Genes & Genomics

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 129–135 | Cite as

Independent chromosomal localization of two different size 5S rDNA of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum by sequential fluorescence in situ hybridization in accordance with sequence polymorphism

  • Jun Hyung Seo
  • Bong Bo SeoEmail author
Research Article


5S rRNA gene repeat units in a species are usually organized as either one relatively close size with numbers of intraspecific variations in NTS region or two different sizes with completely different sequence in NTS. Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum revealed two different size products of approximately 0.39 kb and 0.51 kb with highly conserved coding region of 120 bp. However, an extra sequences of approximately 120 bp between at 324 and 443 bp in long NTS region revealed, besides the remaining sequences of two NTS regions of short and long size were highly conserved giving the identity of 94.9%. To identify whether two different size 5S rDNA are occupied by a mixed state as random repeat or an independent group by each size in a particular locus, two rounds of FISH was sequentially performed using two probes of independent different size 5S rDNA and additional probe of only extra sequences of 120 bp in long NTS. Due to the highly conserved coding regions of both 5S rDNA, two different size 5S rDNA were detected in 3 loci in short arm of chromosome 6, however, extra sequences of long NTS was shown only in one locus within detected 5S rDNA from all examined chromosomes and interphase cells. This independent localization of two different size 5S rDNA suggests that 5S rDNA may be organized as a tandem repeat with random positions in a molecular level, but of cytogenetic view in chromosomes and interphase cells, they are organized as an independent group in a significant loci consisting of own size by the patterns of nucleotide variations.


5S rRNA gene Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum Sequential fluorescence in situ hybridization Informative factor Independent localization 


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Copyright information

© The Genetics Society of Korea and Springer Netherlands 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, College of Natural SciencesKyungpook National UniversityDaeguKorea

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