Practical time considerations for optically stimulated luminescent dosimetry (OSLD) in total body irradiation

Abstract

Total body irradiation (TBI) treatments are used to treat the whole body in preparation for hematopoietic stem cell (or bone marrow) transplantation. Our standard clinical regimen is a 12 Gy in 6 fraction, bi-daily technique using 6 MV X-rays at an extended Source-to-Surface distance (SSD) of 300 cm. Utilizing these characteristics, the beam dose rate is reduced below 7 cGy/min as is standard for TBI treatment. Dose received by the patient is monitored using optically stimulated luminescent dosimetry (OSLD). This work presents some practical calibration corrections based on time-dependant factors for OSLD calibration related to TBI procedure. Results have shown that a negligible difference is seen in OSL sensitivity for 6 MV X-rays irradiated in standard SSD (100 cm) and high dose rate (600 cGy/min) conditions compared to extended SSD (300 cm) and low TBI dose rate (6 cGy/min) conditions. Results have also shown that whilst short term signal fading occurs in the OSL after irradiation at a high dose rate (37% reduction in signal in the first 15 min), thereafter, negligible differences are seen in the OSL signal between 600 and 7 cGy/min irradiations. Thus a direct comparison can be made between calibration OSLs and clinical TBI OSLs between 15 min and 2 h. Finally a table is presented to provide corrections between calibration OSL readout and clinical TBI dose readout for a period up to 7 days. Combining these three results allows users to pre-irradiate their calibration OSLs at standard dose rate and SSD, up to 1 week prior to clinical treatment, and still provide accurate in-vivo dosimetry. This can help with time saving and work efficiency in the clinic.

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Correspondence to Martin Butson.

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Butson, M., Haque, M., Smith, L. et al. Practical time considerations for optically stimulated luminescent dosimetry (OSLD) in total body irradiation. Australas Phys Eng Sci Med 40, 167–171 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13246-016-0504-4

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Keywords

  • Dosimetry
  • Radiation
  • Total body irradiation
  • OSL