Negative regulation of cell motile and invasive activities by lysophosphatidic acid receptor-3 in colon cancer HCT116 cells
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Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) mediates a wide range of biological responses with G protein-coupled transmembrane receptors (LPA receptors). So far, at least six types of LPA receptors (LPA receptor-1 (LPA1) to LPA6) have been identified. Recently, it has been reported that LPA3 indicates opposite effects on cellular functions of cancer cells. In the present study, to assess a biological role of LPA3 on cell migration ability of colon cancer cells, we generated LPA receptor-3 (LPAR3) knockdown (HCT-sh3-3) cells from HCT116 and measured cell motile and invasion activities. In motility assay with a cell culture insert, HCT-sh3-3 cells showed significantly high cell motile activity, compared with control cells. For invasion assay, the filter was coated with Matrigel. The invasive activity of HCT-sh3-3 cells was significantly higher than that of control cells. Furthermore, we also examined the effects of LPAR3 knockdown on the interaction between colon cancer cells and endothelial F-2 cells. When F-2 cells were cultured with serum-free DMEM containing a supernatant from HCT-sh3-3 cells, the cell growth rate and migration activity of F-2 cells were significantly stimulated, associating with the elevated expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A and VEGF-C genes in HCT-sh3-3 cells. These results suggest that LPA3 may act as a negative regulator on cell motile and invasive abilities of colon cancer HCT116 cells.
KeywordsLPA LPA receptor-3 Cell migration Cell invasion Colon cancer
This study was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid (24590493) for Scientific Research (C) from Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan, grants from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan, and grants (RK-027) from the Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kinki University.
Conflicts of interest
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