Tumor Biology

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 3087–3094 | Cite as

RETRACTED ARTICLE: Steroid receptor co-activator-3 promotes osteosarcoma progression through up-regulation of FoxM1

  • Shuo Geng
  • Xiaoyu Wang
  • Xiaoyan Xu
  • Hepeng Zhang
  • Yan Ma
  • Yunqi Zhang
  • Baoxin Li
  • Zhenggang Bi
  • Chenglin Yang
Research Article


Increasing evidence suggests that the three homologous members of steroid receptor co-activator (SRC) family (SRC-1, SRC-2, and SRC-3) play key roles in enhancing cell proliferation in various human cancers, such as breast, prostate, and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the function of SRC-3 in osteosarcoma remains largely unexplored. In the current study, we found that SRC-3, but not SRC-1 and SRC-2, was dramatically up-regulated in human osteosarcoma tissues, compared with adjacent normal tissues. To explore the functions of SRC-3 in osteosarcoma, in vitro studies were performed in MG63 and U2OS cells. SRC-3 overexpression promoted osteosarcoma cell proliferation, whereas knockdown of SRC-3 inhibits its proliferation. In support of these findings, we further demonstrated that SRC-3 up-regulated FoxM1 expression through co-activation of C/EBPγ. Together our results show that SRC-3 drives osteosarcoma progression and imply it as a therapeutic target to abrogate osteosarcoma.


Osteosarcoma Transcription SRC-3 FoxM1 C/EBPγ 



This work was partially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (81271984), Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (20122307120036), Natural Science Foundation for Returnees of Heilongjiang Province of China (LC2012C11), Research Fund for Returnees of Education Department of Heilongjiang Province of China (1253HQ003), Research Fund of the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University(2013LX01).

Conflicts of interest


Supplementary material

13277_2013_1406_Fig7_ESM.jpg (1 kb)
Supplementary Figure 1

Representative protein levels of SRC-3 were analyzed by western blot in normal tissues (N) or osteosarcoma tissues (OS). (JPEG 0 kb)

13277_2013_1406_MOESM1_ESM.tif (275 kb)
High resolution image (TIFF 275 kb)


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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuo Geng
    • 1
  • Xiaoyu Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaoyan Xu
    • 1
  • Hepeng Zhang
    • 1
  • Yan Ma
    • 1
  • Yunqi Zhang
    • 1
  • Baoxin Li
    • 2
  • Zhenggang Bi
    • 1
  • Chenglin Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryThe First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical UniversityNangang, HarbinChina
  2. 2.Department of PharmacologyHarbin Medical UniversityHarbinChina

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