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Tumor Biology

, Volume 35, Issue 11, pp 10911–10918 | Cite as

Significant association among the Fas -670 A/G (rs1800682) polymorphism and esophageal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and prostate cancer susceptibility: a meta-analysis

  • Tao Liu
  • Li Zuo
  • Lin Li
  • Lei Yin
  • Kai Liang
  • Hongyuan Yu
  • Hui Ren
  • Wen Zhou
  • Hongwei Jing
  • Yang Liu
  • Chuize Kong
Research Article

Abstract

The Fas gene plays a key role in regulation of apoptotic cell death, and corruption of this signaling pathway has been shown to participate in immune escape and tumorgenesis. Single-nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter of Fas gene at position -670 A/G may affect its expression and play an important role in the pathology of many kinds of cancer. The association between Fas -670 A/G polymorphism and cancer risk is still controversial and ambiguous. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis of the currently literature to clarify this relationship. We conducted a search in the PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, and WanFang databases, covering all papers published by May 5, 2014. Overall, 59 case–control studies with 17,035 cases and 23,155 controls were retrieved based on the search criteria for cancer susceptibility related to -670 A/G polymorphism in Fas gene. Odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) revealed association strengths. Although no significant relationship was detected between Fas -670 A/G polymorphism and whole cancer risk, in the ethnicity subgroup, significant associations were found in three types of cancer: prostate cancer (OR = 1.06, 95 % CI = 1.01–1.11 for A-allele vs. G-allele); hepatocellular carcinoma (OR = 0.89, 95 % CI = 0.80–0.99 for AG vs. GG); esophageal cancer (OR = 0.95, 95 % CI = 0.92–0.99 for AA + AG vs. GG). Moreover, lower cancer risk was found in smokers carried A-allele, when compared to smokers carried the GG genotype. The Fas -670 A/G polymorphism may be associated with esophageal cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and prostate cancer susceptibility from our meta-analysis. Studies with larger samples and gene–environment interactions are warranted to understand the role of Fas -670 A/G polymorphism for cancer risk.

Keywords

Fas -670 A/G Esophageal cancer Hepatocellular carcinoma Prostate cancer Smoking Meta-analysis Polymorphism 

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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tao Liu
    • 1
  • Li Zuo
    • 2
  • Lin Li
    • 3
  • Lei Yin
    • 1
  • Kai Liang
    • 4
  • Hongyuan Yu
    • 1
  • Hui Ren
    • 5
  • Wen Zhou
    • 1
  • Hongwei Jing
    • 1
  • Yang Liu
    • 1
  • Chuize Kong
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of UrologyThe First Hospital of China Medical UniversityShenyangPeoples Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of UrologyChangzhou Second Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityChangzhouPeoples Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of RehabilitationGuangdong General HospitalGuangzhouPeoples Republic of China
  4. 4.Department of UrologyHarbinPeoples Republic of China
  5. 5.Department of AnorectalShenYang Anorectal HospitalShenyangPeoples Republic of China

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