A survey of modulated radiotherapy use in Australia & New Zealand in 2015

  • Jeffrey BarberEmail author
  • Philip Vial
  • Paul White
  • Nick Menzies
  • Shrikant Deshpande
  • Regina Bromley
  • Nick Bennie
  • Shan Yau
  • Kristie Harrison
Scientific Paper


A survey of radiation oncology medical physics departments across Australia and New Zealand was conducted to assess the usage, commissioning and quality assurance of modulated radiotherapy techniques such as IMRT and VMAT. Survey responses were collected in April–May 2015 to snapshot current practice and historical implementation. The survey asked 142 questions, and is the most detailed survey of its kind published to date. Analysis of results at overall department level, as well as sub-analysis for different equipment and techniques in use, was performed. Results show a high prevalence of IMRT and VMAT in use, and demonstrate the large heterogeneity in clinical practice and experience across the region.


IMRT VMAT Modulated therapy 



Many thanks to the members of the NSW/ACT branch committee of the ACPSEM for their help in the development of the survey over several years. The survey data was used to plan an IMRT workshop in Wollongong 2015, and the authors appreciated the valuable discussions from workshop participants.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplementary material

13246_2017_590_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (585 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 585 KB)


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Copyright information

© Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sydney West Radiation Oncology NetworkSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.School of Physics, Institute of Medical PhysicsUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Liverpool & Macarthur Cancer Therapy Centres and Ingham InstituteLiverpoolAustralia
  4. 4.Nelune Cancer CentrePrince of Wales HospitalSydneyAustralia
  5. 5.Riverina Cancer Care CentreWagga WaggaAustralia
  6. 6.Northern Sydney Cancer CentreRoyal North Shore HospitalSt LeonardsAustralia
  7. 7.North Coast Cancer CentreLismore Base HospitalLismoreAustralia
  8. 8.Genesis Cancer Care NSWNewcastleAustralia

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