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Tumor Biology

, Volume 35, Issue 7, pp 6627–6632 | Cite as

Significant association between interleukin-17A polymorphism and colorectal cancer

  • Inés Omrane
  • Raja Marrakchi
  • Olfa Baroudi
  • Amel Mezlini
  • Hager Ayari
  • Imen Medimegh
  • Nejla Stambouli
  • Nadia Kourda
  • Hassen Bouzaienne
  • Nancy Uhrhammer
  • Karim Bougatef
  • Yves-Jean Jean Bignon
  • Amel Benammar-Elgaaied
Research Article

Abstract

Interleukin (IL) 17A is an inflammatory cytokine expressed by Th 17 cells and plays a role in tissue inflammation by inducing release of proinflammatory and neutrophil-mobilizing cytokines. We have investigated the association between colorectal cancer and polymorphisms of IL17A (rs2275913. G197A). The study was performed in 241 subjects (102 with colorectal cancer and 139 healthy controls). Genotypes were determined by fluorescent-based restriction fragment length polymorphism method. The association between the molecular features at the gene in relation to tumor and patient clinical characteristics was analyzed. There was a significant difference between the genotype frequencies of IL17A G197A of control subjects (GG 68.34 % and GA + AA 31.65 %) and patients with colorectal cancer (GG 47.05 % and GA + AA 52.94 %) (p = 0.001with odds ratio (OR) 2.45 (1.43–4.11)). IL17A G197A polymorphism is particularly associated with colon cancer. Indeed, the IL17A GG genotype could be considered as a protective factor against colon cancer (p = 0.00001) with OR 3.77 (2.04–6.99). We have noted a significant association of IL17A G197A polymorphism not only with tumor localization (p = 0.003) but also with tumor differentiation (p = 0.0005) in CRC patients. We have also showed a significant association of G197A variant with an increased risk of advanced stage (p = 0.005). Our result suggests that the A allele of IL17A gene is involved in susceptibility to colorectal cancer and is associated with clinical features as tumor location, tumor differentiation, and TNM stage. IL17A polymorphism may serve as biomarker of disease location and progression.

Keyword

IL17A Polymorphism Biomarker Colorectal cancer Tumor localization Tumor differentiation 

Abbreviations

CRC

Colorectal cancer

IBD

Inflammatory bowel disease

UC

Ulcerative colitis

Th1/17 cells

T helper 1/17 cells

IL17A/B/C/D/E/F

Interleukin A/B/C/D/E/F

IL1β/6/8/10

Interleukin IL1β/6/8/10

SNP

Single nucleotide polymorphism

NF-κB

Nuclear factor κB

TNFα

Tumor necrosis factor α

TNM stage

Tumor node metastasis stage

ETBF

Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis

CIHM

CpG island hyper-methylation

PR

Progesterone receptor

VEFG

Vascular endothelial growth factor

p53

Tumor suppressor protein53

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank all the members of ‘Laboratoire Diagnostic Génétique et Moléculaire, Centre Jean Perrin, Clermont Ferrand, France for their technical assistance.

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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inés Omrane
    • 1
  • Raja Marrakchi
    • 1
  • Olfa Baroudi
    • 1
  • Amel Mezlini
    • 2
  • Hager Ayari
    • 1
  • Imen Medimegh
    • 1
  • Nejla Stambouli
    • 1
  • Nadia Kourda
    • 3
  • Hassen Bouzaienne
    • 1
  • Nancy Uhrhammer
    • 4
  • Karim Bougatef
    • 1
  • Yves-Jean Jean Bignon
    • 4
  • Amel Benammar-Elgaaied
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Human Genetics Immunology and Pathology, Faculty of Sciences TunisUniversity of Tunis El ManarTunisTunisia
  2. 2.Gastroenterology ServiceSalah Azaiez Hospital of TunisTunisTunisia
  3. 3.Laboratory of Anatomy and PathologyCharles Nicolle Hospital of TunisTunisTunisia
  4. 4.Laboratory of Diagnosis and Molecular GeneticsCentre Jean PerrinClermont-FerrandFrance

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