Regulation of BMI1 Polycomb gene expression in histological grades of invasive ductal breast carcinomas and its correlation with hormone receptor status
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BMI1 is the first functional mammalian Polycomb group (PcG) proto-oncogene involved in multiple biological processes. Regulation of B cell-specific Moloney murine leukaemia virus integration site 1 (BMI1) expression with increase in histological grades of breast carcinoma in correlation with hormone receptor status was studied in 60 Indian breast cancer patient's formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue blocks. Relative expression of BMI1 was studied using real-time PCR. Immunohistochemistry explained the distribution of hormone receptor markers. Correlation of BMI1 gene expression with oestrogen receptor, progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2/neu status was analysed using Hex—protein docking tool. The hormone receptor expression was reduced with increasing grades of breast tumour. BMI1 gene expression was downregulated (real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis). Docking analysis explained the correlation between BMI1 and PR expression. BMI1 gene was co-regulated (down) with PR in the invasive ductal breast carcinoma with relative progression explicating it a diagnostic biomarker for ductal carcinoma of the breast.
KeywordsImmunohistochemistry Hormone receptor interaction BMI1 RT-PCR profiling BMI1–PR Hex protein docking
We express our gratitude to Dr. A. Sundaram, Director (Retd.), Institute of Pathology, MMC, Chennai, India, for issuing tissue blocks for the study. We thank the Management of International Institute of Biotechnology And Toxicology, Padappai (601 301, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India) for their continuous funding and support throughout the study period.
Conflicts of interest
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