Induction of apoptosis by Trichostatin A in human breast cancer cell lines: involvement of 15-Lox-1
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15-Lipoxygenase-1 (15-Lox-1) is a key enzyme mediating oxidative metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids and has attracted considerable interest as a potential target for the induction of apoptosis in cancer cells. Knowledge of relationship between 15-Lox-1 and histone deacetylase inhibitors is lacking in the breast cancer. This study is aimed to investigate the role of Trichostatin A (TSA) and 13(S)-HODE, as a metabolite of 15-Lox-1, in the regulation of breast cancer cell growth. The cytotoxic effect of TSA, as a potent HDAC inhibitor, was measured using MTT assay. Annexin V–FITC and PI staining were performed to detect apoptosis and cell cycle distribution using Flow cytometry. The role of 15-Lox-1 in the regulation of cell growth was assessed by 15-Lox-1 inhibitor and the level of 15-Lox-1 metabolite was measured to determine 15-Lox activity after treatment by TSA. The results demonstrated that TSA induced cell growth inhibition via 15-Lox-1, in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and subsequently accompanied by the cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis. Moreover, growth inhibitory effect of TSA was associated with the elevation of 15-Lox-1 metabolite (13(S)-HODE). This study provided evidences that the inhibitory effect of TSA on the breast cancer cell growth occurs via the induction of 15-Lox-1 activity and 13(S)-HODE production. Our findings underline the possible role of 15-Lox-1/13(S)-HODE pathway as a promising molecular approach for the induction of apoptosis in breast cancer cells.
Keywords15-Lipoxygenase-1 13(S)-HODE Trichostatin A Apoptosis Cell cycle arrest
- HDAC inhibitor
Histone deacetylase inhibitor
Polyunsaturated fatty acid
Part of this work was supported by a PhD grant (to Masoumeh Tavakoli-Yaraki) from Tarbiat Modares University.
Conflicts of interest
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.
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