (codominant model: HR 2.41, p = 0.020, and HR 2.34, p = 0.020, respectively; recessive model: HR 2.16, p = 0.026, and HR 2.18, p = 0.022, respectively) in radiotherapy alone subgroup. Moreover, the SIPA1 -313GG was identified as an independent adverse prognostic factor for PFS in the cohort. Our results indicate, for the first time, that the SIPA1 -313A>G may have a prognostic role in unresected NSCLC making it a potential predictor of poor survival due to earlier progression.
SIPA1 Polymorphism Survival Lung cancer Prognosis
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The authors thank Mrs. Z. Kołosza for providing the part of the epidemiological data as well as Mrs. I. Matuszczyk and Mrs. I. Domińczyk for their technical assistance. This work was supported by grant no. 2012/05/B/NZ5/01905 from Polish National Science Centre (NCN) and grant no. NN 403 290636 from Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (MNiSW).
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