Cloning and expression pattern of a hemolin homologue from the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella
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Hemolin has been known to play a key role in insect innate immunity. In an attempt to examine expression pattern of the Hemolin gene in the diamondback moth, Plutellea xylostella, the full-length cDNA of Hemolin was cloned using 5′-RACE PCR technique. The cDNA contained a 5′ untranslated region of 48 nucleotides and a 3′ untranslated region of 198 nucleotides, including a stop codon (TAA) and a poly (A) tail. It consists of 1,401 bp with an open reading frame of 1,245 bp, encoding 414 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence of PxHemolin has relatively low identities (35−42%) to various insect Hemolins. However, it has high three-dimensional structural similarity to Hemolin. Interestingly, analysis of spatial expression pattern of PxHemolin shows that it was highly expressed in the Malpighian tubule and the silk gland although it was also detected in fat body and gut. Furthermore, PxHemolin mRNA was highly induced 3 hr after immune-challenging with lipopolysaccharide and was gradually up-regulated after laminarin treatment. These data suggest that PxHemolin may play a role in innate immune responses although it remains to further elucidate the precise biological functions in P. xylostella.
KeywordsPlutella xylostella Hemolin Gene cloning Laminarin LPS Expression
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