Tumor Biology

, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 1013–1021 | Cite as

Plasma membrane proteomic analysis of human osteosarcoma and osteoblastic cells: revealing NDRG1 as a marker for osteosarcoma

  • Yingqi Hua
  • Xiaofang Jia
  • Mengxiong Sun
  • Longpo Zheng
  • Lin Yin
  • Lijun Zhang
  • Zhengdong Cai
Research Article


Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents. To identify new biomarkers for early diagnosis of OS and novel therapeutic candidates, we carried out a plasma membrane proteomic study based on two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE). The OS cell line MG-63 and the human osteoblastic cell line hFOB1.19 were adopted as the comparison model. We extracted plasma membrane by aqueous two-phase partition extraction. The proteins were separated through 2DE. We analyzed the differentially expressed proteins by Imagemaster software and then identified them by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry, and the location and function of differential proteins were searched through the Gene Ontology database. In total, 220 protein spots were separated by 2DE. Seven proteins with more than 2.0-folds of difference were successfully identified from 13 gel spots, with 6 up-regulated and 1 down-regulated. Gene Ontology analysis of the differentially expressed proteins indicated that these proteins were involved in seven kinds of functions including binding, structural, cell motility, receptor activity, electron carrier activity, NADH dehydrogenase (ubiquinone) activity, and transcription repressor activity. The up-regulation of NDRG1 was verified in osteosarcoma through Western blotting and by immunohistochemistry in paraffin-embedded tissues. The plasma membrane proteins identified in this study may provide new insights into osteosarcoma cancer biology and potential diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers.


Osteosarcoma Plasma membrane Proteomics NDRG1 2DE 





Two-dimensional electrophoresis


Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry


Tandem MS


High capacity trap


Hematoxylin and eosin



We thank the grants from the National 973 Project of China (2011CB910700), Shanghai Natural Science Foundation (09ZR1426300), and Shanghai Hospital Clinical Research Platform for Clinical Research Source (No. SHDC12007203). We thank Kirill Gorshkov for carefully editing the whole manuscript.

Conflicts of interest


Supplementary material

13277_2011_203_Fig6_ESM.jpg (16 kb)
Figure S1

The SDS-PAGE gels of 50 ug MG and Normal PM proteins to make sure equal protein load for western blotting analysis. (JPEG 15 kb)

13277_2011_203_MOESM1_ESM.tif (888 kb)
High resolution image (TIFF 887 kb)
13277_2011_203_MOESM2_ESM.xls (24 kb)
Table S1 Table S1 Lists of non-redundant peptides identified in each protein spot. (XLS 24 kb)
13277_2011_203_MOESM3_ESM.xls (113 kb)
Table S2 Information of proteins involved in protein-protein interaction network. (XLS 113 kb)


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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Musculoskeletal Oncology Center, Shanghai 10th People’s HospitalTongji University School of MedicineShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center affiliated to Fudan UniversityShanghaiChina

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