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MicroRNAs in osteosarcoma: diagnostic and therapeutic aspects

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small RNA molecules, which can interfere with the expression of several genes and act as gene regulator. miRNAs have been proved as a successful diagnostic and therapeutic tool in several cancers. In this review, the differential expression of miRNAs in osteosarcoma and their possibility to be used as diagnostic and therapeutic tools have been discussed. Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone tumor that mainly affects children and adolescents. The current treatment of osteosarcoma remains difficult, and osteosarcoma causes many deaths because of its complex pathogenesis and resistance to conventional treatments. Several studies demonstrated that the differential expression patterns of miRNAs are a promising tool for the diagnosis and treatment of osteosarcoma. Although some aspect of the mechanism of action of miRNAs in controlling osteosarcoma has been identified (e.g., targeting the Notch signaling pathway), it is far beyond to the clear understanding of miRNA targets in osteosarcoma. Identification of the specific target of miRNAs may aid molecular targets for drug development and future relief of osteosarcoma.

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Acknowledgments

This study was funded by the project of Changsha City Bureau of artificial bone research for the development of drug with new composite materials (grant no. K1101025-31).

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Correspondence to Chaoyue Zhang.

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Miao, J., Wu, S., Peng, Z. et al. MicroRNAs in osteosarcoma: diagnostic and therapeutic aspects. Tumor Biol. 34, 2093–2098 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13277-013-0940-7

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Keywords

  • MicroRNAs
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Diagnostic tool
  • Therapeutic approach
  • PI3K/Akt signaling pathway
  • Notch signaling pathway