Single-nucleotide polymorphisms of GPX1 and MnSOD and susceptibility to bladder cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis
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Reactive oxygen species-related damage plays a critical role in carcinogenesis. Glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1) and mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) are two key antioxidant enzymes in the defense system against reactive oxygen species. This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the association of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in GPX1 and MnSOD genes with susceptibility to bladder cancer risk. Online databases of PubMed, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and SinoMed were searched to identify eligible studies. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CIs) were calculated to estimated the association strength. The fixed effects model and random effects model were used to pool the data from different studies. By pooling all eligible studies, we found that the GPX1 Pro198Leu polymorphism was associated with a significantly increased risk of bladder cancer (Leu vs. Pro, OR = 2.111, 95 % CI = 1.020–4.368, heterogeneity (p < 0.001); LeuPro/LeuLeu vs. ProPro, OR = 1.876, 95 % CI = 1.011–3.480, heterogeneity (p < 0.001)). No significant association of MnSOD Ala-9Val polymorphism with cancer risk was observed (AlaVal/ValVal vs. AlaAla, OR = 0.966, 95 % CI = 0.754–1.239, heterogeneity (p = 0.390); Vla vs. Ala, OR = 1.038, 95 % CI = 0.782–1.377, heterogeneity (p = 0.015)). This systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrated that the GPX1 Pro198Leu polymorphism significantly increased susceptibility to bladder cancer, while the MnSOD Ala-9Val polymorphism was not associated with bladder cancer risk.
KeywordsGPX1 MnSOD Polymorphism Susceptibility Bladder cancer
Conflicts of interest
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