Adenovirus arming human IL-24 inhibits neuroblastoma cell proliferation in vitro and xenograft tumor growth in vivo
Data have increasingly shown that interlukin-24 (IL-24) has growth suppression activity and can induce apoptosis in a broad spectrum of tumor cells. However, the therapeutic effect of IL-24 on human neuroblastoma has rarely been explored. In this study, we used a human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y) to reveal the effect of adenovirus-mediated IL-24 (Ad-IL24) gene therapy for neuroblastoma. We showed that Ad-IL24 effectively inhibited the proliferation of SH-SY5Y cells in vitro by conspicuously inducing apoptosis. To further explore the molecular mechanism by which Ad-IL24 induced apoptosis in SH-SY5Y tumor cells, we found that Ad-IL24 increased the expression of Bax and promoted the activation of caspase-3, while decreasing Bcl-2 levels. We also demonstrated that Ad-IL24 significantly inhibited tumor growth in vivo in a xenograft neuroblastoma tumor in athymic nude mice. In summary, Ad-IL24 overexpression exerted potent antitumor activity via inducing apoptosis in neuroblastoma cells. Therefore, IL-24 has the potential to serve as an agent for gene therapy in the treatment of neuroblastoma.
KeywordsNeuroblastoma IL-24 Gene therapy Apoptosis
We are very grateful to Profession Junnian Zheng for providing us with the plasmid carrying the IL-24 cDNA (Laboratory of Biological Cancer Therapy, Xuzhou Medical College).
Conflicts of interest
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