MiR-148a regulates the growth and apoptosis in pancreatic cancer by targeting CCKBR and Bcl-2
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Our previous studies have revealed that miR-148a is downregulated in pancreatic cancer. Bioinformatics analysis has shown cholecystokinin-B receptor (CCKBR) and B cell lymphoma (Bcl-2) to be potential targets of miR-148a. But the pathophysiologic role of miR-148a and its relevance to the growth and development of pancreatic cancer are yet to be investigated. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the molecular mechanisms where miR-148a acts as a tumor suppressor in pancreatic cancer. Our results showed significant downregulation of miR-148a in 28 pancreatic cancer tissue samples and five pancreatic cancer cell lines, compared with their non-tumor counterparts by qRT-PCR. MiR-148a was found to not only inhibit the proliferation of pancreatic cancer cells (PANC-1 and AsPC-1) in vitro by MTT assay and colony formation assay, but also to promote cells apoptosis in vitro by Annexin V-FITC apoptosis detection and caspase activity assay. Using western blot and luciferase activity assay, CCKBR and Bcl-2 were identified as targets of miR-148a. Moreover, we also found that the expression of Bcl-2 lacking in 3′UTR could abrogate the pro-apoptosis function of miR-148a. These findings suggest the importance of miR-148a’s targeting of CCKBR and Bcl-2 in the regulation of pancreatic cancer growth and apoptosis.
KeywordsmiR-148a Pancreatic cancer Cholecystokinin-B receptor Bcl-2
Conflicts of interest