RETRACTED ARTICLE: Knockdown of cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A may sensitize metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer cells to cabazitaxel chemotherapy
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Cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) is a recently identified human oncoprotein that can stabilize some proteins by inhibiting degradation mediated by protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), and its level in cancer is associated with resistance to chemotherapy. However, whether CIP2A could increase chemoresistance of prostate cancer (PCa) cells to chemotherapeutic agent cabazitaxel remains unclear. To determine whether CIP2A serves as a potential therapeutic target of human PCa, we utilized small interference RNA (siRNA) to knock down CIP2A expression in human PCa cells and analyzed their phenotypic changes. The data demonstrated that CIP2A was significantly elevated in mCRPC cell lines C4-2 and ARCaPM at both the mRNA and protein levels. CIP2A silencing led to decreased proliferation and enhanced chemosensitivity and apoptosis to cabazitaxel in human PCa cells, as well as reduced Akt phosphorylation. Our data suggesting critical roles of CIP2A in PCa cells chemoresistance to cabazitaxel and raising the possibility of CIP2A inhibition as a promising approach for chemosensitization of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC).
KeywordsProstate cancer Cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A Cabazitaxel Small interfering RNA Proliferation Chemoresistance
This study was supported by the grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81202036, 31471033)
Conflicts of interest