Tumor Biology

, Volume 34, Issue 6, pp 3309–3316 | Cite as

The VDR gene FokI polymorphism and ovarian cancer risk

  • Hui Xu
  • Su Li
  • Jian-Qing Qiu
  • Xiao-Lin Gao
  • Ping Zhang
  • Yong-Xia Yang
Research Article


The polymorphism of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene is demonstrated to affect the activity of its encoding protein and the subsequent downstream effects mediated by vitamin D. Mutations in VDR gene FokI have been suggested in the development of various cancers. Whether the polymorphism of the VDR gene FokI confers risk to ovarian cancer still remains controversial across the published studies in different ethnicity. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the role of VDR gene FokI variant in the susceptibility to ovarian cancer. Six publications with 14 individual case–control studies involving a total of 10,964 subjects were finally included into our study after a comprehensive literature search of the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Wanfang databases. The strength of the association between the VDR gene FokI polymorphism and ovarian cancer risk was estimated under the allelic (T vs. C), homozygous (TT vs. CC), additive (CT vs. CC), recessive (TT vs. CC + CT), and dominant (CT + TT vs. CC) gene models. The overall odds ratios (ORs) for the contrast models of T vs. C, TT vs. CC, CT vs. CC, and CT + TT vs. CC indicated that the VDR gene FokI variant was related to an increased risk of ovarian cancer (ORT vs. C = 1.09, 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.03–1.15, P OR = 0.004; ORTT vs. CC = 1.17, 95 % CI 1.04–1.32, P OR = 0.011; ORCT vs. CC = 1.10, 95 % CI 1.01–1.20, P OR = 0.027; ORCT + TT vs. CC = 1.12, 95 % CI 1.03–1.21, P OR = 0.007). The stratified analysis among the Caucasians also identified a significant association between the VDR gene FokI polymorphism and the susceptibility to ovarian cancer. The present meta-analysis with large available published data has revealed that the VDR gene FokI polymorphism confers susceptibility to ovarian cancer, particularly among the Caucasian population.


Ovarian cancer Vitamin D receptor FokPolymorphism Meta-analysis 


Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui Xu
    • 1
  • Su Li
    • 1
  • Jian-Qing Qiu
    • 1
  • Xiao-Lin Gao
    • 1
  • Ping Zhang
    • 1
  • Yong-Xia Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyThe Second Hospital of Shandong UniversityJinanChina

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