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Tumor Biology

, Volume 35, Issue 5, pp 4257–4265 | Cite as

Strong expression of cyclin B2 mRNA correlates with a poor prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer

  • Shinogu Takashima
  • Hajime Saito
  • Naoko Takahashi
  • Kazuhiro Imai
  • Satoshi Kudo
  • Maiko Atari
  • Yoshitaro Saito
  • Satoru Motoyama
  • Yoshihiro Minamiya
Research Article

Abstract

Cyclin family proteins act in association with cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) at cell cycle checkpoints to regulate the eukaryotic cell cycle. CyclinB2 contributes to G2/M transition by activating CDK1 kinase, and cyclin B2 inhibition induces cell cycle arrest. CyclinB2 is overexpressed in various human tumors, though the relationship between cyclin B2 expression and the clinicopathological characteristics of lung cancer and patient prognosis is not well understood. In the present study, therefore, we investigated the relationship between cyclin B2 mRNA expression and the prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We used semiquantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction to assess the expression of cyclin B2 mRNA in tumor samples from 79 patients with NSCLC. We then correlated the cyclin B2 mRNA levels with clinicopathological factors. We also used immunohistochemical staining to determine the localization of expressed cyclin B2. The 5-year overall survival rates among patients with adenocarcinoma of lung expressing lower levels of cyclin B2 mRNA were significantly better than the corresponding rates among patients expressing higher levels (p = 0.004). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analyses revealed that gender ((hazard ratio (HR), 9.81; p = 0.044)), n2 (HR, 146.26; p ≤ 0.001), and cyclin B2 mRNA high (HR, 7.21; p = 0.021) were independent factors affecting the 5-year overall survival rates. However, there was no significance in the 5-year overall survival rates among the patients with squamous cell carcinoma between expressing lower and higher level of cyclin B2 mRNA. Stronger expression of cyclin B2 mRNA in tumor cells is an independent predictor of a poor prognosis in patients with adenocarcinoma of lung.

Keywords

CyclinB2 Non-small cell lung cancer Biomarker RT-PCR 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank Ms. Mitsuko Sato and Ms. Jun Kodama for their secretarial support.

Conflicts of interest

None

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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shinogu Takashima
    • 1
  • Hajime Saito
    • 1
    • 2
  • Naoko Takahashi
    • 1
  • Kazuhiro Imai
    • 1
  • Satoshi Kudo
    • 1
  • Maiko Atari
    • 1
  • Yoshitaro Saito
    • 1
  • Satoru Motoyama
    • 1
  • Yoshihiro Minamiya
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryAkita University School of MedicineAkitaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Division of Thoracic SurgeryAkita University School of MedicineAkitaJapan

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