Macromolecular Research

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 562–568 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of hybrid polycaprolactone/cellulose ultrafine fibers via electrospinning

  • Shamshad Ali
  • Zeeshan Khatri
  • Kyung Wha Oh
  • Ick-Soo KimEmail author
  • Seong Hun KimEmail author


A series of poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL)/cellulose acetate (CA) ultrafine fiber webs were prepared via electrospinning followed by deacetylation in an aqueous alkaline solution to convert CA into cellulose (CEL). The wetting properties of PCL/CA and PCL/CEL blends were evaluated to investigate wicking behavior. The results showed that the conversion of PCL/CA into PCL/CEL leads to an improved wettability. Attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) study revealed that CA was completely converted into CEL after deacetylation, and PCL/CEL blends exhibited characteristics peaks of both constituent fibers. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis demonstrated that the PCL/CA ultrafine fibers were partially miscible in PCL/CA ultrafine fibers. The fiber morphology under field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) showed that the electrospun ultrafine fibers were bead free. The crystallinity of PCL-CEL, (1:4) blend was greatly decreased in comparison to the treated PCL as revealed by wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) measurements. The potential applications of PCL/CEL webs include liquid biofilters, biosensor and biomedical materials.


poly(ɛ-caprolactone) cellulose acetate cellulose electrospinning wettability ultrafine fibers 


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Copyright information

© The Polymer Society of Korea and Springer Sciene+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Organic and Nano EngineeringHanyang UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Textile EngineeringMehran University of Engineering and TechnologyJamshoroPakistan
  3. 3.Nano Fusion Technology Research Group, Faculty of Textile Science and TechnologyShinshu UniversityNaganoJapan
  4. 4.Department of Fashion DesignChung-Ang UniversityGyeonggiKorea

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