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An online resource for marine fungi

Abstract

Index Fungorum, Species Fungorum and MycoBank are the key fungal nomenclature and taxonomic databases that can be sourced to find taxonomic details concerning fungi, while DNA sequence data can be sourced from the NCBI, EBI and UNITE databases. Nomenclature and ecological data on freshwater fungi can be accessed on http://fungi.life.illinois.edu/, while http://www.marinespecies.org/provides a comprehensive list of names of marine organisms, including information on their synonymy. Previous websites however have little information on marine fungi and their ecology, beside articles that deal with marine fungi, especially those published in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries may not be accessible to those working in third world countries. To address this problem, a new website www.marinefungi.org was set up and is introduced in this paper. This website provides a search facility to genera of marine fungi, full species descriptions, key to species and illustrations, an up to date classification of all recorded marine fungi which includes all fungal groups (Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota, Chytridiomycota, Mucoromycota and fungus-like organisms e.g. Thraustochytriales), and listing recent publications. Currently, 1257 species are listed in the marine fungi website (www.marinefungi.org), in 539 genera, 74 orders, 168 families, 20 classes and five phyla, with new taxa continuing to be described. The website has curators with specialist mycological expertise who help to provide update data on the classification of marine fungi. This article also reviews knowledge of marine fungi covering a wide range of topics: their higher classification, ecology and world distribution, role in energy transfer in the oceans, origin and new chemical structures. An updated classification of marine fungi is also included. We would like to invite all mycologists to contribute to this innovative website.

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Acknowledgements

Gareth Jones is supported under the Distinguished Scientist Fellowship Program (DSFP), King Saud University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Ka-Lai Pang thanks the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, for financial support (105-2621-B-019 -002-). Kevin D. Hyde, Monika C. Dayarathne, Vinit Kumar and Chada Norphanphoun would like to thank the Thailand Research Fund grant entitled “Biodiversity, Phylogeny and role of fungal endobiotes on above parts of Rhizophora apiculata and Nypa fruticans” (grant no RSA5980068) and Mae Fah Luang University for the grant ‘‘Diseases of mangrove trees and maintenance of good forestry practice’’ (grant number: 60201000201) for support. Monika Dayarathne would like to acknowledge Dr. Wasana de Silva for her help in preparation of maps.

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Correspondence to Mohamed A. Abdel-Wahab.

Appendix

Appendix

List of marine fungi logged in the marine fungi website

Taxa with the prefix * are asexual morphs whose sexual stage is unknown; # indicates molecular data available for these fungi.

Taxa in underline text are new taxa in press.

Phylum: BASIDIOMYCOTA

Subphylum: Ustilaginomycotina

Class: Ustilaginomycetes R. Bauer, Oberw. & Vnky, Can. J. Bot. 75: 1311 (1997)

Subclass: Ustilaginomycetidae Jlich, Bibliotheca Mycologica 85: 54 (1981)

1. UROCYSTIDALES R. Bauer & Oberw., Can. J. Bot. 75 (8): 1311 (1997)

Urocystidaceae Begerow, R. Bauer & Oberw., Can. J. Bot. 75(12): 2052 (1998)

Flamingomyces R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Piątek, Vánky & Oberw., Mycol. Res. 111(10): 1202 (2007)

1. #F. ruppiae (Feldmann) R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Pitek, Vnky & Oberw., Mycol. Res. 111(10): 1203 (2007)

2. USTILAGINALES G. Winter, Rab Kryptog-Flora, Pilze - Schizomyceten, Saccharomyceten und Basidiomyceten 1(1): 73 (1880)

Ustilaginaceae Tul. & C. Tul., Annls Sci. Nat., Bot., sr. 3 7: 14 (1847)

Parvulago R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Piątek, Vnky & Oberw., Mycol. Res. 111(10): 1203 (2007)

1. #P. marina (Durieu) R. Bauer, M. Lutz, Piątek, Vnky & Oberw., Mycol. Res. 111(10): 1203 (2007)


Class: Exobasidiomycetes Begerow, M. Stoll, R. Bauer, Mycologia 98(6): 908 (2006)

Subclass: Exobasidiomycetidae Jlich, Bibliotheca Mycologica 85: 55 (1981)


1. EXOBASIDIALES Henn. (1900) Graphiolaceae Clem. & Shear, The genera of Fungi: 156 (1931)

Family incertae sedis

Graphiola Poit., Ann Sci Nat (Paris) 3: 473 (1824)

1. G. cylindrica Kobayasi, Nagaoa 1: 36 (1952)


Exobasidiomycetidae incertae sedis

Tilletiopsis Derx, Bull Jardin Bot Buitenzorg 17: 471 (1948)

1. #T. albescens Gokhale, Nova Hedwigia 23: 801 (1972)

Subphylum: Pucciniomycotina

Class: Tritirachiomycetesincertae sedis

1. TRITIRACHIALES Aime & Schell, Mycologia 103 (6): 1339 (2011)

Tritirachiaceae Locq., Mycol Gén Struct (Paris): 208 (1984)

Tritirachium Limber, Mycologia 32: 26 (1940)

1. T. candoliense Cathrine Sumathi Manohar, Teun Boekhout & Thorsten Stoeck, Fung Biol 118(2): 143 (2014) (marine sediments, Manohar et al. 2014)

Subphylum: Agaricomycotina

Class: Agaricomycetes Doweld, Prosyllabus Tracheophytorum, Tentamen systematis plantarum vascularium (Tracheophyta): LXXVII (2001)

Subclass: Agaricomycetidae Parmasto, Windahlia 16: 16 (1986)

1. AGARICALES Underw., Moulds, mildews and mushrooms: 97 (1899)

Niaceae Jülich, Bibliotheca Mycologica 85: 381 (1981)

Calathella D.A. Reid, Persoonia 3: 122 (1964)

1. #C. mangrovei E.B.G. Jones & Agerer, Bot. Mar. 35: 259 (1992)

Halocyphina Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 9: 100 (1965)

1. #H. villosa Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 9: 100 (1965)

Nia R.T. Moore & Meyers, Mycologia 51(6): 874 (1961)

1. N. epidermoidea M.A. Rosell & Descals, Mycol. Res. 97(1): 68 (1993)

2. N. globospora Barata & Basilio, Mycol. Res. 101(6): 687 (1997)

3. #N. vibrissa R.T. Moore & Meyers, Mycologia 51(6): 874 (1961)


2. CANTHARELLALES Gum., Vergl. Morph. Biol. Pilze (Leipzig): 495 (1926)

Botryobasidiaceae (Parmasto) Jlich, Biblthca Mycol. 85: 357 (1981)

*Allescheriella Henn., Hedwigia 36: 244 (1897)

1. A. bathygena Kohlm., Revue Mycol., Paris 41(2): 199 (1977)

Physalacriaceae Corner, Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia 33: 10 (1970)

Physalacria Peck, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 9: 2 (1882)

1. #P. maipoensis Inderb. & Desjardin, Mycologia 91(4): 666 (1999)

Mycaureola Maire & Chemin, C R Sanc. Acad. Sci., Paris 175: 321 (1922)

1. #M. dilseae Maire & Chemin., C R Sanc. Acad. Sci., Paris 175: 321 (1922)

Schizophyllaceae Qul, Fl. Mycol. France: 365 (1888)

Henningsomyces Kuntze, Revis. gen. pl. (Leipzig) 3(2): 483 (1898)

1. H. candidus cf (Pers.) Kuntze, Revis. gen. pl. (Leipzig) 3(2): 483 (1898)

Schizophyllum Fr., [as ‘Schizophyllus’], Observ. Mycol. 1: 103 (1815)

1. #S. commune Fr., Syst. Mycol. 1: 330 (1821)


3. POLYPORALES Gum., Vergl Morphol Pilze: 503 (1926)

Meruliaceae Rea, British Basidiomycertae: A handbook to the larger British fungi: 620 (1922)

Hyphoderma Wallr., Fl. Crypt. Germ. 2: 576 (1833)

1. H. sambuci (Pers.) Jlich, Persoonia 8(1): 80 (1974)

Polyporaceae Corda, Icon Fung hucusques cognitoru 3: 49 (1839)

Grammothele Berk. & M.A. Curtis, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 10: 327 (1869)

1. G. fuligo (Berk. & Broome) Ryvarden, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 73: 15 (1979)

Cerrena Gray, A natural arrangement of British plants 1: 649 (1821)

1. C. unicolor (Bull.) Murrill, J Mycol. 9(2): 91 (1903)


4. HYMENCHAETALES Oberw., Beitrge zur Biologie der niederen Pflanzen: 89 (1977)

Hymenochaetaceae Donk, Bull. bot. Gdns Buitenz. 17(4): 474 (1948)

Fulvifomes Murrill, North Polyp (5): 49 (1914)

1. #F. halophilus T. Hatt., Sakay. & E.B.G. Jones, Mycoscience 55: 347 (2014)

2. #F. siamensis T. Hatt., Sakay. & E.B.G. Jones, Mycoscience 55: 346 (2014)

3. #F. xylocarpicola T. Hatt., Sakay. & E.B.G. Jones (2014), Mycoscience 55: 345 (2014)

Agaricomycetes incertae sedis

1. RUSSULALES Kreisel ex P.M. Kirk, P.F. Cannon & J.C. David, Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi, Edn 9 (Wallingford): xi (2001)


Digitatispora clade

Digitatispora Doguet, C. r. hebd. Sanc. Acad. Sci., Paris 254(25): 4338 (1962)

1. D. lignicola E.B.G. Jones, Mycotaxon 27: 155 (1986)

2. #D. marina Doguet, C. r. hebd. Sanc. Acad. Sci., Paris 254(25): 4338 (1962)

Peniophoraceae Lotsy, Vortr. Bot. Stammesgesch. 1: 687, 689 (1907)

Haloaleurodiscus N. Maek., Suhara & K. Kinjo, Mycol. Res. 109(7): 826 (2005)

1. #H. mangrovei N. Maek., Suhara & K. Kinjo, Mycol. Res. 109(7): 827 (2005)


Phylum: ASCOMYCOTA

Subphylum: Pezizomycotina

Class: Dothideomycetes E. Erikss. & Winka, Myconet 1: 5 (1997)

Subclass: Dothideomycetidae P.M. Kirk, P.F. Cannon, J.C. David & Stalpers ex C.L. Schoch, Spatafora, Crous & Shoemaker, Mycologia 98 (6): 1045 (2007)

1. CAPNODIALES Woron., Annales Mycologici 23: 177 (1925)

Cladosporiaceae Chalm. & R.G. Archibald, The Yearbook of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1: 25 (1915)

*Cladosporium Link, MagGesell Naturf Freunde Berlin 7: 37 (1816)

1. #C. cladosporioides (Fresen.) G.A. de Vries, Contrib. Knowledge of the Genus Cladosporium Link ex Fries: 57 (1952)

2. C. herbarum (Pers.) Link, in Willdenow, Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin 8: 37 (1816)

3. C. macrocarpum Preuss, Deutschlands Flora, Abt. III. Die Pilze Deutschlands 6-25/26: 27, t. 14 (1848)

4. #C. oxysporum Berk. & M.A. Curtis, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 10: 362 (1869)

5. C. pseudocladosporioides Bensch, Crous & U. Braun, Studies in Mycology 67: 71 (2010)

6. C. psoraleae M.B. Ellis, Mycol Pap 131: 16 (1972)

7. #C. sphaerospermum Penz., Michelia 2(8): 473 (1882)

8. #C. tenuissimum Cooke, Grevillea 6(40): 140 (1878)

9. #C. uredinicola Speg., Anal. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. B. Aires 23: 122 (1912)

Mycosphaerellaceae Lindau, in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. Teil. 1 (Leipzig) 1: 421 (1897)

*Davidiella Crous & U. Braun, Mycol. Progr. 2 (1): 8 (2003)

1. #D. tassiana (De Not.) Crous & U. Braun, in Braun, Crous, Dugan & de Hoog, Mycol. Progr. 2(1): 8 (2003)

Mycosphaerella Johanson, fvers. K. Svensk. Vetensk.-Akad. Frhandl. 41: 163 (1884)

1. M. punctiformis (Pers.) Starbäck, Bihang till Kungliga svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 15 (2): 9 (1889)

2. M. salicorniae (Rabenh.) Lindau, Hilfsb Sammeln Ascomyc. 2: 103 (1903)

3. M. staticicola (Pat.) Dias, Mem. Soc. Brot.: 21 (1970)

4. M. suaedae-australis Hansf., Proc Linn Soc New South Wales 79(3–4): 122 (1954)

5. M. tassiana (De Not.) Johanson, Öfvers. K. Vetensk. Akad. Förh. 41 (9): 167 (1884)

Pseudocercosporella Deighton, Mycological Papers 133: 38 (1973)

1. P. fraxini (Ellis & Kellerm.) U. Braun, Nova Hedwigia 58 (1–2): 212 (1994)

*Ramichloridium Stahel ex de Hoog, Stud. Mycol. 15: 59 (1977)

1. #R. apiculatum (J.H. Mill., Giddens & A.A. Foster) de Hoog, Stud. Mycol. 15: 69 (1977)

Septoria Sacc., Sylloge Fungorum 3: 474 (1884)

1. S. arundinacea Sacc., Michelia 1 (2): 195 (1878) Capnodiales, Mycosphaerellaceae,

2. S. ascophylli Melnik & J.E. Petrov, Novosti Sistematiki Nizshikh Rastenii 3: 211 (1966)

Sphaerulina Sacc., Michelia 1(4): 399 (1878)

1. S. albispiculata Tubaki, Publs. Setomar. Biol. Lab. 15(5): 366 (1967)

2. S. orae-maris Linder, Farlowia 1(3): 413 (1944)

Pharcidia Krb., Parerga Lichenol. 5: 469 (1865)

1. P. balani (G. Winter) Bausch, Publ. Stn. Zool. Napoli 15: 379 ((1936)

2. P. laminariicola Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 16: 209 (1973)

3. P. rhachiana Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 16: 210 (1973)

*Rhabdospora (Durieu & Mont. ex Sacc.) Sacc., Syll. Fung. 3: 578 (1884)

1. R. avicenniae Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Mycologia 63(4): 851 (1971) 269 (2006)

Capnodiales incertae sedis

Stigmidium Trevis., Conspect. Verruc.: 17 (1860)

1. S. ascophylli (Cotton) Aptroot, CBS Diversity Ser. (Utrecht) 5: 41 (2006)

2. S. apophlaeae (Kohlm.) Aptroot, CBS Diversity Ser. (Utrecht) 5: 36 (2006)

Teratosphaeriaceae Crous & U. Braun, Studies in Mycology 58: 8 (2007)

Acrodontium de Hoog, Studies in Mycology 1: 23 (1972)

1. A. hydnicola (Peck) de Hoog, Studies in Mycology 1: 31 (1972)

2. A. salmoneum de Hoog, Studies in Mycology 1: 29 (1972)


2. DOTHIDEALES Lindau, Natrl Pflanzenfam.: 373 (1897)

Dothideaceae Chevall., Fl. gn. env. Paris 1: 446 (1826)

Scirrhia Nitschke ex Fuckel, Jb Nassau Ver Naturk 23-24: 220 (1870)

1. S. annulata Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Can. J. Bot. 74(11): 1835 (1996)

Dothioraceae Theiss. & P. Syd., Annales Mycologici 15 (6): 444 (1918)

Aureobasidium Viala & G. Boyer, Revue Gn Bot 3: 371 (1891)

1. A. pullulans (de Bary & Lwenthal) G. Arnaud, Annals d’cole Nat d’Agric. de Montpellier, Sr 2 16(1–4): 39 (1918) [1917]


3. BOTRYOSPHAERIALES C.L. Schoch, Crous & Shoemaker, Mycologia 98(6): 1050 (2007)

Botryosphaeriaceae Theiss. & Syd., Annls Mycol 16:16 (1918)

Amarenomyces O.E. Erikss., Opera Bot. 60: 124 (1981)

1. A. ammophilae (Lasch) O.E. Erikss., Opera Bot. 60: 124 (1981)

*Diplodia Fr., in Montagne, Annls. Sci. Nat. Bot. 1: 302 (1834)

1. D. orae-maris Linder, Farlowia 1(3): 403 (1944)

2. D. thalassia N.J. Artemczuk, Mikol. Fitopatol.: 95 (1980)

*Lasiodiplodia Ellis & Everh., Bot. Gazette Crawfordsville 21: 92 (1896)

1. #L. theobromae (Pat.) Griffon & Maubl., Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 25: 57 (1909)

Phyllostictaceae Fr. [as ‘Phyllostictei’], Summa veg. Scand. (Stockholm) 2: 420 (1849)

*Phyllosticta Pers., Trait sur les Champignons Comestibles: 147 (1818)

1. Ph. spartinae Brunaud, J. Hist. Nat. Bordeaux sud-ouest: 4 (1888)


4. MICROTHYRIALES G. Arnaud, Annal. Sci. Nat. Paris: 847 (1925)

Microthyriaceae Sacc., Syll. Fung. 2: 658 (1883)

Ellisiodothis Theiss., Annls. Mycol. 12(1): 73 (1914)

1. E. inquinans (Ellis & Everh.) Theiss., Annls Mycol 12(1): 73 (1914)

Subclass: Pleosporomycetidae C.L. Schoch, Spatafora, Crous & Shoemaker, Mycologia 98 (6): 1048 (2007)

1. PLEOSPORALES Luttr. ex M.E. Barr, Prodromus to class Loculoascomycetes: 67 (1987)

Ascocylindricaceae Abdel-Wahab, Bahkali, E.B.G. Jones, Ariyawansa & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. 75: 19 (2015)

Ascocylindrica Abdel-Wahab, Bahkali & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 75: 45 (2015)

1. #A. marina Abdel-Wahab, Bahkali & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 75: 20 (2015)

Aigialaceae Suetrong, Sakay., E.B.G. Jones Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & C.L. Scoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 166 (2009)

Aigialus Kohlm. & Schatz, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 85: 699 (1985)

1. #A. grandis Kohlm. & S. Schatz, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 85(4): 699 (1986)

2. #A. mangrovis Borse, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 88: 424 (1987)

3. #A. parvus S. Schatz & Kohlm., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 85(4): 704 (1986)

4. #A. rhizophorae Borse, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 88: 425 (1987)

5. A. striatispora K.D. Hyde, Mycol. Res. 96: 1044 (1992)

Ascocratera Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 64: 3036 (1986)

1. #A. manglicola Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 64: 3036 (1986)

Rimora Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm., Suetrong, Sakay., E.B.G. Jones, Stud. Mycol. 64: 166 (2009)

1. #R. mangrovei (Kohlm. & Vittal) Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm., Suetrong, Sakay. & E.B.G. Jones, Stud. Mycol. 64: 166 (2009)

Amniculicolaceae Y. Zhang ter, C.L. Schoch, J. Fourn., Crous & K.D. Hyde, Stud. Mycol. 64: 95 (2009)

Neomassariosphaeria Y. Zhang, J. Fourn. & K.D. Hyde, Stud. Mycol. 64: 96 (2009)

1. #N. typhicola (P. Karst.) Y. Zhang, J. Fourn. & K.D. Hyde, Stud. Mycol. 64: 96 (2009)

Astrosphaeriellaceae Phook. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 74: 161 (2015)

Astrosphaeriella Syd. & P. Syd., Annls. Mycol. 11: 260 (1913)

1. A. asiana (K.D. Hyde) Aptroot & K.D. Hyde, Nova Hedwigia 70(1–2): 145 (2000)

2. A. mangrovei (Kohlm. & Vittal) Aptroot & K.D. Hyde, Nova Hedwigia 70(1–2): 154 (2000)

3. A. nypae K.D. Hyde, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 110(2): 96 (1992)

*Pithomyces Berk. & Broome, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 14: 100 (1873)

1. #P. atro-olivaceus (Cooke & Harkn.) M.B. Ellis, Mycol. Pap. 76: 8 (1960)

Biatriosporaceae K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. 63: 50 (2013)

Biatriospora K.D. Hyde & Borse, Mycotaxon 26: 263 (1986)

1. #B. marina K.D. Hyde & Borse, Mycotaxon 26: 264 (1986)

Caryosporaceae Huang Zhang, K.D. Hyde & Ariyaw., Fungal Diversity 75: 54 (2015)

Caryospora De Not., Micromyc. Ital. Novi: 7 (1855)

1. C. australiensis Abdel-Wahab & E.B.G. Jones, Mycoscience 41(4): 379 (2000)

Coniothyriaceae W.B. Cooke, Revta Biol. Lisb. 12: 289 (1983)

*Coniothyrium Corda, Icon. Fung. hucusque cognitorum 4: 38 (1840)

1. C. cerealis E. Mll., in Zogg, Phytopath. Z. 18: 11 (1951)

2. C. obiones Jaap, Schr. Naturw. Ver. Schles.-Holst. 14(1): 29 (1907)

Cucurbitariaceae G. Winter, Rabenhorst’s Kryptogamen-Flora, Pilze - Ascomyceten 1(2): 308 (1885)

Neocucurbitaria Wanas., E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Mycosphere 8 (4): 408 (2017)

1. #N. aquatica Valenz.-Lopez, Crous, Stchigel, Guarro & J.F. Cano, Studies in Mycology 90: 45 (2017)

Cyclothyriellaceae Jaklitsch & Voglmayr, Studies in Mycology 85: 39 (2016)

Massariosphaeria (E. Mll.) Crivelli, ber die heterogene Ascomyceten gattung Pleospora Rabh.: 141 (1983)

1. M. erucacea Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Can. J. Bot. 74(11): 1835 (1996)

2. M. phaeospora (E. Müll.) Crivelli, Über die heterogene Ascomycetengattung Pleospora Rabh.: 141 (1983)

3. M. scirpina (G. Winter) Leuchtm., Sydowia 37: 174 (1984)

Quintaria Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 34: 34 (1991)

1. #Q. lignatilis (Kohlm.) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 34: 35 (1991)

Dictyosporiaceae Boonmee & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 80: 462 (2016)

Dictyosporium Corda, Beiträge zur gesammten Natur- und Heilwissenschaften: 87 (1836)

1. #D. oblongum (Fuckel) S. Hughes, Canadian Journal of Botany 36 (6): 762 (1958)

2. D. pelagicum (Linder) G.C. Hughes ex T.W. Johnson & F.K. Sparrow, 1961. Fungi in Oceans and Estuaries, Cramer, p. 391.

Jalapriya D’souza, H.Y. Su, Z. Luo & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 80: 476 (2016)

1. #J. inflata (Matsush.) D’souza, H.Y. Su, Z. Luo & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 80: 478 (2016)

2. #J. toruloides (Corda) D’souza, H.Y. Su, Z. Luo & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 80: 478 (2016)

Didymosphaeriaceae Munk, Dansk Bot. Ark. 15(2): 128 (1953)

Deniquelata Ariyawansa & K.D. Hyde, Phytotaxa 105 (1): 15 (2013)

1.#D. vittalii Devadatha, V.V Sarma, E.B.G Jones, Mycosphere 9 (3): 570 (2018)

https://doi.org/10.5943/mycosphere/9/3/8

Didymocrea Kowalski, Mycologia 57(3): 405 (1965)

1. #D. sadasivanii (T.K.R. Reddy) Kowalski, Mycologia 57(3): 405 (1965

Didymosphaeria Fuckel, Jahrb. Nassau. Ver. Naturkd. 35: 140 (1870)

1. D. lignomaris Strongman & J.D. Mill., Proc. Nova Scotian Inst. Sci. 35(3–4): 102 (1986)

Paraconiothyrium Verkley, Studies in Mycology 50 (2): 327 (2004)

1. P. fuckelii (Sacc.) Verkley & Gruyter, Studies in Mycology 75: 25 (2012)

Pseudopithomyces Ariyaw. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 75: 64 (2015)

1. #P. maydicus (Sacc.) J.F. Li, Ariyaw. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 75: 69 (2015)

Tremateia Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 38(2): 165 (1995)

1. #T. halophila Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 38(2): 166 (1995)

Didymellaceae Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley, Mycol. Res. 113(4): 516 (2009)

Ascochyta Lib., Pl Crypt: 8 (1830)

1. A. salicorniae Magnus, in Jaap, Schr. Naturw. Ver. Schles.-Holst. 12: 30 (1902)

Boeremia Aveskamp, Gruyter & Verkley, Stud Mycol 65: 36 (2010)

1. B. exigua (Desm.) Aveskamp, Gruyter & Verkley, Stud Mycol 65: 37 (2010)

Didymella Sacc., Michelia 2 (6): 57 (1880)

1. D. avicenniae S.D. Patil & Borse, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 26(3): 271 (1985)

2. D. fucicola (G.K. Sutherl.) Kohlm., Phytopath. Z. 63: 342 (1968)

3. D. gloiopeltidis (Miyabe & Tokida) Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Marine Mycology, the Higher Fungi (London): 382 (1979)

4. D. magnei Feldmann, Rev. Gn. Bot. 65: 414 (1958)

Leptosphaerulina McAlpine, Fungus diseases of stone-fruit trees in Australia: 103 (1902)

1. L. mangrovei Inderb. & E.B.G. Jones, in Inderbitzin, Jones & Vrijmoed, Mycoscience 41(3): 233 (2000)

Halojulellaceae Ariyawansam, E.B.G. Jones, Suetrong, Alias, Kang & K.D. Hyde, Phytotaxa 130: 18 (2013)

Halojulella Suetrong, K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Phytotaxa 130: 18 (2013)

1. #H. avicenniae (Borse) Suetrong, K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Phytotaxa 130: 19 (2013)

Julella Fabre, Annales des Sciences Naturelles Botanique 9: 113 (1879)

1. J. herbatilis Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 40: 296 (1997)

Halotthiaceae Y. Zhang, J. Fourn. & K.D. Hyde, Mycologia 105(3): 604 (2013)

Halotthia Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 6: 9 (1963)

1. #H. posidoniae (Durieu & Mont.) Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 6: 9 (1963)

Mauritiana Poonyth, K.D. Hyde, Aptroot & Peerally, Fungal Divers. 4: 102 (2000)

1. #M. rhizophorae Poonyth, K.D. Hyde, Aptroot & Peerally, Fungal Divers. 4: 102 (2000)

Pontoporeia Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 6: 5 (1963)

1. #P. biturbinata (Durieu & Mont.) Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 6: 5 (1963)

2. #P. mangrovei Devadatha, V.V Sarma, CREAM 8(2): 239 (2018).

Leptosphaeriaceae M.E. Barr, Mycotaxon 29: 503 (1987)

Leptosphaeria Ces. & De Not., Comment Soc Crittogam Ital 1(4): 234 (1863)

1. L. australiensis (Cribb & J.W. Cribb) G.C. Hughes, Syesis 2: 132 (1969)

2. L. avicenniae Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 9(1–4): 98 (1965)

3. L. maculans (Tul.) Ces. & De Not., Comm. Soc. Crittog. Ital. 1(4): 235 (1863)

4. L. marina Ellis & Everh., J. Mycol. 1(3): 43 (1885)

5. L. nypicola K.D. Hyde & Alias, Mycol. Res. 103(11): 1414 (1999)

6. L. pelagica E.B.G. Jones, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 45(1): 105 (1962)

7. L. peruviana Speg., Anal. Soc. Cient. Argent. 12(4): 179 (no. 168) (1881)

*Neosetophoma Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley, Mycologia 102(5): 1075 (2010)

1. #N. samararum (Desm.) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley [as ‘samarorum’], in de Gruyter et al., Mycologia 102(5): 1075 (2010)

Lentitheciaceae Yin. Zhang, C.L. Schoch, J. Fourn., Crous & K.D. Hyde, in Zhang et al. Stud. Mycol. 64: 93 (2009)

Halobyssothecium Dayarathne, E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Mycol Prog 17:1161–1171 (2018)

1. #H. obiones (M.E. Barr) Dayarathne, E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Mycol Prog 17: 1166 (2018)

*Lentithecium K.D. Hyde, J. Fourn. & Yin. Zhang, Fungal Divers 38: 234 (2009)

1. #L. rarum (Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss.) Suetrong, Sakay., E.B.G. Jones, Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Stud. Mycol. 64: 145-154 (2010)

2. #L. voraginesporum Abdel-Wahab, Bahkali & EBG Jones, Fungal Diversity 80: 53–55 (2016)

Poaceascoma Phook. & K.D. Hyde, Cryptogamie, Mycologie 36 (2): 231 (2015)

1. #P. halophila Dayar. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 87: 46 (2017)

Towyspora Wanasinghe, E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. 78(2): 32 (2016)

1. #T. aestuari Wanasinghe, E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. 78: 35 (2016)

Lindgomycetaceae K. Hirayama, Kaz. Tanaka & Shearer, Mycologia 102(3): 733 (2010)

Arundellina Wanasinghe, E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. 81: 59–61 (2016)

1. # A. typhae Wanasinghe, E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 81: 59–61 (2016)

Lophiostomataceae Sacc., Syll. Fung. 2: 672 (1883)

Decaisnella Fabre, Annls. Sci. Nat. Bot. 9: 112 (1879)

1. D. formosa Abdel-Wahab & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 81(6): 598 (2003)

*Floricola Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 43(4): 385 (2000)

1. #F. striata Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 43(4): 385 (2000

(Alternative classification: Teichospora Fuckel, Jahrbcher des Nassauischen Vereins fr Naturkunde 23-24: 160 (1870); #T. striata (Kohlmeyer & Volkmann-Kohlmeyer) Jaklitsch & Voglmayr, Mycol. Prog. 15 (3/31): 14 (2016))

Herpotrichia Fuckel, Fungi Rhenani Suppl. Exsic. No. 2171 (1868)

1. H. nypicola K.D. Hyde & Alias, Mycol. Res. 103(11): 1412 (1999)

Lophiostoma Ces. & De Not., Comment Soc. Crittogam Ital. 1(4): 219 (1863)

1. L. acrostichi (K.D. Hyde) Aptroot & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. Res. Ser. 7: 106 (2002)

2. #L. corticola (Fuckel) E.C.Y. Liew, Aptroot & K.D. Hyde [as ‘corticolum’], Mycologia 94(5): 812 (2002)

3. L. rhizophorae (Poonyth, K.D. Hyde, Aptroot & Peerally) Aptroot & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. Res. Ser. 7: 108 (2002)

Pseudoplatystomum Thambug. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 74: 237 (2015)

1. #P. scabridisporum (Abdel-Wahab & E.B.G. Jones) Thambug. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 74: 238 (2015)

Vaginatispora K.D. Hyde, Nova Hedwigia 61 (1–2): 234 (1995)

1. #V. armatispora (K.D. Hyde, Vrijmoed, Chinnaraj & E.B.G. Jones) Wanasinghe, E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Index Fungorum 324: 1 (2017)

Massarinaceae Munk, Friesia 5: 305 (1956)

Massarina Sacc., Syll. Fung. 2: 153 (1883)

1. M. beaurivagea Poonyth, K.D. Hyde, Aptroot & Peerally, Fungal Divers. 3: 139 (1999)

2. M. cystophorae (Cribb & J.W. Herb.) Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Marine Mycology, the Higher Fungi (London): 427 (1979)

3. M. lacertensis Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 42(1): 92 (1991)

4. M. mauritiana Poonyth, K.D. Hyde, Aptroot & Peerally, Fungal Divers. 3: 141 (1999)

5. M. phragmiticola Poon & K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 41(2): 145 (1998

6. M. ricifera Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Mycologia 87(4): 537 (1995)

Neocamarosporiaceae, Wanas., Wijayaw., Crous & K.D. Hyde, Studies in Mycology 87: 245 (2017)

Neocamarosporium Crous & M.J. Wingf., Persoonia 32: 273 (2014)

1. #N. obiones (Jaap) Wanas. & K.D. Hyde, Studies in Mycology 87: 249 (2017)

2. #N. salicorniicola Dayarathne, E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Studies in Mycology 87: 250 (2017)

3. #N. chersinae Crous, IMA Fungus 8 (1): 146 (2017) (Found in sediments in saline lakes)

4. N. jorjanensis Papizadeh, Wijayaw., Amoozegar, Shahzadeh Fazeli, & K.D. Hyde, Mycol. Progress https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-017-1341-x

5. N. persepolisi Papizadeh, Wijayaw., Amoozegar, Shahzadeh Fazeli, & K.D. Hyde, Mycol. Progress https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-017-1341-x

6. N. sollicola Papizadeh, Wijayaw.Amoozegar, Shahzadeh Fazeli & K.D. Hyde, Mycol. Progress https://doi.org/10.1007/s11557-017-1341-x

Melanommataceae G. Winter [as ‘Melanommeae’], Rabenh. Krypt.-Fl. 1(2): 220 (1885)

Bicrouania Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 94: 685 (1990)

1. B. maritima (P. Crouan & H. Crouan) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 94(5): 685 (1990)

Caryosporella Kohlm., Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Pl. Sci. 94: 355 (1985)

1. C. rhizophorae Kohlm., Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., Pl. Sci. 94(2–3): 356 (1985)

*Pleurophomopsis Petr., Annls. Mycol. 22 (1–2): 156 (1924)

1. P. nypae K.D. Hyde & B. Sutton, Mycol. Res. 96(3): 213 (1992)

Microsphaeropsidaceae Q. Chen, L. Cai & Crous, Studies in Mycology 82: 213 (2015)

Microsphaeropsis Hhn., Hedwigia 59: 267 (1917)

1. #M. arundinis (S. Ahmad) B. Sutton, The Coelomycetes. Fungi imperfecti with pycnidia, acervuli and stromata: 423 (1980)

Morosphaeriaceae Suetrong, Sakay., E.B.G. Jones & C.L. Schoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 161 (2009)

*Aegeanispora E.B.G. Jones et Abdel-Wahab, Botanica Marina 60: 470 (2017)

1. #A. elani E.B.G. Jones et Abdel-Wahab, Botanica Marine 60: 470 (2017)

Morosphaeria Suetrong, Sakay., E.B.G. Jones & C.L. Scoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 161 (2009)

1. #M. ramunculicola (K.D. Hyde) Suetrong, Sakay., E.B.G. Jones & C.L. Schoch, Stud Mycol 64: 162 (2009)

2. #M. velatispora (K.D. Hyde & Borse) Suetrong, Sakay., E.B.G. Jones & C.L. Schoch, Stud Mycol 64: 161 (2009)

3. #M. muthupetensis B. Devadatha, V. V. Sarma. et E.B.G Jones, Botanica Marina 61(4): 401 (2018)

Helicascus Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 47: 1471 (1969)

1. #H. kanaloanus Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 47: 1471 (1969)

2. #H. mangrovei Preedanon, Suetrong & Sakay., Mycoscience 58 (3): 176 (2017)

3. #H. nypae K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 34(4): 314 (1991)

4. # H. satunensis sp. nov.(in press)

Periconiaceae (Sacc.) Nann., Repertorio sistematico dei miceti dell’ uomo e degli animali 4: 482 (1934)

*Periconia Tode, Fungi Mecklenburgenses Selecti 2: 2 (1791)

1. P. byssoides Pers., Syn. meth. Fung. 686 (1801)

2. P. cookei E.W. Mason & M.B. Ellis, Mycol. Pap. 56: 72 (1953)

3. P. digitata (Cooke) Sacc., Syll Fung 4: 274 (1886)

4. P. echinochloae (Bat.) M.B. Ellis, Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes: 347 (1971)

5. P. minutissima Corda, Icon. Fung. hucusque cognitorum 1: 19, t. 5: 259 (1837)

Pseudoastrosphaeriellaceae Phook. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 74: 181 (2015)

Carinispora K.D. Hyde, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 110: 97 (1992)

1. C. nypae K.D. Hyde, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 110: 99 (1992)

2. C. velatispora K.D. Hyde, Sydowia 46(2): 259 (1994)

Phaeosphaeriaceae M.E. Bar, Mycologia 71: 948 (1979)

*#Amarenographium E. Erikss., Mycotaxon 15: 199 (1982)

1. A. metableticum (Trail) O.E. Erikss., Mycotaxon 15: 199 (1982)

2. #A. solium Abdel-Wahab, Hodhod, Bahkali & K.D. Hyde, Cryptog. Mycol. 33(3): 289 (2012)

Amarenomyces O.E. Erikss., Opera Bot. 60: 124 (1981)

1. A. ammophilae (Lasch) O.E. Erikss., Opera Bot. 60: 124 (1981

Lautitia S. Schatz, Can. J. Bot. 62(1): 31 (1984)

1. L. danica (Berl.) S. Schatz, Can J Bot 62(1): 31 (1984)

Loratospora Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascom. 12: 10 (1993)

1. #L. aestuarii Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascom. 12: 10 (1993)

*#Neosetophoma Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley, Mycologia 102(5): 1075 (2010)

1. #N. samararum (Desm.) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley [as ‘samarorum’], in de Gruyter et al., Mycologia 102(5): 1075 (2010)

Phaeosphaeria I. Miyake, Bot. Mag., Tokyo 23: 93 (1909)

1. Ph. anchiala Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & K.M. Tsui, Bot. Mar. 48(4): 308 (2005)

2. Ph. capensis Steinke & K.D. Hyde, Mycoscience 38(2): 101 (1997)

3. Ph. gessneri Shoemaker & C.E. Babc., Can. J. Bot. 67(5): 1567 (1989)

4. Ph. halima (T.W. Johnson) Shoemaker & C.E. Babc., Can. J. Bot. 67(5): 1514 (1989)

5. Ph. herpotrichoides (De Not.) L. Holm, Sym. Bot. Upsal. 14(3): 115 (1957)

6. Ph. macrosporidium (E.B.G. Jones) Shoemaker & C.E. Babc., Can. J. Bot. 67(5): 1532 (1989)

7. Ph. neomaritima (R.V. Gessner & Kohlm.) Shoemaker & C.E. Babc., Can. J. Bot. 67(5): 1572 (1989)

8. Ph. nodorum (E. Müll.) Hedjar., Sydowia 22(1–4): 79 (1969)

9. Ph. olivacea Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 40(4): 299 (1997)

10. Ph. orae-maris (Linder) Khashn. & Shearer, Mycol. Res. 100(10): 1351 (1996)

11. Ph. roemeriani Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Can. J. Bot. 76(3): 470 (1998)

12. Ph. spartinae (Ellis & Everh.) Shoemaker & C.E. Babc., Can. J. Bot. 67(5): 1573 (1989)

13. Ph. spartinicola Leuchtm., in Leuchtmann & Newell, Mycotaxon 41(1): 2 (1991)

14. Ph. typharum (Desm.) L. Holm, Symb. Bot. Upsal. 14(3): 126 (1957)

*Stagonospora (Sacc.) Sacc., Syll. Fung. 3: 445 (1884)

1. S. abundata Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 43(4): 390 (2000)

2. S. cylindrica Gunnell, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 40(4): 451 (1957)

3. S. elegans (Berk.) Sacc., Syll. Fung. 3: 436 (1884)

4. S. haliclysta Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 16(4): 213 (1973)

Phaeotrichaceae Cain, Canadian Journal of Botany 34 (4): 676 (1956)

Trichodelitschia Munk, Dansk bot. Arkiv. 15(2): 109 (1953)

1. T. bisporula (P. Crouan & H. Crouan) Munk, Dansk bot. Arkiv. 15(2): 109 (1953)

Pleosporaceae Nitschke, Verh. naturh. Ver. preuss. Rheinl. 26: 74 (1869)

*Alternaria Nees, System der Pilze und Schwämme: 72 (1817)

1. #A. alternata (Fr.) Keissl., Beihefte Bot. Zentralblatt 29: 433 (1912)

2. A. alternariae (Cooke) Woudenberg & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 75: 206 (2013)

3. A. botrytis (Preuss) Woudenberg & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 75(1): 206 (2013)

4. A. maritima G.K. Sutherl., New Phytol. 15: 46 (1916)

5. A. raphani J.W. Groves & Skolko, Can. J. Res. 22: 227 (1944)

6. A. tenuissima (Nees) Wiltshire, Trans Br Mycol Soc 18 (2): 157 (1933)

*Cochliobolus Drechsler, Phytopath. 24: 973 (1934)

1. C. tuberculatus Sivan., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 84: 548 (1985)

*Curvularia Boedijn, Bull Jardin Bot Buitenzorg 13(1): 123 (1933)

1. C. borreriae (Viégas) M.B. Ellis, in Viegas, Mycol. Pap. 106: 6 (1966)

2. C. hawaiiensis (Bugnic. ex M.B. Ellis) Manamgoda, L. Cai & K.D. Hyde, in Manamgoda, Cai, McKenzie, Crous, Madrid, Chukeatirote, Shivas, Tan & Hyde, Fungal Diversity 56(1): 141 (2012)

3. C. intermedia Boedijn, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz, 3 Sér. 13(1): 126 (1933)

4. C. lunata (Wakker) Boedijn, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz, 3 Sér. 13(1): 127 (1933)

5. C. protuberata R.R. Nelson & Hodges, Mycologia 57(5): 823 (1965)

6. C. tuberculata B.L. Jain, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 45(4): 539 (1962)

Bipolaris Shoemaker, Can. J. Bot. 37 (5): 882 (1959)

1. B. papendorfii (Aa) Alcorn, Mycotaxon 17: 68 (1983)

Decorospora Inderb., Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 94(4): 657 (2002)

1. #D. gaudefroyi (Pat.) Inderb., Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 94(4): 657 (2002)

Drechslera S. Ito, Proc. Imp. Acad. Japan 6(8): 355 (1930)

1. D. dematioidea (Bubák & Wróbl.) Scharif, Studies on Graminicolous Species of Helminthosporium (Tehran): 81 (1963)

Epicoccum Link, Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschenden Freunde Berlin 8: 32 (1815)

1. E. nigrum Link, Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschenden Freunde Berlin 8: 32 (1816)

*Paradendryphiella Woudenberg & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 75: 207 (2013)

1. #P. arenariae (Nicot) Woudenberg & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 75: 208 (2013)

2. #P. salina (G.K. Sutherl.) Woudenberg & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 75: 207 (2013)

Pleospora Rabenh. ex Ces. & De Not., Comm. Soc. Crittog. Ital. 1(4): 217 (1863)

Under the one fungus one name Pleospora is synonymized under Stemphylium Wallr. (Wijayawardene et al. 2014)

1. P. gracilariae E.G. Simmons & S. Schatz, in Simmons, Mem. N. Y. Bot. Gdn. 49: 305 (1989)

2. P. pelagica T.W. Johnson, Mycologia 48(4): 504 (1956)

3. P. pelvetiae G.K. Sutherl., New Phytol. 14: 38 (1915)

4. P. spartinae (J. Webster & M.T. Lucas) Apinis & Chesters, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 47(3): 432 (1964)

5. P. triglochinicola J. Webster, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 53(3): 481 (1969)

*Prathoda Subram., J. Indian bot. Soc. 35(1): 73 (1956)

1. P. longissima (Deighton & MacGarvie) E.G. Simmons, CBS Diversity Ser. (Utrecht) 6: 672 (2007)

Pseudopithomyces Ariyaw. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 75: 64 (2015)

1. #P. maydicus (Sacc.) J.F. Li, Ariyaw. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 75: 69 (2015)

*Stemphylium Wallr., Fl. Crypt. Germ. 2: 300 (1833)

1. S. gracilariae E.G. Simmons, Mem N. Y. Bot. Gdn. 49: 305 (1989)

2. S. lycopersici (Enjoji) W. Yamam., Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 2: 93 (1960)

3. S. maritimum T.W. Johnson, Mycologia 48(6): 844 (1957)

4. S. triglochinicola B. Sutton & Piroz., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 46(4): 519 (1963)

5. S. vesicarium (Wallr.) E.G. Simmons, Mycologia 61(1): 9 (1969)

*Setosphaeria K.J. Leonard & Suggs, Mycologia 66: 294 (1974)

1. S. rostrata K.J. Leonard, Mycologia 68: 409 (1976)

Ulocladium Preuss, Linnaea 24: 111 (1851)

Following species transferred to Alternaria under the one fungus one name

1. U. chartarum (Preuss) E.G. Simmons, Mycologia 59 (1): 88 (1967)

2. U. consortiale (Thüm.) E.G. Simmons, Mycologia 59 (1): 84 (1967)

Pyrenochaetopsidaceae Valenz.-Lopez, Crous, J.F. Cano, Guarro & Stchigel, Studies in Mycology 90: 56 (2017)

Neopyrenochaeta Valenz.-Lopez, Crous, Stchigel, Guarro & J.F. Cano, Studies in Mycology 90: 54 (2017

1. N. inflorescentiae (Crous, Marinc. & M.J. Wingf.) Valenz.-Lopez, Crous, Stchigel, Guarro & J.F. Cano, Studies in Mycology 90: 55 (2017)

Roussoellaceae J.K. Liu et al., Phytotaxa 181(1):7 (2014)

Roussoella Sacc., Atti dell´Istituto Veneto Scienze 6: 410 (1888)

1. R. mangrovei Phukhamsakda & K.D. Hyde, Mycosphere 9 (2): 339 (2018)

Salsugineaceae K.D. Hyde & S. Tibpromma, Fungal Divers. 63: 227 (2013)

Acrocordiopsis Borse & K.D. Hyde, Mycotaxon 34(2): 535 (1989)

1. #A. patilii Borse & K.D. Hyde, Mycotaxon 34(2): 536 (1989)

2. A. sphaerica Alias & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 2: 39 (1999)

Salsuginea K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 34(4): 315 (1991)

1. #S. ramicola K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 34(4): 316 (1991)

Sporormiaceae Munk, Dansk Bot. Ark. 17(1): 450 (1957)

*Amorosia Mantle & D. Hawksw., Mycol. Res. 110(12): 1373 (2006)

1. #A. littoralis Mantle & D. Hawksw., Mycol. Res. 110(12): 1373 (2006)

Sporormiella Ellis & Everh., North American Pyrenomycetes: 136 (1892)

1. Sp. intermedia (Auersw.) S.I. Ahmed & Cain ex Kobayasi, Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus.: 339 (1969)

Westerdykella Stolk, Transactions of the British Mycological Society 38 (4): 422 (1955)

1. W. dispersa (Clum) Cejp & Milko, Ceská Mykologie 18 (2): 83 (1964)

Striatiguttulaceae S.N. Zhang, K.D. Hyde & J.K. Liu, Mycokeys, 49: 110 (2019)

Striatiguttula S.N. Zhang, K.D. Hyde & J.K. Liu, Mycokeys, 49: 111 (2019)

1. *#S. nypae S.N. Zhang, K.D. Hyde & J.K. Liu, Mycokeys, 49: 112 (2019)

2. #S. phoenicis S.N. Zhang, K.D. Hyde & J.K. Liu, Mycokeys 49: 115 (2019)

Longicorpus S.N. Zhang, K.D. Hyde & J.K. Liu, Mycokeys, 49: 117 (2019)

1. #L. striataspora (K.D. Hyde) S.N. Zhang, K.D. Hyde & J.K. Liu, Mycokeys, 49: 118 (2019)

Testudinaceae Arx, Persoonia 6(3): 366 (1971)

Verruculina Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 94(5): 689 (1990)

1. #V. enalia (Kohlm.) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 94(5): 689 (1990)

Trematosphaeriaceae K.D. Hyde, Y. Zhang ter, Suetrong & E.B.G. Jones: 347 (2011)

Falciformispora K.D. Hyde, Mycol. Res. 96(1): 26 (1992)

1. #F. lignatilis K.D. Hyde, Mycol. Res. 96(1): 27 (1992)

Halomassarina Suetrong, Sakay., E.B.G. Jones, Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & C.L. Schoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 161 (2009)

1. #H. thalassiae (Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm.) Suetrong, Sakay., E.B.G. Jones, Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & C.L. Schoch, Stud. Mycol. 64: 161 (2009)

Trematosphaeria Fuckel, Jb. Nassau. Ver. Naturk. 23-24: 161 (1870)

1. T. lineolatispora K.D. Hyde, Mycol. Res. 96(1): 28 (1992)

2. T. malaysiana Alias, T.A. McKeown, S.T. Moss & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Res. 105(5): 616 (2001)

3. T. mangrovis Kohlm., Mycopath. Mycol. Appl. 34: 1 (1968)

Zopfiaceae G. Arnaud ex D. Hawksw., Syst. Ascom. 11: 77 (1992)

Coronopapilla Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 94: 686 (1990)

1. C. avellina Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 94: 687 (1990)

2. C. mangrovei (K.D. Hyde) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 34: 19 (1991)

Pleosporales incertae sedis

Acuminatispora S.N. Zhang., K.D. Hyde & J.K. Liu, 17: 1179 (2018)

1. #A. palmarum S.N. Zhang, K.D. Hyde & J.K. Liu, 17: 1181 (2018)

*Amarenographium E. Erikss., Mycotaxon 15: 199 (1982)

1. A. metableticum (Trail) O.E. Erikss., Mycotaxon 15: 199 (1982)

2. #A. solium Abdel-Wahab, Hodhod, Bahkali & K.D. Hyde, Cryptog. Mycol. 33(3): 289 (2012)

*Bactrodesmium Cooke, Grevillea 12(61): 35 (1883)

1. B. linderi (J.L. Crane & Shearer) M.E. Palm & E.L. Stewart, Mycotaxon 15: 319 (1982)

Farasanispora Abdel-Wahab, Bahkali & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 78: 63 (2016)

1. # F. avicenniae Abdel-Wahab, Bahkali & E.B.G. Jones, 78: 65 (2016)

Heleiosa Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Can. J. Bot. 74(11): 1830 (1996)

1. H. barbatula Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Can. J. Bot. 74(11): 1830 (1996)

*Paraphoma Morgan-Jones & J.F. White, Mycotaxon 18(1): 58 (1983)

1. #P. fimeti (Brunaud) Gruyter, Aveskamp & Verkley, Mycologia 102(5): 1076 (2010)

Phoma Sacc., Michelia 2 (6): 4 (1880)

1. #P. glomerata (Corda) Wollenw. & Hochapfel, Z. ParasitKde 3(5): 592 (1936)

2. #P. herbarum Westend., Bull l’Acad Royale Sci Belgique Classe des Sciences 19: 118 (1852)

3. #P. putamina Holls, Nvnyt Kzlem 6 (1907)

No sequence data

1. P. capitulum Panwar, P.N. Mathur & Thirum., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 50(2): 261 (1967)

2. P. hibernica Grimes, M. O’Connor & Cummins, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 17(1–2): 100 (1932)

3. P. laminariae Cooke & Massee, Grevillea 18(87): 53 (1890)

4. P. leveillei Boerema & G.J. Bollen, Persoonia (2): 115 (1975)

5. P. multispora V.H. Pawar, P.N. Mathur & Thirum., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 50(2): 260 (1967)

6. P. nebulosa (Pers.) Mont., in Berkeley, Outl. Brit. Fung. (London): 314 (1860)

7. P. navium Woron., Arbeit Biol. Wolga-Station 8(1–3): 61 (1925)

8. P. ostiolata V.H. Pawar, P.N. Mathur & Thirum., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 50(2): 262 (1967)

9. P. suaedae Jaap, Schr. Naturw. Ver. Schles.-Holst. 14(1): 27 (1907)

Paraliomyces Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 1: 81 (1959)

1.#P. lentifer Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 1: 81 (1959)

*Stagonosporopsis Died., Annls Mycol 10(2): 142 (1912)

1. St. cucurbitacearum (Fr.) Aveskamp, Gruyter & Verkley, Stud. Mycol. 65: 45 (2010)


2. KIRSCHSTEINIOTHELIALES Hern.-Restr., R.F. Castañeda, Gené & Crous, Studies in Mycology 86: 72 (2017)

Kirschsteiniotheliaceae Boonmee & K.D. Hyde, Mycologia 104 (3): 705 (2012)

Kirschsteiniothelia D. Hawksw., Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 91: 182 (1985)

1. K. phoenicis S.N. Zhang & K.D. Hyde, Mycosphere 9(2): 357 (2018)


3. MYTILINIDIALES E.W.A. Boehm, C.L. Schoch & Spatafora, Mycol. Res. 113(4): 468 (2009)

Mytilinidiaceae Kirschst., [as ‘Mytilidiaceae’], Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb 66: 28 (1924)

Halokirschsteiniothelia S. Boonmee & K.D. Hyde, Mycologia 104(3): 705 (2012)

1. #H. maritima (Linder) Boonmee & K.D. Hyde, Mycologia 104(3): 705 (2012)

*Pseudorobillarda Morelet, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Arch. Toulon et du Var 175: 5 (1968)

1. #P. phragmitis (Cunnell) M. Morelet, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Arch. Toulon et du Var 175: 6 (1968)


4. HYSTERIALES Lindau, Natürl Pflanzenfam: 265 (1896)

Hysteriaceae Chevall., Flore Générale des Environs de Paris 1: 432 (1826)

Gloniella Sacc., Syll. Fung. 2: 765 (1883)

1. G. clavatispora Steinke & K.D. Hyde, Mycoscience 38(1): 7 (1997)

Hysterium Pers., Tentamen dispositionis methodicae Fungorum: 4, V-VI (1797)

1. #H. rhizophorae Dayarathne & K. D. Hyde, in Fungal Diversity 87:42 (2017)

Dothideomycetes genera incertae sedis

Belizeana Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 30: 195 (1987)

1. B. tuberculata Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 30: 196 (1987)

Capillataspora K.D. Hyde, Can. J. Bot. 67(8): 2522 (1989)

1. C. corticola K.D. Hyde, Can. J. Bot. 67(8): 2522 (1989)

Lineolata Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 94: 687 (1990)

1. #L. rhizophorae (Kohlm. & E. Kohlm.) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 94(5): 688 (1990)

Passeriniella Berl., Icon. Fung. 1(1): 51 (1890)

1. P. mangrovei G.L. Maria & K.R. Sridhar, Indian Journal of Forestry 25: 319 (2002)

2. P. savoryellopsis K.D. Hyde & Mouzouras, Transactions of the British Mycological Society 91 (1): 179 (1988)

*Rhabdospora (Durieu & Mont. ex Sacc.) Sacc., Syll. Fung. 3: 578 (1884)

1. R. avicenniae Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Mycologia 63(4): 851 (1971)

Thalassoascus Ollivier, C. r. hebd. Sanc. Acad. Sci. Paris 182: 1348 (1926)

1. T. cystoseirae (Ollivier) Kohlm., Mycologia 73: 837 (1981)

2. T. lessoniae Kohlm., Mycologia 73: 837 (1981)

3. T. tregoubovii Ollivier, C. R. Hebd. Sanc. Acad. Sci Paris 182: 1348


5. PATELLARIALES D. Hawksw. & O.E. Erikss., Syst. Ascomyc. 5: 181 (1986)

Patellariaceae Corda, Icon. Fung. 2: 37 (1838)

Banhegyia L. Zeller & Tóth, Sydowia 14: 326 (1960)

1. B. setispora L. Zeller & Tóth, Sydowia 14: 327 (1960)

Patellaria Fr., Syst. Mycol. (Lindae) 2(1): 158 (1822)

1. #P. atrata (Hedw.) Fr., Syst. Mycol. (Lundae) 2(1): 158 (1822)


6. JAHNULALES K.L. Pang, Abdel-Wahab, El-Shar., E.B.G. Jones & Sivichai, Mycol. Res. 106(9): 1033 (2002)

Aliquandostipitaceae Inderb., Am. J. Bot. 88(1): 54 (2001)

*Xylomyces Goos, R.D. Brooks & Lamore, Mycologia 69: 282 (1977)

1. #X. chlamydosporus Goos, R.D. Brooks & Lamore, Mycologia 69(2): 282 (1977)

Manglicolaceae Suetrong & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 51: 183 (2011)

Manglicola Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Mycologia 63(4): 840 (1971)

1. #M. guatemalensis Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Mycologia 63(4): 841 (1971)


7. VENTURIALES Yin. Zhang & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 51: 249–277 (2011)

Sympoventuriaceae Yin. Zhang, C.L. Schoch & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 51: 251 (2011)

*Ochroconis de Hoog & Arx, Kavaka 1: 57 (1973)

1. O. constricta (E.V. Abbott) de Hoog & Arx, Kavaka 1: 57 (1973)

1. O. humicola (G.L. Barron & Lv. Busch) de Hoog & Arx, Kavaka 1: 57 (1973)


Dothideomycetes incertae sedis

Aquamarina Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Mycol. Res. 100(4): 393 (1996)

1. A. speciosa Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Mycol. Res. 100(4): 393 (1996)


8. DYFROLOMYCETALES K.L. Pang, K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 63: 7 (2013)

Dyfrolomycetaceae K.D. Hyde, K.L. Pang, Alias, Suetrong & E.B.G. Jones, Cryptog. Mycol. 34: 227 (2013)

Dyfrolomyces K.D. Hyde, K.L. Pang, Alias, Suetrong & E.B.G. Jones, Cryptog. Mycol. 34: 227 (2013)

1. #D. mangrovei (K.D. Hyde) K.D. Hyde, K.L. Pang, Alias, Suetrong & E.B.G. Jones, Cryptog. Mycol. 34(3): 228 (2013)

2. #D. marinospora (K.D. Hyde) K.D. Hyde, K.L. Pang, Alias, Suetrong & E.B.G. Jones, Cryptog. Mycol. 34(3): 228 (2013)

3. #D. rhizophorae (K.D. Hyde) K.D. Hyde, K.L. Pang, Alias, Suetrong & E.B.G. Jones, Cryptog. Mycol. 34(3): 228 (2013)

4. #D. tiomanensis K.L. Pang, S.A. Alias, K.D. Hyde, Suetrong & E.B.G. Jones, Cryptog. Mycol. 34(3): 228 (2013)

*Helicorhoidion S. Hughes, Can. J. Bot. 36(6): 773 (1958)

1. H. nypicola K.D. Hyde & Goh, Mycol. Res. 103(11): 1420 (1999)


Class: Eurotiomycetes O.E. Erikss. & Winka, Myconet 1: 6 (1997)

Subclass: Eurotiomycetidae Doweld, Prosyllabus Tracheophytorum, Tentamen systematis plantarum vascularium (Tracheophyta): LXXVIII (2001)

1. ONYGENALES Cif. ex Benny & Kimbr., Mycotaxon 12(1): 8 (1980)

Gymnoascaceae Baran., Bot. Ztg. 30: 158 (1872)

Arachniotus J. Schröt., Kryptogamen-Flora von Schlesien 3-2(8): 210 (1893)

1. A. littoralis (G.F. Orr) Arx, Persoonia 9(3): 397 (1977)

Gymnascella Peck, Annual Report on the New York State Museum of Natural History 35: 143 (1884)

1. G. dankaliensis (Castell.) Currah, Mycotaxon 24: 77 (1985)

Myxotrichaceae Locq. ex Currah, Mycotaxon 24: 103 (1985)

*Oidiodendron Robak, Nytt Magazin for Naturvidenskapene 71: 245 (1932)

1. O. griseum Robak, in Melin & Nannfeldt, Svensk Skogsvårdsförening Tidskr. 3-4: 440 (1934)

Onygyneaceae Berk., Introduction to Crypt. Bot.: 272 (1857)

Chrysosporium Corda, Deutschlands Flora, Abt. III. Die Pilze Deutschlands 3-13: 85 (1833)

1. C. merdarium (Link) J.W. Carmich., Can. J. Bot. 40 (8): 1160 (1962)


2. EUROTIALES G.W. Martin ex Benny & Kimbr., Mycotaxon 12(1): 23 (1980)

Monascaceae J. Schröt., Nat. Pflanzenfamilien: 148 (1894)

Cephalotrichum Link, Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschenden Freunde Berlin 3 (1): 20 (1809)

*1. C. stemonitis (Pers.) Nees, Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschenden Freunde Berlin 3 (1): 20 (1809)

*Xeromyces L.R. Fraser, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 78: 245 (1953)

1. #X. bisporus L.R. Fraser, Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 78: 245 (1954)

Aspergillaceae Link, Abh. dt. Akad. Wiss. Berlin: 165 (1826)

*Aspergillus P. Micheli ex Haller, Hist Stirp Helv 3: 113 (1768)

1. #A. aculeatus Iizuka, J. Agric. Chem. Soc. Japan: 807 (1953)

2. A. amstelodami Thom & Church, The Genus Aspergillus: 113 (1926)

3. A. awamori Nakaz., Rep. Gov. Res. Inst. Formosa: 1 (1907)

4. #A. candidus Link, Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin 3(1–2): 16 (1809)

5. A. carbonarius (Bainier) Thom, in Thom & Currie, J. Agric. Res. 7: 12 (1916)

6. #A. carneus Blochwitz, Annls. Mycol. 31(1/2): 81 (1933)

7. A. clavatus Desm., Annales des Sciences Naturelles Botanique 2: 71 (1834)

8. A. cervinus Massee, Bull. Misc. Inf., Kew 1914: 158 (1914)

9. A. chevalieri Thom & Church, The Genus Aspergillus: 111 (1926)

10. A. cristatus Raper & Fennell, The Genus Aspergillus: 169 (1965)

11. A. ficuum (Reichardt) Thom & Currie, J. Agric. Res. 7: 12 (1916)

12. A. fischeri Wehmer, Zentbl. Bakt. ParasitKde, Abt. II 18: 390 (1907)

13. A. flavipes (Bainier & R. Sartory) Thom & Church, Manual of the Aspergilli: 179 (1926)

14. #A. flavus Link, Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 3: 16 (1809)

15. #A. foetidus Thom & Raper, Manual of the Aspergilli: 219 (1945)

16. #A. fumigatus Fresen., Beitr. Mykol. 3: 81 (1863)

17. A. glaucus (L.) Link, Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 3(1–2): 82 (1809)

18. #A. gracilis Bainier, Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 23(2): 92 (1907

19. A. kanagawaensis Nehira, J. Jap. Bot.: 109 (1951)

20. A. melleus Yukawa, J. Coll. Agric. Imp. Univ. Tokyo: 358 (1911)

21. A. nidulans (Eidam) G. Winter, Rabenhorst’s Kryptogamen-Flora, Pilze - Ascomyceten 1(2): 62 (1884)

22. #A. niger Tiegh., Annal. Sci. Natur. Bot. 8: 240 (1867)

23. #A. nomius Kurtzman, B.W. Horn & Hesselt., Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 53(3): 151 (1987)

24. A. nutans McLennan & Ducker, Aust. J. Bot. 2(3): 355 (1954)

25. #A. ochraceus K. Wilh., Beit Kenntni Pilzgattung Aspergillus: 66 (1877)

26. #A. ochraceopetaliformis Bat. & Maia, Anais Soc. Biol. Pernambuco 15(1): 213 (1957)

27. A. ostianus Wehmer, Bot. Zbl.: 461 (1897)

28. #A. penicillioides Speg., Revta. Fac. Agron. Vet. Univ. Na.c La Plata 2: 245 (1896)

29. A. protuberus Munt.-Cvetk., Mikrobiologiya 5: 119 (1968)

30. A. pseudodeflectus Samson & Mouch., Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 41(3): 345 (1975)

31. A. pulverulentus (McAlpine) Wehmer, Bot. Zentralbl.: 394 (1907)

32. A. repens (Corda) Sacc., Michelia 2(8): 577 (1882)

33. #A. restrictus G. Sm., J. Textile Res. Inst.: 115 (1931)

34. #A. ruber Thom & Church, The Aspergilli: 112 (1926)

35. #A. sclerotiorum G.A. Huber, Phytopathology 23: 306 (1933)

36. A. subsessilis Raper & Fennell, The Genus Aspergillus: 530 (1965)

37. #A. sydowii (Bainier & Sartory) Thom & Church, The Aspergilli: 147 (1926)

38. A. taichungensis Yaguchi, Someya & Udagawa, Mycoscience 36(4): 421 (1995)

39. #A. tamarii Kita, Centralbl. Bakteriol., Abt. 2: 433 (1913)

40. #A. terreus Thom, Am. J. Bot. 5 (2): 85 (1918)

41. A. terricola É.J. Marchal, Rev. Mycol. (Toulouse): 101 (1893)

42. #A. tubingensis Mosseray, La Cellule 43: 245 (1934)

43. #A. unguis (Weill & L. Gaudin) Dodge, Medical mycology. Fungous diseases of men and other mammals: 637 (1935)

44. #A. ustus (Bainier) Thom & Church, The Aspergilli: 152 (1926)

45. #A. versicolor (Vuill.) Tirab., Ann. Bot.: 9 (1908)

46. A. wentii Wehmer, Centralbl. Bakteriol.: 150 (1896)

47. A. westerdijkiae Frisvad & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 50(1): 30 (2004)

*Dichotomomyces Saito ex D.B. Scott, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 55(2): 313 (1970)

1. D. cejpii (Milko) D.B. Scott, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 55(2): 314 (1970)

Eupenicillium F. Ludw., Lehrbuch der Niederen Kryptogamen: 256, 257, 263 (1892)

1. E. limosum S. Ueda, Mycoscience 36(4): 451 (1995)

Eurotium Link, Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschenden Freunde Berlin 3 (1): 31, t. 2 :44 (1809)

1. E. herbariorum (F.H. Wigg.) Link, Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschenden Freunde Berlin 3 (1): 31 (1809)

2. E. rubrum Jos. König et al., Z. Untersuch. Nahrungs- Gen.smittel: 726 (1901)

*Emericella Berk., Intr. Crypt. Bot. (London): 340 (1857)

1. E. nidulans (Eidam) Vuill., C. r. hebd. Sanc. Acad. Sci., Paris 184: 137 (1927)

2. E. variecolor Berk. & Broome, Intr. Crypt. Bot. (London): 340 (1857)

*Neosartorya Malloch & Cain, Can. J. Bot. 50(12): 2620 (1973)

1. N. laciniosa S.B. Hong, Frisvad & Samson, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 56(2): 484 (2006)

2. N. paulistensis Y. Horie, Miyaji & Nishim., in Horie et al., Mycoscience 36(2): 163 (1995)

3. N. tsunodae Yaguchi, Abliz & Y. Horie, Mycoscience 51(4): 261 (2010)

*Paecilomyces Bainier, Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 23(1): 27 (1907)

1. #P. variotii Bainier, Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 23(1): 27 (1907)

*Penicillium Link, Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschenden Freunde Berlin 3: 16 (1809)

1. P. asperosporum G. Sm., Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 48 (2): 275 (1965)

2. #P. atrosanguineum B.X. Dong, Cesk Mykol. 27(3): 174 (1973)

3. P. atramentosum Thom, U.S.D.A. Bu Animal Ind Bull 118: 65 (1910)

4. P. attenuatum Kirichuk & Pivkin, in Kirichuk, Pivkin & Matveeva, Mycol. Progr. 16(1): 21 (2017)

5. P. aurantiogriseum Dierckx, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 88 (1901)

6. P. bilaiae Chalab., Notul. Syst. Sect. Cryptog. Inst. bot. Acad. Sci. U.S.S.R: 161-165 (1950)

7. #P. brevicompactum Dierckx, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 88 (1901)

8. P. camemberti Thom, Bull. U. S. Dep. Agric., Bur. Animal Ind. 82: 50 (1906)

9. P. canesens Sopp, Monograph of Penicillium 11: 181 (1912)

10. P. chermesinum Biourge, La Cellule 33: 284-288 (1923)

11. #P. chrysogenum Thom, Bull. U. S. Dep. Agric., Bur. Animal Ind. 118: 58 (1910)

12. #P. citrinum Thom, Bull. U. S. Dep. Agric., Bur. Animal Ind. 118: 61 (1910)

13. #P. citreonigrum Dierckx, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 86 (1901)

14. #P. commune Thom, Bull. U. S. Dep. Agric., Bur. Animal Ind. 118: 56–57 (1910)

15. P. corylophilum Dierckx, Annales de la Socit Scientifique de Bruxelles 25 (1): 86 (1901)

16. P. crustosum Thom, The Penicillia: 399 (1930)

17. P. decumbens Thom, Bull. U. S. Dep. Agric., Bur. Animal Ind. 181: 71 (1910)

18. P. decaturense S.W. Peterson, E.M. Bayer & Wicklow, Mycologia 96 (6): 1290 (2005)

18. P. dimorphosporum H.J. Swart, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 55(2): 310 (1970)

19. P. dierckxii Biourge, La Cellule 33: 313 (1923)

20. P. dodgei Pitt, The genus Penicillium and its teleomorph states Eupenicillium and Talaromyces (London): 117 (1980)

21. #P. dravuni Janso, Mycologia 97(2): 445 (2005)

22. P. echinulatum Raper & Thom ex Fassat., Acta Universitatis Carolinae Biologica 12: 326 (1977)

23. P. expansum Link, Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin 3(1–2): 54 (1809)

24. P. glabrum (Wehmer) Westling, Ark. Bot. 11(1): 131 (1911)

25. P. granulatum Bainier, Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 21: 127 (1905)

26. P. griseofulvum Dierckx, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 88 (1901)

27. P. implicatum Biourge, La Cellule 33(1): 278 (1923)

28. P. hirsutum Sartory & Bainier, Bull. Soc. mycol. Fr.: 373 (1913)

29. P. janczewskii K.M. Zalessky, Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci., Math. Nat., Sr. B: 488 (1927)

30. P. jejuense M.S. Park & Y.W. Lim, Mycologia 107 (1): 212 (2015)

31. P. lanosum Westling, Ark. Bot. 11: 97 (1911)

32. P. italicum Wehmer, Hedwigia 33: 211 (1894)

33. P. lividum Westling, Ark. Bot. 11: 136 (1911)

34. P. jensenii K.M. Zalessky, Bulletin International de l’Academie Polonaise des Sciences et des Lettres Srie B 1927: 494 (1927)

35. P. madriti G. Sm., Transactions of the British Mycological Society 44 (1): 42–50 (1961)

36. P. melinii Thom, The Penicillia: 273 (1930)

37. P. miczynskii K.M. Zalessky, Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci., Math. Nat., Sr. B: 482 (1927)

38. #P. minioluteum Dierckx, Ann. Soc. Sci. Bruxelles 25: 87 (1901)

39. P. montanense M. Chr. & Backus, Mycologia 54(5): 574 (1963)

40. P. multicolor Grig.-Man. & Porad., Arch. des Sciences Biol. Leningrad: 120 (1915)

41. P. nalgiovense Laxa, Zentralblatt fr Bakteriologie und Parasitenkunde Abteilung 2 86 (5–7): 160 (1932)

42. P. notatum Westling, Ark. Bot. 11: 95 (1911)

43. #P. ochotense Kirichuk & Pivkin, in Kirichuk, Pivkin & Matveeva, Mycol. Progr. 16(1): 21 (2017

44. #P. oxalicum Currie & Thom, J. Biol. Chem. 22(2): 289 (1915)

45. P. palitans Westling, Arkiv fr Botanik 11 (1): 83 (1911)

46. P. paneum Frisvad, in Boysen, Skouboe, Frisvad & Rossen, Microbiol., Reading 142(3): 546 (1996)

47. #P. paxilli Bainier, Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 23: 95 (1907)

48. #P. piltuense Kirichuk & Pivkin, in Kirichuk, Pivkin & Matveeva, Mycol. Progr. 16(1): 19 (2017)

49. P. purpurascens (Sopp) Biourge, La Cellule 33: 105 (1923)

50. P. purpureogenum Stoll: 235–237 (1923)

51. P. raistrickii G. Sm., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 18(1): 90 (1933)

52. #P. restrictum J.C. Gilman & E.V. Abbott, J. Iowa State College, Sci. 1: 297 (1927)

53. P. roseopurpureum Dierckx, Annales de la Socit Scientifique de Bruxelles 25 (1): 86 (1901)

54. P. sacculum E. Dale, Annls. Mycol. 24(1/2): 137 (1926)

55. P. sclerotiorum J.F.H. Beyma, Zentralblatt fr Bakteriologie und Parasitenkunde Abteilung 2 96: 416 (1937)

56. #P. simplicissimum (Oudem.) Thom, The Penicillia: 335 (1930)

57. P. solitum Westling, Ark. Bot. 11: 52 (1911)

58. P. spinulosum Thom, Bull. U. S. Dep. Agric., Bur. Animal Ind. 118: 76 (1910)

59. P. steckii K.M. Zalessky, Bulletin International de l’Academie Polonaise des Sciences et des Lettres Srie B 1927: 469 (1927)

60. P. thomii Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. N. 8: 189–192 (1917)

61. #P. toxicarium I. Miyake, in Miyake, Naito & Sumida, Manual and Atlas of the Penicillia (Amsterdam): 125 (1940)

62. P. velutinum J.F.H. Beyma, Zentralblatt fr Bakteriologie und Parasitenkunde Abteilung 2 91: 352 (1935)

63. P. vinaceum J.C. Gilman & E.V. Abbott, Iowa State College Journal of Science 1 (3): 299 (1927)

64. #P. virgatum Nirenberg & Kwana, Mycol. Res. 109(9): 977 (2005)

65. P. vulpinum (Cooke & Massee) Seifert & Samson, Advances in Penicillium and Aspergillus Systematics: 144 (1985)

66. P. waksmanii K.M. Zalessky, Bull. Acad. Polon. Sci., Math. et Nat., Sr. B: 468 (1927)

*Purpureocillium Luangsa-ard, Hywel-Jones, Houbraken & Samson, in Luangsa-ard, Houbraken, Doorn, Hong, Borman, Hywel-Jones & Samson, FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 321(2): 144 (2011)

1. #P. lilacinum (Thom) Luangsa-ard, Houbraken, Hywel-Jones & Samson, in Luangsa-ard, Houbraken, Doorn, Hong, Borman, Hywel-Jones & Samson, FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 321(2): 144 (2011)

Talaromyces C.R. Benj., Mycologia 47: 681 (1955)

1. T. flavus (Klcker) Stolk & Samson, Stud. Mycol. 2: 10 (1972)

2. T. helicus C.R. Benj., Mycologia 47(5): 684 (1955)

3. T. minioluteus (Dierckx) Samson, N. Yilmaz, Frisvad & Seifert, in Samson, Yilmaz, Houbraken, Spierenburg, Seifert, Peterson, Varga & Frisvad, Stud Mycol 70: 176 (2011)

4. #T. pinophilus (Hedgc.) Samson, N. Yilmaz, Frisvad & Seifert, in Samson et al., Stud. Mycol. 70: 176 (2011)

5. #T. purpureogenus Samson et al., in Samson et al., Stud. Mycol. 70: 177 (2011)

6. #T. radicus (A.D. Hocking & Whitelaw) Samson, Yilmaz, Frisvad & Seifert, Stud. Mycol. 70: 177 (2011)

7. T. rugulosus (Thom) Samson, N. Yilmaz, Frisvad & Seifert, in Samson, Yilmaz, Houbraken, Spierenburg, Seifert, Peterson, Varga & Frisvad, Stud Mycol 70: 177 (2011)

8. T. variabilis Sopp, Skrifter udgivne af Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania. Mathematisk-Naturvidenskabelig Klasse 11: 169 (1912)

9. #T. verruculosus (Peyronel) Samson, Yilmaz, Frisvad & Seifert, Stud. Mycol. 70: 177 (2011)

Nectriaceae Tul. & C. Tul., Selecta Fungorum Carpologia: Nectriei- Phacidiei- Pezizei 3: 3 (1865)

*Tubercularia Tode, Fung. Mecklenb. Sel. 1: 18 (1790)

1. T. pulverulenta Speg., Anal. Soc. Cient. Argent. 12(1): 32 (1881)

Trichocomaceae E. Fisch., Nat. Pflanzenfamilien: 310 (1897)

Hemicarpenteles A.K. Sarbhoy & Elphick, Transactions of the British Mycological Society 51 (1): 155 (1968)

1. H. ornata (Raper, Fennell & Tresner) Arx, The genera of fungi sporulating in pure culture: 94 (1974)

Cordycipitaceae Kreisel, Grundz. Natrl. Syst. Pilze: 112 (1969)

*Beauveria Vuill., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 59: 40 (1912)

1. B. bassiana (Bals.-Criv.) Vuill., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 12: 40 (1912)

Cordyceps Fr., Handbuch zur Erkennung der nutzbarsten und am häufigsten vorkommenden Gewächse: 346 (1833)

1. C. polyarthra Möller, Bot Mitt Trop 9: 213 (1901)

Subclass: Chaetothyriomycetidae Doweld, Prosyllabus Tracheophytorum, Tentamen systematis plantarum vascularium (Tracheophyta): LXXVIII (2001)

1. CHAETOTHYRIALES M.E. Barr, Mycotaxon 29: 502 (1987)

Herpotrichiellaceae Munk, Dansk bot. Ark. 15(2): 131 (1953)

Capronia Sacc., Syll. Fung. 2: 288 (1883)

1. C. ciliomaris (Kohlm.) E. Mll., Petrini, P.J. Fisher, Samuels & Rossman, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 88(1): 73 (1987)

2. C. coronata Samuels, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 88(1): 65 (1987)

*Coniosporium Link, Mag. Gesell. naturf. Freunde, Berlin 3(1–2): 8 (1809)

1. C. perforans Sterfl., in Sterflinger et al., Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 72(4): 352 (1997)

Exophiala J.W. Carmich., Sabouraudia 5(1): 122 (1966)

1. E. dermatitidis (Kano) de Hoog, Stud. Mycol. 15: 118 (1977)

2. E. pisciphila McGinnis & Ajello, Mycologia 66(3): 518 (1974)

3. E. salmonis J.W. Carmich., Sabouraudia 5(1): 122 (1966)

4. E. xenobiotica de Hoog et al., Anton. van Leeuw. 90(3): 264 (2006

*Metulocladosporiella Crous, Schroers, Groenewald, U. Braun & Schubert, Mycol. Res. 110(3): 269 (2006)

1. #M. musae (E.W. Mason) Crous, Schroers, J.Z. Groenew., U. Braun & K. Schub., Mycol. Res. 110(3): 269 (2006)

*Phialophora Medlar, Mycologia 7(4): 202 (1915)

1. Ph. bubakii (Laxa) Schol-Schwarz, Persoonia 6(1): 66 (1970)

2. Ph. cinerescens (Wollenw.) J.F.H. Beyma, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 6: 38 (1940)

3. Ph. fastigiata (Lagerb. & Melin) Conant, Mycologia 29 (5): 597 (1937)


2. PYRENULALES Fink ex D. Hawksw. & O.E. Erikss., Syst. Ascomyc. 5: 182(1986)

Requienellaceae Boise, Mycologia 78: 37 (1986)

Pyrenographa Aptroot, Biblioth. Lichenol. 44: 103 (1991)

1. P. xylographoides Aptroot, Biblioth. Lichenol. 44: 103 (1991)

Pyrenulales incertae sedis

Xenus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Cryptog. Bot. 2: 367 (1992)

1. X. lithophylli Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Cryptog. Bot. 2(4): 368 (1992)


3. COLLEMOPSIDIALES Pere-Otega, Gardo-Benavert & Grube, Fungal Diversity 80: 296 (2016)

Xanthopyreniaceae Zahlbr., Syst. Lich.: 91 (1926)

Collemopsidium Nyl., Flora (Regensburg) 64: 6 (1881)

1. #C. halodytes (Nyl.) Grube & B.D. Ryan, Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region (Tempe) 1: 163 (2002)

2. #C. elegans (R. Sant.) Grube & B.D. Ryan, Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region (Tempe) 1: 163 (2002)

3. #C. foveolatum (A.L. Sm.) F. Mohr,.Mycol. Res. 108(5): 529 (2004)

4. #C. ostrearum (Vain.) F. Mhor, Mycol. Res. 108 (5): 530 (2004)

5. C. pelvetiae (G.K. Sutherl.) Kohlm., D. Hawksw. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Progr. 3 (1): 54 (2004)

6. C. pneumatophorae (Kohlm.) Aptroot, Mycosphaerella and its anamorphs: 2. Conspectus of Mycosphaerella: 160 (2006)

7. #C. sublitorale (Leight.) Grube & B.D. Ryan, Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region (Tempe) 1: 163 (2002)


4. VERRUCARIALES Mattick ex D. Hawksw. & O.E. Erikss., Syst. Ascomyc. 5: 183 (1986)

Verrucariaceae Zenker, Pharmaceutische Waarenkunde 1: 123 (1827)

Hydropunctaria Gerw. Keller, Gueidan & Ths, Taxon 58(1): 193 (2009)

1. H. adriatica (Zahlbr.) C. Keller & Gueidan, Taxon 58(1): 194 (2009)

2. H. amphibia (Clemente ex Ach.) Cl. Roux, in Roux, Masson, Bricaud, Coste & Poumarat, Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, num. spc. 14: 108 (2011)

3. H. aractina (Wahlenb.) Orange, Lichenologist 44(3): 305 (2012)

4. H. orae Orange, Lichenologist 44(3): 314 (2012)

5. H. oceanica Orange, Lichenologist 44(3): 312 (2012)

6. H. maura (Wahlenb.) C. Keller, Gueidan & Ths, Taxon 58(1): 194 (2009)

Mastodia Hook. f. & Harv.: 499 (1847)

1. M. tessellata (Hook. f. & Harv.) Hook. f. & Harv., Bot. Antarc. Voy.: 499 (1847)

Verrucaria Schrad., Spicilegium Florae Germanicae: 108 (1794)

1. V. adguttata Zahlbr. Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 104: 250 (1941)

2. V. allantoidea H. Harada, Nova Hedwigia 60(1–2): 75 (1995)

3. V. ceuthocarpa Wahlenb., in Acharius, Method Lich.: 22 (1803)

4. V. corallensis P.M. McCarthy, Australas. Lichenol. 63: 17 (2008)

5. V. ditmarsica Erichs., Schr. Naturw. Ver. Schles.-Holst. 22: 90 (1937)

6. V. erichsenii Zschacke, Verh. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 70: 192 (1928)

7. V. halizoa Leight., Lich.-Fl. Great Brit.: 436 (1871)

8. V. halochlora H. Harada, Nova Hedwigia 60(1–2): 74 (1995)

9. V. microsporoides Nyl., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 8: 759 (1863) [1861]

10. V. paulula Sandst., Helgolander Wiss. Meeresunters. 16: 5 (1925)

11. V. psychrophila I.M. Lamb, Discovery Repts. 25: 18 (1948)

12. V. sandstedei B. de Lesd., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 58(8): 662 (1912)

13. V. serpuloides I.M. Lamb, Discovery Repts. 25: 20 (1948)

14. V. sessilis P.M. McCarthy, N. Z. Jl Bot. 29(3): 285 (1991)

15. V. subdiscreta P.M. McCarthy, Muelleria 7(3): 327 (1991)

16. V. thalassina (Zahlbr.) Zschacke, Rabenh. Krypt.-Fl., Edn 2 (Leipzig) 9.1(1): 132 (1933)

Gueid

Wahlenbergiella Gueidan & Thüs, Taxon 58(1): 199 (2009)

1. W. mucosa (Wahlenb.) Gueidan & Ths, Taxon 58(1): 200 (2009)

2. W. striatula (Wahlenb.) Gueidan & Ths, Taxon 58(1): 200 (2009)

3. W. tavaresiae (R.L. Moe) Gueidan, Ths & Prez-Ort., Bryologist 114(3): 567 (2011)


Class: Laboulbeniomycetes Engl., Natrl. Pflanzenfam.: vi (1897)


1. LABOUBENIALES Lindau, Natrl Pflanzenfam: 491 (1897)

Laboulbeniaceae G. Winter, Rabenh. Krypt.-Fl.: 918 (1886)

Laboulbenia Mont. & C.P. Robin, Histoire naturelle des vgtaux parasites qui croissent sur l’homme et sur les animaux vivants: 622 (1853)

1. L. marina F. Picard, C. R. Soc. Biol., Paris 65: 484 (1908)

Eurotiomycetes incertae sedis

Dactylosporaceae Bellem. & Hafellner, Cryptog. Mycol. 3: 79 (1982)

Dactylospora Krb., Syst. Lich. Germ.: 271 (1855)

1. D. canariensis Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycotaxon 67: 248 (1998)

2. #D. haliotrepha (Kohlm. & E. Kohlm.) Hafellner, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 62: 111 (1979)

3. D. mangrovei E.B.G. Jones, Alias, Abdel-Wahab & S.Y. Hsieh, Mycoscience 40(4): 317 (1999)

4. #D. vrijmoediae K.L. Pang, S.Y. Guo, Alias, Hafellner & E.B.G. Jones, Bot. Mar. 57(4): 317 (2014)

Class: Leotiomycetes O.E. Erikss. & Winka, Myconet 1: 7 (1997)

Subclass: Leotiomycetidae


1. HELOTIALES Nannf. ex Korf & Lizon, Mycotaxon 75: 501 (2000)

Helotiaceae Rehm, Rabenhorst’s Kryptogamen-Flora, Pilze - Ascomyceten 1(3): 647 (1886)

Amylocarpus Curr., Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B Biol. Sci. 9: 122 (1859)

1. #A. encephaloides Curr., Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B Biol. Sci. 9: 119 (1859)

Dactylaria Sacc., Michelia 2 (6): 20 (1880)

1. D. humicola G.C. Bhatt & W.B. Kendr., Canadian Journal of Botany 46 (10): 1256 (1968)

Leotiaceae Corda, Icones fungorum hucusque cognitorum 5: 37 (1842)

Calycina Nees ex Gray, A natural arrangement of British plants 1: 669 (1821)

1. #C. marina (W. Phillips ex Boyd) T. Rm, Baral, O.E. Eriks., Bot. Mar. [In Press]

*Halenospora E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 35: 154 (2009)

1. #H. varia (Anastasiou) E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 35: 154 (2009)

*Pezoloma Clem., The genera of Fungi: 86, 175 (1909)

1. #P. ericae (D.J. Read) Baral, in Baral & Krieglsteiner, Acta Mycologica, Warszawa 41(1): 16 (2006)

Leptodontidiaceae Hern.-Restr., Crous & Gené, Studies in Mycology 86: 81 (2017)

Leptodontidium de Hoog, Taxon 28: 347 (1979)

1. L. orchidicola Sigler & Currah, Canadian Journal of Botany 65 (12): 2476 (1987)

Myxotrichaceae Locq. ex Currah, Mycotaxon 24: 103 (1985)

*Pseudogymnoascus Raillo, Zentbl. Bakt. ParasitKde, Abt. II 78: 520 (192

1. #P. pannorum (Link) Minnis & D.L. Lindner, Fungal Biol. 117(9): 646 (2013)

Sclerotiniaceae Whetzel, Mycologia 37(6): 652 (1945)

Botrytis P. Micheli ex Haller, Historia stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae inchoata: 111 (1768)

1. B. cinerea Pers., Neues Magazin fr die Botanik. 1: 126, t. 3:9 (1794)

*Botryophialophora Linder, Farlowia 1(3): 403 (1944)

1. B. marina Linder, Farlowia 1(3): 404 (1944)

Vibrisseaceae Korf, Mycosystema 3: 23 (1990)

Vibrissea Fr., Syst. Mycol. 2: 31 (1822)

1. V. nypicola K.D. Hyde & Alias, Mycol. Res. 103(11): 1419 (1999)

Dermateaceae Fr., [as ‘Dermatei’], Summa veg. Scand. 2: 345 (1849)

Belonium Sacc., Bot. Central. 18: 219 (1884)

1. B. heteromorphum (Ellis & Everh.) Seaver, The North American Cup-fungi (Inoperculates) (3): 174 (1951)

Hyaloscyphaceae Nannf., Nova Acta R. Soc. Scient. Upsal. 8(2): 258 (1932)

Brunnipila Baral, Beih. Z. Mykol. 6: 49 (1985)

1. B. palearum (Desm.) Baral, Beih. Z. Mykol. 6: 51 (1985)

Lachnum Retz., Fl scand prodr., Edn altera: 329 (1795)

1. L. spartinae S.A. Cantrell, Mycotaxon 57: 482 (1996)


2. THELEBOLALES P.F. Cannon, Dictionary of the fungi: XI (2001)

Thelebolaceae (Brumm.) Eckblad, Nytt Mag. Bot. 15(1–2): 22 (1968)

Antarctomyces Stchigel & Guarro, Mycol. Res. 105(3): 378 (2001)

1. A. psychrotrophicus Stchigel & Guarro, Mycol. Res. 105(3): 378 (2001)

Thelebolus Tode, Fungi Mecklenburgenses Selecti 1: 41 (1790)

1.#Th. balaustiformis E. Bovio, L. Garzoli, A. Poli, V. Prigione, G.C. Varese, Fungal Systematics and Evolution 1: 154 (2018)

2. #Th. microsporus (Berk. & Broome) Kimbr., Annual Report of the Institute for Fermentation Osaka 3: 50 (1967)

3. #Th. spongiae E. Bovio, L. Garzoli, A. Poli, V. Prigione, G.C. Varese, Fungal Systematics and Evolution 1: 158 (2018)

Helotiales incertae sedis

Cadophora Lagerb. & Melin, Svenska Skogsvrdsfreningens Tidskr 2(2–4): 263 (1928)

1. C. malorum (Kidd & Beaumont) W. Gams, Stud. Mycol. 45: 188 (2000)

Gloeotinia M. Wilson, Noble & E.G. Gray, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 37(1): 31 (1954)

1. #G. granigena (Qul.) T. Schumach., Mycotaxon 8(1): 125 (1979)

2. G. juncorum (Velen.) Baral, Beih. Z. Mykol. 6: 17 (1985)

3. G. tremulenta (Prill. & Delacr.) M. Wilson, Noble & E.G. Gray, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 37(1): 29 (1954)

*Scytalidium Pesante, Annali della Sperimentazione Agaria 11 (suppl.): 264 (1957)

1. S. infestans Iwatsu, Udagawa & Hatai, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 31(3): 391 (1990)

*Tiarosporella Hhn. in Weese, in Weese, Ber. dt. bot. Ges. 37: 159 (1919)

1. T. halmyra Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycotaxon 59: 79 (1996)

Leotiomycetes incertae sedis

*Geomyces Traaen, Nytt. Mag. Natur. 52: 28 (1914)

1. G. pannorum (Link) Sigler & J.W. Carmich., Mycotaxon 4(2): 377 (1976)

Pseudogymnoascus Raillo, Zentralblatt fr Bakteriologie und Parasitenkunde Abteilung 2 78: 520 (1929)

1. P. roseus Raillo, Zentralblatt fr Bakteriologie und Parasitenkunde Abteilung 2 78: 520 (1929)


Class: Lichinomycetes Reeb, Lutzoni & Cl. Roux, Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 32: 1055 (2004)

Subclass: Lichinomycetidae


1. LICHINALES Henssen & Bdel, Syst. Ascomyc. 5: 138 (1986)

Lichinaceae Nyl., Mm. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 2: 8 (1854)

Lichina C. Agardh, Syn. Alg. Scand.: xii, 9 (1817)

1. L. confinis (O.F. Mll.) C. Agardh, Spec. Alg. 1: 105 (1821)

2. L. pygmaea (Lightf.) C. Agardh, Syn. Alg. Scand.: xii, 9 (1817)


Subclass: Arthonomycetidae

Family incertae sedis

Melaspileaceae Walt. Watson, New Phytol. 28: 94 (1929)

Melaspilea Nyl., Act. Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 21: 416 (1857)

1. M. mangrovei Vrijmoed, K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Res. 100(3): 293 (1996)


1. ARTHONIALES Henssen ex D. Hawksw. & O.E. Erikss., Syst. Ascomyc. 5: 177 (1986)

Roccellaceae Chevall., [as ‘Rocellaceae’], Fl. Gn. Env. Paris 1: 604 (1826)

Halographis Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 66(6): 1138 (1988)

1. H. runica Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 66(6): 1138 (1988)


Class: Orbiliomycetes O.E. Erikss. & Baral, Myconet 9: 96 (2003)

Subclass: Orbiliomycetidae

1. ORBILIALES Baral, O.E. Erikss., G. Marson & E. Weber, Myconet 9: 96 (2003)

Orbiliaceae Nannf., Nova Acta R. Soc. Scient. Upsal. 8(2): 250 (1932)

*Arthrobotrys Corda, Pracht.-Fl. Eu.r Schimmelbild.: 43 (1839)

1. A. arthrobotryoides (Berl.) Lindau, Rabenh. Krypt.-Fl., Edn 2 (Leipzig) 1.8: 371 (1906) [1907]

2. A. brochopaga (Drechsler) S. Schenck, W.B. Kendr. & Pramer, Can. J. Bot. 55(8): 982 (1977)

3. A. cladodes var. cladodes Drechsler, Mycologia 29(4): 463 (1937)

4. A. conoides Drechsler, Mycologia 29(4): 476 (1937)

5. A. dactyloides Drechsler, Mycologia 29(4): 486 (1937)

6. A. eudermata (Drechsler) M. Scholler, Hagedorn & A. Rubner, Sydowia 51(1): 102 (1999)

7. A. javanica (Rifai & R.C. Cooke) Jarow., Acta Mycologica, Warszawa 6(2): 373 (1970)

8. A. mangrovispora Swe, Jeewon, Pointing & K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 51(4): 332 (2008)

9. A. musiformis Drechsler, Mycologia 29(4): 481 (1937)

10. A. oligospora Fresen., Beitr. Mykol. 1: 18 (1850)

11. A. polycephala (Drechsler) Rifai, Reinwardtia 7(4): 371 (1968)

12. A. pyriformis (Juniper) Schenk, W.B. Kendr. & Pramer, Can. J. Bot. 55(8): 984 (1977)

13. A. superba Corda, Pracht.-Fl. Eur. Schimmelbild.: 43 (1839)

14. A. thaumasius (Drechsler) S. Schenck, W.B. Kendr. & Pramer [as ‘thaumasia’], Can. J. Bot. 55(8): 984 (1977)

15. A. vermicola (R.C. Cooke & Satchuth.) Rifai, Reinwardtia 7(4): 371 (1968)

*Dactylellina M. Morelet, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Arch. Toulon et du Var 178: 6 (1968)

1. #D. ellipsospora (Preuss) M. Scholler, Hagedorn & A. Rubner, Sydowia 51(1): 110 (1999)

2. #D. haptotyla (Drechsler) M. Scholler, Hagedorn & A. Rubner, Sydowia 51(1): 110 (1999)

3. D. huisuniana (J.L. Chen, T.L. Huang & Tzean) M. Scholler, Hagedorn & A. Rubner, Sydowia 51(1): 111 (1999)

4. #D. lysipaga (Drechsler) M. Scholler, Hagedorn & A. Rubner, Sydowia 51(1): 111 (1999)

*Drechslerella Subram., J. Ind. Bot. Soc. 42: 299 (1963)

1. D. aphrobrocha (Drechsler) M. Scholler, Hagedorn & A. Rubner, Sydowia 51(1): 99 (1999)

*Dactylella Grove, J. Bot. Br. Foreign 22: 199 (1884)

1. D. beijingensis Xing Z. Liu, C.Y. Shen & W.F. Chiu, Mycosystema 5: 113 (1992)

2. D. aquatica (Ingold) Ranzoni, Farlowia 4: 360 (1953)

Dactylaria Sacc., Michelia 2 (6): 20 (1880)

1. D. purpurella (Sacc.) Sacc., Michelia 2(no. 6): 20 (1880)

*Gamsylella M. Scholler, Hagedorn & A. Rubner, Sydowia 51(1): 108 (1999)

1. G. gephyropaga (Drechsler) M. Scholler, Hagedorn & A. Rubner, Sydowia 51(1): 108 (1999)

*Geniculifera Rifai, Mycotaxon 2(2): 214 (1975)

1. G. bogoriensis (Rifai) Rifai, Mycotaxon 2(2): 216 (1975)

*Monacrosporium Oudem., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 4: 250 (1885)

1. #M. cionopagum (Drechsler) Subram., J. Indian Bot. Soc. 42: 293 (1964)

2. #M. drechsleri (Tarjan) R.C. Cooke & C.H. Dickinson, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 48(4): 623 (1965)

3. #M. ellipsosporum (Preuss) R.C. Cooke & C.H. Dickinson, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 48(4): 622 (1965)

4. #M. thaumasium (Drechsler) de Hoog & Oorschot, Stud. Mycol. 26: 120 (1985)


Class: Sordariomycetes O.E. Erikss. & Winka, Myconet 1: 10 (1997)

Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae O.E. Erikss. & Winka, Myconet 1(1): 6 (1997)


1. HYPOCREALES Lindau, Natrl. Pflanzenfam.: 343 (1897)

Bionectriaceae Samuels & Rossman, Stud. Mycol. 42: 15 (1999)

Bionectria Speg., Boln Acad. Nac. Cienc. Crdoba 579: 563 (1919)

1. #B. ochroleuca (Schwein.) Schroers & Samuels, Z. Mykol. 63(2): 151 (1997)

Halonectria E.B.G. Jones, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 48(2): 287 (1965)

1. H. milfordensis E.B.G. Jones, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 48(2): 287 (1965)

Heleococcum C.A. Jrg., Botanisk Tidsskrift 37(5): 417 (1922)

1. H. japonense Tubaki, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 8(1): 5 (1967)

*Hydropisphaera Dumort., Comment. bot.: 89 (1822)

1. H. erubescens (Roberge ex Desm.) Rossman & Samuels, Stud. Mycol. 42: 30 (1999)

Kallichroma Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 97: 759 (1993)

1. #K. asperum Abdel-Wahab, Bahkali & E.B.G. Jones, Phytotaxa 260: 69 (2016)

2. # K. ellipsoideum Abdel-Wahab, Bahkali & E.B.G. Jones, Phytotaxa 260: 70 (2016

3. K. glabrum (Kohlm.) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 97(6): 759 (1993)

4. #K. tethys (Kohlm. & E. Kohlm.) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 97(6): 759 (1993)

Pronectria Clem., The genera of Fungi: 78: 282 (1931)

1. P. laminariae (O.E. Erikss.) Lowen, Mycotaxon 39: 461 (1990)

Sesquicillium W. Gams, Acta Botanica Neerlandica 17: 455 (1968)

1. S. microsporum (Jaap) Veenb.-Rijks & W. Gams, Cephalosporium-artige Schimmelpilze: 226 (1971)

Hypocreaceae De Not., G. Bot. Ital. 2: 48 (1844)

*Acrostalagmus Corda, Icon. fung. 2: 15 (1838)

1. A. luteoalbus (Link) Zare, W. Gams & Schroers [as ‘luteo-albus’], Mycol. Res. 108(5): 581 (2004)

*Gliocladium Corda, Icon. fung. 4: 30 (1840)

1. G. roseum Bainier, Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 23: 111 (1907)

Hypocrea Fr., Syst. Orb. Veg. 1: 104 (1825)

1. #H. lixii Pat., Revue Mycol. Toulouse 13(51): 138 (1891)

2. H. vinosa Cooke, Grevillea 8(46): 65 (1879)

*Trichoderma Pers., Neues Mag. Bot. 1: 92 (1794)

1. #T. asperellum Samuels, Lieckf. & Nirenberg, Sydowia 51(1): 81 (1999)

2. #T. atroviride P. Karst., Bidr. K nn. Finl. Nat. Folk 51: 363 (1892)

3. T. aureoviride Rifai, Mycol. Pap. 116: 34 (1969)

4. T. citrinoviride Bissett, Can. J. Bot. 62(5): 926 (1984)

5. T. citrinum (Pers.: Fr.) Jaklitsch, W. Gams & Voglmayr, Mycotaxon 126: 147 (2014)

6. T. deliquescens (Sopp) Jaklitsch, Fungal Divers. 48: 176 (2011)

7. T. hamatum (Bonord.) Bainier, Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 22: 131 (1906)

8. #T. harzianum Rifai, Mycol. Pap. 116: 38 (1969)

9. T. polysporum (Link) Rifai, Mycological Papers 116: 18 (1969)

10. #T. stilbohypoxyli Samuels & Schroers, in Samuels et al., Stud. Mycol. 56: 128 (2006)

11. #T. koningii Oudem., Arch. N erl. 7: 291 (1902)

12. T. longibrachiatum Rifai, Mycol. Pap. 116: 42 (1969)

13. T. pseudokoningii Rifai, Mycol. Pap. 116: 45 (1969)

14. #T. virens (J.H. Mill., Giddens & A.A. Foster) Arx, Beih Nova Hedwigia 87: 288 (1987)

15. #T. viride Pers., Neues Mag Bot 1: 92 (1794)

Stachybotryaceae L. Lombard & Crous, Persoonia 32: 283 (2014)

*Stachybotrys Corda, Icon. Fung. 1: 21 (1837)

1. S. atra Corda, Icon. Fung. (Prague) 1: 21 (1837)

2. #S. chartarum (Ehrenb.) S. Hughes, Can. J. Bot. 36(6): 812 (1958)

3. #S. chlorohalonata B. Andersen & Thrane, Mycologia 95(6): 1228 (2004)

4. S. kampalensis Hansf., Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. 155: 45 (1943)

5. S. mangiferae P.C. Misra & S.K. Srivast., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 78(3): 556 (1982)

6. S. nephrospora Hansf., Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. 155: 45 (1943)

Nectriaceae Tul. & C. Tul., Selecta Fungorum Carpologia: Nectriei- Phacidiei- Pezizei 3: 3 (1865)

Cosmospora Rabenh., Hedwigia: 59 (1862)

1. C. butyri (J.F.H. Beyma) Gr fenhan, Seifert & Schroers, Stud. Mycol. 68: 96 (2011)

Cylindrocarpon Wollenw., Phytopathology 1: 225 (1913)

1. C. cylindroides Wollenw., Phytopath. 1: 212, 225 (1913)

Fusicolla Bonord., Handbuch der allgemeinen Mykologie: 150 (1851)

1. F. aquaeductuum (Radlk. & Rabenh.) Gr fenhan, Seifert & Schroers, Stud. Mycol. 68: 100 (2011)

*Fusarium Link, Mag Gesell Natur Freunde Berlin 3: 10 (1809)

1. #F. chlamydosporum Wollenw. & Reinking, Phytopath. 15 (3): 156 (1925)

2. F. heterosporum Nees & T. Nees, Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 9: 235 (1818)

3. F. incarnatum (Roberge) Sacc., Sylloge Fungorum 4: 712 (1886)

4. F. oxysporum Schltdl., Flora Berolinensis Parsecunda: Cryptogamia: 106 (1824)

5. #F. proliferatum (Matsush.) Nirenberg ex Gerlach & Nirenberg, Mitt. Biol. Bund. Aust. Land.-U. Forstw. 169: 38 (1982)

6. F. solani (Mart.) Sacc., Michelia 2 (no. 7): 296 (1881)

Gibberella Sacc., Michelia 1 (1): 43 (1877)

1. #G. fujikuroi (Sawada) Wollenw., Z. ParasitKde 3: 514 (1931)

2. G. gordonii C. Booth, The genus Fusarium: 177 (1971)

3. G. tricincta El-Gholl, McRitchie, Schoult. & Ridings, Can. J. Bot. 56(18): 2206 (1978)

Haematonectria Samuels & Nirenberg, Stud. Mycol. 42: 134 (1999)

1. #H. haematococca (Berk. & Broome) Samuels & Rossman, in Rossman, Samuels, Rogerson & Lowen, Stud. Mycol. 42: 135 (1999)

*Mariannaea G. Arnaud ex Samson, Stud. Mycol. 6: 74 (1974)

1. M. elegans (Corda) Samson, Stud. Mycol. 6: 75 (1974)

Nectria (Fr.) Fr., Summa vegetabilium Scandinaviae 2: 387 (1849)

1. N. pulverulenta Dingley, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 83 (4): 657 (1956)

Neocosmospora E.F. Sm., U.S.D.A. Div. Veg. Pathol. Bull. 17: 45 (1899)

1. N. tenuicristata S. Ueda & Udagawa, Mycotaxon 16(2): 387 (1983)

Payosphaeria W.F. Leong, Bot. Mar. 33: 511 (1990)

1. P. minuta W.F. Leung, in Leong, Tan, Hyde & Jones, Bot. Mar. 33: 511 (1990)

Ophiocordycipitaceae G.H. Sung, J.M. Sung, Hywel-Jones & Spatafora, Stud. Mycol. 57: 35 (2007)

Elaphocordyceps G.H. Sung & Spatafora, Stud. Mycol. 57: 36 (2007)

1. #E. subsessilis (Petch) G.H. Sung, J.M. Sung & Spatafora, in Sung et al., Stud. Mycol. 57: 37 (2007)

Tolypocladium W. Gams, Persoonia 6 (2): 185 (1971)

1. T. cylindrosporum W. Gams, Persoonia 6 (2): 187 (1971)

2. T. geodes W. Gams, Persoonia 6 (2): 187 (1971)

3. T. inflatum W. Gams, Persoonia 6 (2): 185 (1971)


HYPOCREALES incertae sedis

*Acremonium Link, Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin 3(1–2): 15 (1809)

1. A. alternatum Link, Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin 3(1–2): 15 (1809)

2. A. cereale (P. Karst.) W. Gams, Cephalosporium-artige Schimmelpilze: 88 (1971)

3. #A. charticola (Lindau) W. Gams, Cephalosporium-artige Schimmelpilze: 46 (1971)

4. A. chrysogenum (Thirum. & Sukapure) W. Gams, Cephalosporium-artige Schimmelpilze: 109 (1971)

5. #A. fuci Summerb., Zuccaro & W. Gams, Stud. Mycol. 50(1): 288 (2004)

6. A. fusidioides (Nicot) W. Gams, Cephalosporium-artige Schimmelpilze (Stuttgart): 70 (1971)

7. A. furcatum (Moreau & V. Moreau) ex W. Gams, Nova Hedwigia 18: 3 (1969)

8. A. implicatum (J.C. Gilman & E.V. Abbott) W. Gams, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 64(3): 394 (1975)

9. A. luzulae (Fuckel) W. Gams, Cephalosporium-artige Schimmelpilze: 92 (1971)

10. A. neocaledoniae Roquebert & J. Dupont, in Dupont, Bettucci, Pietra, Laurent & Roquebert, Mycotaxon 75: 355 (2000)

11. A. persicinum (Nicot) W. Gams, Cephalosporium-artige Schimmelpilze (Stuttgart): 75 (1971)

12. #A. polychromum (J.F.H. Beyma) W. Gams, Cephalosporium-artige Schimmelpilze (Stuttgart): 81 (1971)

13. A. potronii Vuill., Bull. S anc. Soc. Sci. Nancy, S r. 3 11: 147 (1910)

14. A. rutilum W. Gams, Cephalosporium-artige Schimmelpilze: 105 (1971)

15. A. striatisporum (Onions & G.L. Barron) W. Gams, Cephalosporium-artige Schimmelpilze (Stuttgart): 97 (1971)

16. A. tubakii W. Gams, Cephalosporium-artige Schimmelpilze : 55 (1971)

Emericellopsis J.F.H. Beyma, Anton. van Leeuw. 6: 264 (1940)

1. E. humicola (Cain) Cain ex Grosklags & Swift, Mycologia 49: 306 (1957)

2. E. maritima Beliakova, Mikol. Fitopatol. 4(6): 530 (1970)

3. E. microspora Backus & Orpurt, Mycologia 53: 67 (1961)

4. E. minima Stolk, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 38(4): 419 (1955)

5. E. pallida Beliakova, Mikol. Fitopatol. 8: 386 (1974)

6. E. stolkiae D.E. Davidson & M. Chr., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 57(3): 385 (1971)

*Gliomastix Gueg., Bulletin de la Soci t Mycologique de France 21: 240 (1905)

1. G. murorum (Corda) S. Hughes, Can. J. Bot. 36(6): 769 (1958)

*Myrothecium Tode, Fung. mecklenb. sel. (L neburg) 1: 25 (1790)

1. #M. inundatum Tode, Fung. mecklenb. sel. (L neburg) 1: 25 (1790)

2. M. roridum Tode, Fung. mecklenb. sel. (L neburg) 1: 25 (1790)

3. M. verrucaria (Alb. & Schwein.) Ditmar, in Sturm, Deutschl. Fl., 3 Abt. (Pilze Deutschl.) 1(1): 7 (1813)

*Sarocladium W. Gams & D. Hawksw., Kavaka 3: 57 (1976)

1. S. strictum (W. Gams) Summerb., in Summerbell et al., Stud. Mycol. 68(1): 158 (2011)

2. S. kiliense (Gr tz) Summerbell, Studies in Mycology 68: 158 (2011)

Sedecimiella K.L. Pang, Alias & E.B.G. Jones, Bot. Mar. 53(6): 495 (2010)

1. S. taiwanensis K.L. Pang, Alias & E.B.G. Jones, Bot. Mar. 53(6): 495 (2010)

*Stachylidium Link, Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 3: 15 (1809)

1. S. bicolor Link, Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin 3(1–2): 15 (1809)

Stilbella Lindau, in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., Teil. I (Leipzig): I. Tl., 1. Abt.: Fungi (Eumycetes): 489 (1900)

1. S. aciculosa (Ellis & Everh.) Seifert, Stud. Mycol. 27: 44 (1985)

*Trichothecium Link, Neues J. Bot. 3(1–2): 18 (1809)

1. T. sympodiale Summerb., Seifert & Schroers, in Summerbell et al., Stud. Mycol. 68: 160 (2011)


2. CORONOPHORALES Nannf., Nova Acta R. Soc. Scient. Upsal. 8(2): 54 (1932)

Nitschkiaceae (Fitzp.) Nannf., Nova Acta R. Soc. Scient. Upsal. 8(2): 56 (1932)

Groenhiella J rg. Koch, E.B.G. Jones & S.T. Moss, Bot. Mar. 26: 265 (1983)

1. G. bivestia J rg. Koch, E.B.G. Jones & S.T. Moss, Bot. Mar. 26(6): 265 (1983)


3. MICROASCALES Luttr. ex Benny & Kimbr., Mycotaxon 12(1): 40 (1980)

Halosphaeriaceae E. Mull. & Arx ex Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 50(9): 1951 (1972)

Alisea J. Dupont & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Res. 113(12): 1358 (2009)

1. #A. longicolla J. Dupont & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Res. 113(12): 1358 (2009)

Amphitrite S. Tibell, Svensk Mykologisk Tidskrift 37 (2): 45 (2016)

1. A. annulata S. Tibell, Svensk Mykologisk Tidskrift 37: 45 (2016)

Aniptodera Shearer & M.A. Mill., Mycologia 69(5): 893 (1977)

1. A. aquadulcis (S.Y. Hsieh, H.S. Chang & E.B.G. Jones) J. Campb., J.L. Anderson & Shearer, Mycologia 95(3): 549 (2003)

2. #A. aquibella J. Yang & K.G. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 78: 94 (2016)

3. #A. chesapeakensis Shearer & M.A. Mill., Mycologia 69(5): 894 (1977)

4. A. haispora Vrijmoed, K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Res. 98(6): 701 (1994)

5. A. intermedia K.D. Hyde & Alias, Mycol. Res. 103(11): 1409 (1999)

6. A. juncicola Volkm.-Kohlm. & Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 37(2): 109 (1994)

7. A. limnetica Shearer, Mycologia 81(1): 140 (1989)

8. A. mangrovei K.D. Hyde, Can. J. Bot. 64(12): 2989 (1986)

9. A. nypae K.D. Hyde, Sydowia 46(2): 257 (1994)

10. A. salsuginosa Nakagiri & Tad. Ito, Mycol. Res. 98(8): 931 (1994)

Anisostagma K.R.L. Petersen & J rg. Koch, Mycol. Res. 100: 209 (1996)

1. A. rotundatum K.R.L. Petersen & J rg. Koch, Mycol. Res. 100(2): 211 (1996)

Antennospora Meyers, Mycologia 49: 501 (1957)

1. #A. quadricornuta (Cribb & J.W. Cribb) T.W. Johnson, J. Elisha Mitchell Scient. Soc. 74: 46 (1958)

Aniptosporopsis K.L. Pang, C.L. Lu, W.T. Ju et E.B.G. Jones, Botanica Marina 60: 459 (2017)

1. #A. lignatilis (K.D. Hyde) K.L. Pang, C.L. Lu, W.T. Ju et E.B.G. Jones, Botanica Marina 60: 459 (2017)

Appendichordella R.G. Johnson, E.B.G. Jones & S.T. Moss, Can. J. Bot. 65(5): 941 (1987)

1. A. amicta (Kohlm.) R.G. Johnson, E.B.G. Jones & S.T. Moss, Can. J. Bot. 65(5): 941 (1987)

Arenariomyces Höhnk, Veroff. Inst. Meeresf. Bremerhaven 3: 28 (1954)

1. A. majusculus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 92(4): 411 (1989)

2. A. parvulus J rg. Koch, Nordic J. Bot. 6(4): 497 (1986)

3. #A. trifurcatus Höhnk, Veroff. Inst. Meeresf. Bremerhaven 3: 30 (1954)

4. A. triseptatus Kohlm., Marine Ecology, [Publicazioni della Stazione Zoologica Napoli I] 5(4): 333 (1984)

5. A. truncatellus J rg. Koch, Mycotaxon 124: 70 (2013)

Bathyascus Kohlm., Revue Mycol. 41(2): 190 (1977)

1. B. avicenniae Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 23(8): 530 (1980)

2. B. grandisporus K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 30(5): 413 (1987)

3. B. mangrovei Ravik. & Vittal, Mycol. Res. 95(3): 370 (1991)

4. B. tropicalis Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 23(8): 532 (1980)

5. B. vermisporus Kohlm., Revue Mycol., Paris 41(2): 191 (1977)

Carbosphaerella I. Schmidt, Feddes Repert. 80(2–3): 108 (1969)

1. #C. leptosphaerioides I. Schmidt, Natur Naturschutz Mecklenberg 7: 9 (1969)

2. C. pleosporoides I. Schmidt, Feddes Repert. 80: 108 (1969)

Ceriosporopsis Linder, Farlowia 1: 408 (1944)

1. C. caduca E.B.G. Jones & Zainal, Mycotaxon 32: 238 (1988)

2. C. cambrensis I.M. Wilson, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 37(3): 276 (1954)

3. C. capillacea Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 59(7): 1314 (1981)

4. #C. halima Linder, Farlowia 1(3): 409 (1944)

5. #C. intricata (Jorg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones) Sakay., K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 46: 99 (2011)

6. C. minuta Abdel-Wahab, Nagahama et E.B.G. Jones, Botanica Marina 60: 475 (2017)

7. C. sundica J rg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones, Nordic J. Bot. 6(3): 339 (1986)

Chadefaudia Feldm.-Maz., Revue Generale de Botanique 64: 150 (1957)

1. C. balliae Kohlm., Mycologia 65(1): 244 (1973)

2. C. corallinarum (P. Crouan & H. Crouan) E. M ll. & Arx, The Fungi (London) 4A: 116 (1973)

3. C. gymnogongri (Feldmann) Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 16(4): 202 (1973)

4. C. marina Feldm.-Maz., Rev. Gen. Bot. 64: 150 (1957)

5. C. polyporolithi (Bonar) Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 16(4): 205 (1973)

6. C. schizymeniae Stegenga & Kemperman, Bot. Mar. 27(9): 443 (1984)

Corallicola Volkm.-Kohlm. & Kohlm., Mycotaxon 44(2): 418 (1992)

1. C. nana Volkm.-Kohlm. & Kohlm., Mycotaxon 44(2): 418 (1992)

Corollospora Werderm., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem: 248 (1922)

1. #C. anglusa Abdel-Wahab & Nagah., Mycoscience 50(3): 149 (2009)

2. #C. angusta Nakagiri & Tokura, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 28(4): 417 (1988)

3. C. armoricana Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 67(5): 1281 (1989

4. #C. baravispora Steinke & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 35: 88 (2009)

5. C. besarispora Sundari, Mycol. Res. 100(10): 1259 (1996)

6, C. borealis S. Tibell, Svensk Mykologisk Tidskrift 37 (2): 47 (2016)

7. C. californica Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 40(3): 225 (1997)

8. C. cinnamomea J rg. Koch, Nordic J. Bot. 6(4): 498 (1986)

9. C. colossa Nakagiri & Tokura, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 28(4): 418 (1988)

10. #C. filiformis Nakagiri, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 28(4): 422 (1988)

11. C. fusca Nakagiri & Tokura, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 28(4): 424 (1988)

12. C. gracilis Nakagiri & Tokura, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 28(4): 426 (1988)

13. C. indica Prasann., Ananda & K.R. Sridhar, J. Environ. Biol. 21: 235 (2000)

14. #C. intermedia I. Schmidt, Natur Naturschutz Mecklenberg 7: 6 (1970)

15. #C. lacera (Linder) Kohlm., Ber. Deut. Bot. Ges. 75: 126 (1962)

16. C. luteola Nakagiri & Tubaki, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 23(2): 102 (1982)

17. #C. marina (Haythorn & E.B.G. Jones) E.B.G. Jones, K.L. Pang & Abdel-Wahab, IMA Fungus 7:137 (2016)

18. #C. maritima Werderm., Notizbl. Knigl. Bot. Gart. Museum Berlin 8: 248 (1922)

19. C. mesopotamica Al-Saadoon, Marsh Bulletin 2: 135 (2006)

20. C. novofusca Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 34(1): 34 (1991)

21. #C. parvula (Zuccaro, J.I. Mitchell & Nakagiri) E.B.G. Jones, K.L.Pang & Abdel-Wahab, IMA Fungus 7:137 (2016)

22. #C. portsaidica Abdel-Wahab & Nagah., Mycoscience 50(3): 152 (2009)

23. C. pseudopulchella Nakagiri & Tokura, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 28(4): 428 (1988)

24. #C. pulchella Kohlm., I. Schmidt & N.B. Nair, Ber. Deut. Bot. Ges. 80: 98 (1967)

25. #C. ramulosa (Meyers & Kohlm.) Abdel-Wahab, IMA fungus7:137 (2016)

26. #C. quinqueseptata Nakagiri, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 28(4): 430 (1988)

Cucullosporella K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Mycotaxon 37: 200 (1990)

1. #C. mangrovei (K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones) K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Mycotaxon 37: 200 (1990)

Ebullia K.L. Pang, Mycoscience 56: 40 (2015)

1. #E. octonae (Kohlm.) K.L. Pang, Mycoscience 56: 40 (2015)

Gesasha Abdel-Wahab & Nagahama, Nova Hedwigia 92(3–4): 501 (2011)

1. #G. mangrovei Abdel-Wahab & Nagah., Nova Hedwigia 92(3–4): 507 (2011)

2. #G. peditatus Abdel-Wahab & Nagah., Nova Hedwigia 92(3–4): 502 (2011)

3. #G. unicellularis Abdel-Wahab & Nagah., Nova Hedwigia 92(3–4): 505 (2011)

Haligena Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 3: 87 (1961)

1. #H. elaterophora Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 3: 87 (1961)

Haiyanga K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. 19: 8 (2008)

1. #H. salina (Meyers) K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. 19: 8 (2008)

Halosarpheiasensu stricto Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 68(2): 208 (1977)

1. #H. fibrosa Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 68(2): 208 (1977)

2. #H. japonica Abdel-Wahab & Nagah., Mycol. Progr. 11(1): 89 (2013)

3. #H. trullifera (Kohlm.) E.B.G. Jones, S.T. Moss & Cuomo, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 80(2): 200 (1983)

4. #H. unicellularis Abdel-Wahab & E.B.G. Jones, in Abdel-Wahab, Pang, El-Sharouny & Jones, Mycoscience 42(3): 255 (2001)

Halosarpheia sensu lato

1. H. bentotensis Jorg. Koch, Nordic J. Bot. 2(2): 165 (1982)

2. H. culmiperda Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Mycologia 87(4): 532 (1995)

3. #H. marina (Cribb & J.W. Cribb) Kohlm., Marine Ecology, [Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica Napoli I] 5(4): 345 (1984)

4. H. minuta W.F. Leong, Can. J. Bot. 69(4): 883 (1991)

5. H. phragmiticola Poon & K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 41(2): 143 (1998)

Halosphaeria Linder, Farlowia 1(3): 412 (1944)

1. #H. appendiculata Linder, Farlowia 1(3): 412 (1944)

Halosphaeriopsis T.W. Johnson, J. Elisha Mitchell Scient. Soc. 74: 44 (1958)

1. #H. mediosetigera (Cribb & J.W. Cribb) T.W. Johnson, J. Elisha Mitchell Scient. Soc. 74: 44 (1958)

Havispora K.L. Pang & Vrijmoed, Mycologia 100(2): 293 (2008)

1. #H. longyearbyenensis K.L. Pang & Vrijmoed, Mycologia 100(2): 293 (2008)

Iwilsoniella E.B.G. Jones, Syst. Ascomyc. 10(1): 8 (1991)

1. I. rotunda E.B.G. Jones, Syst. Ascomyc., 10(1): 8 (1991)

Kitesporella Jheng & K.L. Pang, Bot. Mar. 55: 462 (2012)

1. K. keelungensis J.S. Jheng & K.L. Pang, Bot. Mar. 55(5): 462 (2012)

Kochiella Sakay., K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 46: 96 (2011)

1. #K. crispa (Kohlm.) Sakay., K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 46: 96 (2011)

Lautisporopsis E.B.G. Jones, Yusoff & S.T. Moss, Mycotaxon 67: 1 (1998)

1. L. circumvestita (Kohlm.) E.B.G. Jones, Yusoff & S.T. Moss, Can. J. Bot. 72(10): 1558 (1994)

Lignincola Höhnk, Veroff. Inst. Meeresf. Bremerhaven 3: 216 (1955)

1. L. conchicola J.K. Liu, E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Mycotaxon 117: 344 (2011)

2. #L. laevis Höhnk, Ver ff. Inst. Meeresf. Bremerhaven 3: 216 (1955)

3. L. nypae K.D. Hyde & Alias, in Hyde, Goh, Lu & Alias, Mycol. Res. 103(11): 1417 (1999)

4. #L. tropica Kohlm., Marine Ecology [Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica Napoli I] 5(4): 355 (1984)

Limacospora Jörg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 73(7): 1011 (1995)

1. L. sundica (Jörg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones) Jörg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 73(7): 1013 (1995)

Luttrellia Shearer, Mycologia 70(3): 692 (1978)

1. L. estuarina Shearer, Mycologia 70(3): 693 (1978)

Magnisphaera J. Campbell, J.L. Anderson & Shearer, Mycologia 95(3): 546 (2003)

1. #M. spartinae (E.B.G. Jones) J. Campb., J.L. Anderson & Shearer, Mycologia 95(3): 547 (2003)

Marinospora A.R. Caval., Nova Hedwigia 11: 548 (1966)

1. M. calyptrata (Kohlm.) A.R. Caval., Nova Hedwigia 11: 548 (1966)

2. #M. longissima (Kohlm.) A.R. Caval., Nova Hedwigia 11: 548 (1966)

Moana Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 92 (4): 418 (1989)

1. M. turbinulata Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 92(4): 418 (1989)

Morakotiella Sakay., Mycologia 97(4): 806 (2005)

1. #M. salina (C.A. Farrant & E.B.G. Jones) Sakay., Mycologia 97(4): 806 (2005)

Nais Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 4: 409 (1962)

1. #N. inornata Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 4: 409 (1962)

Natantispora J. Campbell, J.L. Anderson & Shearer, Mycologia 95(3): 543 (2003)

1. #N. lotica (Shearer) J. Campb., J.L. Anderson & Shearer, Mycologia 95(3): 543 (2003)

2. #N. retorquens (Shearer & J.L. Crane) J. Campb., J.L. Anderson & Shearer, Mycologia 95(3): 543 (2003)

3. #N. unipolarae K.L. Pang, S.Y. Guo & E.B.G. Jones, In Liu et al. Fungal Divers. 72:19 (2015)

Nautosphaeria E.B.G. Jones, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 47(1): 97 (1964)

1. #N. cristaminuta E.B.G. Jones, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 47(1): 97 (1964)

Neptunella K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Progr. 2(1): 35 (2003)

1. #N. longirostris (Cribb & J.W. Cribb) K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Progr. 2(1): 35 (2003)

Nereiospora E.B.G. Jones, R.G. Johnson & S.T. Moss, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 87(2): 204 (1983)

1. #N. comata (Kohlm.) E.B.G. Jones, R.G. Johnson & S.T. Moss, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 87(2): 206 (1983)

2. #N. cristata (Kohlm.) E.B.G. Jones, R.G. Johnson & S.T. Moss, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 87(2): 206 (1983)

Nimbospora J. Koch, Nordic J. Bot. 2(2): 166 (1982)

1. N. bipolaris K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 63(3): 611 (1985)

2. #N. effusa Jrg. Koch, Nordic J. Bot. 2(2): 166 (1982)

Nohea Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascomyc. 10: 121 (1991)

1. #N. umiumi Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascomyc. 10: 122 (1991)

2. N. delmarensis (Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm.) Abdel-Wahab, Mycotaxon 115: 448 (2011)

3. #N. spinibarbata (Jrg. Koch) Abdel-Wahab, Mycotaxon 115: 448 (2011)

Oceanitis Kohlm., Revue Mycol. 41(2): 193 (1977)

1. #O. cincinnatula (Shearer & J.L. Crane) J. Dupont & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Res. 113(12): 1357 (2009)

2. #O. scuticella Kohlm., Revue Mycol., Paris 41(2): 194 (1977)

3. #O. unicaudata (E.B.G. Jones & Camp.-Als.) J. Dupont & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Res. 113(12): 1357 (2009

4. #O. viscidula (Kohlm. & E. Kohlm.) J. Dupont & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Res. 113(12): 1358 (2009)

Ocostaspora E.B.G. Jones, R.G. Johnson & S.T Moss, Bot. Mar. 26: 353 (1983)

1. #O. apilongissima E.B.G. Jones, R.G. Johnson & S.T. Moss, Bot. Mar. 26(7): 354 (1983)

Okeanomyces K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 146(2): 228 (2004)

1. #O. cucullatus (Kohlm.) K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 146(2): 228 (2004)

Ondiniella E.B.G. Jones, R.G. Johnson & S.T. Moss, Bot. Mar. 27: 136 (1984)

1. #O. torquata (Kohlm.) E.B.G. Jones, R.G. Johnson & S.T. Moss, Bot. Mar. 27(3): 136 (1984)

Ophiodeira Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 66 (10): 2062 (1988)

1. #O. monosemeia Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 66(10): 2062 (1988)

Paraaniptodera K.L. Pang, C.L. Lu, W.T. Ju et E.B.G. Jones, Botanica Marina 60: 460 (2017)

1. P. longispora (K.D. Hyde) K.L. Pang, C.L. Lu, W.T. Ju et E.B.G. Jones, Botanica Marina 60: 460 (2017)

Praelongicaulis E.B.G. Jones, Abdel-Wahab, & K.L. Pang, gen. nov. Fungal Divers. 73: 54 (2015)

1. #P. kandeliae (Abdel-Wahab & E.B.G. Jones) E.B.G. Jones, Abdel-Wahab, & K.L. Pang, comb. nov. Fungal Divers. 73: 54 (2015)

Panorbis J. Campbell, J.L. Anderson & Shearer, Mycologia 95(3): 544 (2003)

1. #P. viscosus (I. Schmidt) J. Campb., J.L. Anderson & Shearer, Mycologia 95(3): 544 (2003)

Pileomyces K.L. Pang & Jheng, Bot. Stud. 53: 536 (2012)

1. #P. formosanus K.L. Pang & J.S. Jheng, Bot. Stud. 53: 536 (2012)

Pseudolignincola Chatmala & E.B.G. Jones, Nova Hedwigia 83(1–2): 225 (2006)

1. #P. siamensis Chatmala & E.B.G. Jones, in Jones, Chatmala & Pang, Nova Hedwigia 83(1–2): 226 (2006)

Remispora Linder, Farlowia 1(3): 409 (1944)

1. #R. maritima Linder, Farlowia 1: 410 (1944)

2. R. minuta E.B.G. Jones, K.L. Pang & Vrijmoed, Can. J. Bot. 82(4): 486 (2004)

3. #R. pileata Kohlm. Nova Hedwigia 6(3–4): 319 (1963)

4. #R. spitsbergensis K.L. Pang & Vrijmoed, Mycologia 101(4): 533 (2009)

5. #R. stellata Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 2: 334 (1960)

6. #R. quadri-remis (Höhnk) Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 2: 332 (1960)

Saagaromyces K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Progr. 2(1): 35 (2003)

1. #S. abonnis (Kohlm.) K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol Progr 2(1): 35 (2003)

2. #S. glitra (J.L. Crane & Shearer) K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Progr. 2(1): 35 (2003)

3. #S. mangrovei Abdel-Wahab, Bahkali & E.B.G. Jones, In: Liu et al. Fungal Divers. 72:32 (2015)

4. #S. ratnagiriensis (S.D. Patil & Borse) K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, in Pang, Vrijmoed, Kong & Jones, Mycol. Progr. 2(1): 35 (2003)

Sablecola E.B.G. Jones & K.L. Pang & Vrijmoed, Can. J. Bot. 82(4): 486 (2004)

1. #S. chinensis E.B.G. Jones, K.L. Pang & Vrijmoed, Can. J. Bot. 82(4): 486 (2004)

Thalassogena Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascomyc. 6: 223 (1987)

1. Th. sphaerica Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascomyc. 6(2): 225 (1987)

Thalespora Chatmala & E.B.G. Jones, Nova Hedwigia 83(1–2): 228 (2006)

1. #T. appendiculata Chatmala & E.B.G. Jones, in Jones, Chatmala & Pang, Nova Hedwigia 83(1–2): 229 (2006)

Tinhaudeus K.L. Pang, S.Y. Guo & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 75: 160 (2015)

1. #T. formosanus K.L. Pang, S.Y. Guo &E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 75: 164 (2015)

Tirispora E.B.G. Jones & Vrijmoed, Can. J. Bot. 72(9): 1373 (1994)

1. T. mandoviana V.V. Sarma & K.D. Hyde, Australas. Mycol. 19(2): 52 (2000)

2. #T. unicaudata E.B.G. Jones & Vrijmoed, in Jones, Vrijmoed, Read & Moss, Can. J. Bot. 72(9): 1373 (1994)

Toriella Sakay., K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 46(1): 99 (2011)

1. T. tubulifera (Kohlm.) Sakay., K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 46(1): 100 (2011)

Trailia G.K. Sutherl., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 5: 149 (1915)

1. T. ascophylli G.K. Sutherl., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 5(1): 149 (1915)

Trichomaris Hibbits, G.C. Hughes & Sparks, Can. J. Bot. 59(11): 2123 (1981)

1. T. invadens Hibbits, G.C. Hughes & Sparks, Can. J. Bot. 59(11): 2123 (1981)

Tubakiella Sakay., K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 46: 97 (2011)

1. #T. galerita (Tubaki) Sakay., K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. 46: 99 (2011)

Tunicatispora K.D. Hyde, Aust. Syst. Bot. 3: 712 (1990)

1. T. australiensis K.D. Hyde, Aust. Syst. Bot. 3(4): 712 (1990)

Microascaceae Luttr. ex Malloch, Mycologia 62: 734 (1970)

Acaulium Sopp, Skrifter udgivne af Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania. Mathematisk-Naturvidenskabelig Klasse 11: 42 (1912)

1. A. acremonium (Delacr.) Sandoval-Denis, Guarro & Gen, Studies in Mycology 83: 199 (2016)

Cephalotrichum Link, Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschenden Freunde Berlin 3 (1): 20 (1809)

1. C. stemonitis (Pers.) Nees, Magazin der Gesellschaft Naturforschenden Freunde Berlin 3 (1): 20 (1809)

Microascus Zukal, Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft Wien 35: 342 (1885)

1. #M. brevicaulis S.P. Abbott, in Abbott, Sigler & Currah, Mycologia 90(2): 298 (1998)

2. M. paisii (Pollacci) Sandoval-Denis, Gen & Guarro, Persoonia 36: 21 (2016)

3. M. trigonosporus C.W. Emmons & B.O. Dodge, Mycologia 23(5): 317 (1931)

Petriella Curzi, Bolletino della Stazione di Patologia Vegetale Roma 10: 384 (1930)

1. P. sordida (Zukal) G.L. Barron & J.C. Gilman, Can. J. Bot. 39: 839 (1961)

Pseudallescheria Negr. & I. Fisch., Revista Inst. Bacteriol. ‘Dr. Carlos G. Malbrn’ 12(201): 5–9 (1944)

1. Ph. boydii (Shear) McGinnis, A.A. Padhye & Ajello, Mycotaxon 14(1): 97 (1982)

*Scopulariopsis Bainier, Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 23: 98 (1907)

1. S. brumptii Salv.-Duval, Thèse Fac Pharm Paris 23: 58 (1935)

2. S. candida Vuill., Bull. Soc. Mycol. Fr. 27(2): 143 (1911)

3. S. halophilica Tubaki, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 14(4): 367 (1973)

4. S. hibernica A. Mangan, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 48 (3): 617 (1965)

Wardomyces F.T. Brooks & Hansf., Transactions of the British Mycological Society 8 (3): 137 (1923)

1. W. anomalus F.T. Brooks & Hansf., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 8 (3): 137 (1923)


4. GLOMERELLALES Chadef. ex Rblov, W. Gams & Seifert, Stud. Mycol. 68: 170 (2011)

Plectosphaerellaceae W. Gams, Summerbell & Zare, Nova Hedwigia 85(3–4): 476 (2007)

Plectosphaerella Kleb., Phytopath. Z. 1: 43 (1930)

1. #P. oratosquillae (P.M. Duc, Yaguchi & Udagawa) A.J.L. Phillips, A. Carlucci & M.L. Raimondo, Persoonia 28: 43 (2012)

2. P. cucumerina (Lindf.) W. Gams, Persoonia 5 (2): 179 (1968)

Verticillium Nees, System der Pilze und Schwmme: 56 (1817)

1. V. dahliae Kleb., Mycologisches Centralblatt 3: 66 (1913)


5. PLEUROTHECIALES Réblová & Seifert, Persoonia 37: 63 (2016)

Pleurotheciaceae Réblová & Seifert, Persoonia 37: 63 (2016)

*Phaeoisaria Hhn., Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften Math.-naturw. Klasse Abt. I 118: 330 (1909)

1. #Ph. sedimenticola X.L. Cheng & Wei Li, Mycologia 127: 20 (2014)


6. TORPEDOSPORALES E.B.G. Jones. Abdel-Wahab & K.L. Pang, Fungal Divers. (2015) Fungal Diversity 73: 43 (2015)

Juncigenaceae E.B.G. Jones, Abdel-Wahab & K.L. Pang, Cryptog. Mycol. 35(2): 133 (2014)

Khaleijomyces Abdel-Wahab, Phytotaxa 340 (3): 289 (2018)

1. # Kh. marinus Abdel-Wahab, Phytotaxa 340 (3): 289 (2018)

Juncigena Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 40: 291 (1997)

1. #J. adarca Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 40(4): 291 (1997)

2. #J. fruticosae (Abdel-Wahab, Abdel-Aziz & Nagah.) A.N. Mill. & Shearer, in Réblová et al., IMA Fungus 7(1): 139 (2016)

Fulvocentrum E.B.G. Jones & Abdel-Wahab, Cryptog. Mycol. 35(1): 131 (2014)

1. #F. aegyptiaca (Abdel-Wahab, El-Sharouney & E.B.G. Jones) E.B.G. Jones & Abdel-Wahab, Cryptog. Mycol. 35(1): 1321 (2014)

2. #F. clavatisporium (Abdel-Wahab, El-Sharouney & E.B.G. Jones) E.B.G. Jones & Abdel-Wahab, Cryptog. Mycol. 35(1): 132 (2014)

3. #F. rubrum Abdel-Wahab & E.B.G. Jones Nov. Hedwigia (in press)

Marinokulati E.B.G. Jones & K.L. Pang, Cryptog. Mycol. 35(1): 132 (2014)

1. #M. chaetosa (Kohlm.) E.B.G. Jones & K.L. Pang, Cryptog. Mycol. 35(1): 132 (2014)

Etheirophoraceae Rungjindamai, Somrithipol & Suetrong, Cryptog. Mycol. 35(2): 134 (2014)

Etheirophora Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 92(4): 414 (1989)

1. E. bijubata Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 92(4): 414 (1989)

2. E. blepharospora (Kohlm. & E. Kohlm.) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 92(4): 415 (1989)

3. E. unijubata Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 92(4): 415 (1989)

Swampomyces Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 30: 198 (1987)

1. #S. armeniacus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 30(3): 200 (1987)

2. #S. triseptatus K.D. Hyde & Nakagiri, Sydowia 44(2): 122 (1992)

Torpedosporaceae E.B.G. Jones & K.L. Pang, Cryptog. Mycol. 35(2): 135 (2014)

Torpedospora Meyers, Mycologia 49: 496 (1957)

1. #T. ambispinosa Kohlm., Nova Hedwigia 2: 336 (1960

2. #T. radiata Meyers, Mycologia 49: 496 (1957)

3. # T. mangrovei (Abdel-Wahab & Nagah.) E.B.G. Jones & Abdel-Wahab, in Réblová et al., IMA Fungus 7(1): 139 (2016)


Subclass: Savoryellomycetidae Hongsanan, K.D. Hyde & Maharachch., Fungal Diversity 84: 35 (2017)

1. SAVORYELLALES Boonyuen, Suetrong, S. Sivichai, K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Mycologia 103(6): 1368 (2011)

Savoryellaceae Jaklitsch & Rblov, in Jaklitsch & Rblov, Index Fungorum 209 (2015)

Savoryella E.B.G. Jones & R.A. Eaton, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 52(1):161 (1969)

1. #S. appendiculata K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Bot. Mar. 35(2): 89 (1992)

2. #S. lignicola E.B.G. Jones & R.A. Eaton, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 52(1): 161 (1969)

3. #S. longispora E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 35(2): 84 (1992)

4. S. melanospora Abdel-Wahab & E.B.G. Jones, Mycoscience 41(4): 387 (2000)

5. S. paucispora (Cribb & J.W. Cribb) J. Koch, Nordic J. Bot. 2(2): 169 (1982)


Subclass: Diaporthiomycetidae I.C. Senanayake, Maharachch., K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. 72: 10 (2015)


1. DIAPORTHALES Nannf., Nova Acta R. Soc. Scient. upsal., 8(2): 53 (1932)

Valsaceae Tul. & C. Tul., Selecta Fungorum Carpologia 1: 180 (1861)

*Cytospora Ehrenb., Sylvae mycologicae Berolinenses: 28 (1818)

1. C. rhizophorae Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Mycologia 63(4): 847 (1971)

Valsa Fr., Summa vegetabilium Scandinaviae 2: 410 (1849)

1. V. abietis Fr., Summa veg Scand, Section Post. (Stockholm): 412 (1849)

Diaporthaceae Höhn. ex Wehm., American Journal of Botany 13: 638 (1926)

Diaporthe Nitschke, Pyrenomycetes Germanici 2: 240 (1870)

1. D. salsuginosa Vrijmoed, K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Res. 98(6): 699 (1994)

*Phomopsis (Sacc.) Sacc., Annls Mycol. 3(6): 166 (1905)

1. P. mangrovei K.D. Hyde, Mycol. Res. 95(9): 1149 (1991)

2. P. pittospori (Cooke & Harkn.) Grove, Bulletin of Miscellaneous Informations of the Royal Botanical Gardens Kew 1919 (4): 181 (1919)

Gnomoniaceae G. Winter, Rabenhorst’s Kryptogamen-Flora, Pilze - Ascomyceten 1(2): 570 (1886)

*Gloeosporidina Petr., Annls Mycol. 19(3–4): 214 (1921)

1. G. cecidii (Kohlm.) B. Sutton, The Coelomycetes (Kew): 517 (1980)

Hypophloeda K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 30(1): 61 (1989)

1. H. rhizospora K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 30(1): 62 (1989

Lautosporaceae Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 38: 169 (1995)

Lautospora K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Bot. Mar. 32: 479 (1989)

1. L. gigantea K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Bot. Mar. 32(3): 479 (1989)

2. #L. simillima Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 38(2): 169 (1995)


2. OPHIOSTOMATALES Benny & Kimbr., Mycotaxon 12 (1): 48 (1980)

Ophiostomataceae Nannf., Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis 8 (2): 30 (1932)

Ophiostoma Syd. & P. Syd., Annales Mycologici 17 (1): 43 (1919)

1. O. ulmi (Buisman) Melin & Nannf., Svenska Skogsvårdsföreningens Tidskrift 32: 408 (1934)


3. PHOMATOSPORALES Senan., Maharachch. & K.D. Hyde, Mycosphere 7 (5): 631 (2016)

Phomatosporaceae Senan. & K.D. Hyde, Mycosphere 7 (5): 633 (2016)

Lanspora K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 64(8): 1581 (1986)

1. #L. coronata K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 64(8): 1581 (1986)

Phomatospora Sacc., Grevillea 4(29): 22 (1875)

1. P. acrostichi K.D. Hyde, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 90(1): 135 (1988)

2. #P. bellaminuta Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 38(2): 181 (1995)

3. P. dinemasporium J. Webster, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 38: 364 (1955)

4. P. kandeliae K.D. Hyde, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 33(3): 315 (1992)

5. P. nypae K.D. Hyde, Sydowia 45(2): 200 (1993)

6. P. nypicola K.D. Hyde & Alias, Mycol. Res. 103(11): 1417 (1999)

7. P. phragmiticola Poon & K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 41(2): 148 (1998)


4. TIRISPORELLALES Suetrong, K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Fungal Divers. (2015)

Tirisporellaceae Suetrong, K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Cryptog. Mycol. [In Press]

Bacusphaeria Norlailatul, Alias & S. Suetrong, Bot Mar 60: 479 (2017)

1. #B. nypenthi Norlailatul, Alias & S. Sueterong, In Abdel-Wahab et al., Bot mar 60: 479 (2017)

Tirisporella (Ces.) E.B.G. Jones, K.D. Hyde & Alias, Can. J. Bot. 74(9): 1490 (1996)

1. #T. beccariana (Ces.) E.B.G. Jones, K.D. Hyde & Alias, Can. J. Bot. 74(9): 1490 (1996)


Subclass: Sordariomycetidae O.E. Erikss. & Winka, Myconet 1(1): 10 (1997)

1. BOLINIALES P.F. Cannon, Dictionary of the fungi: X (2001)

Boliniaceae Rick, Brotria Sr. Bot. 25(2): 65 (1931)

Lentomitella Höhn., Annal. Mycol. 3(6): 552 (1906)

1. #L. cirrhosa (Pers.) R blov, Mycologia 98(1): 82 (2006)


2. CALOSPHAERIALES M.E. Barr, Mycologia 75: 11 (1983)

Calosphaeriaceae Munk, Dansk botanisk Arkiv 17 (1): 278 (1957)

Jattaea Berl., Icones Fungorum. Pyrenomycetes. Sphaeriaceae. Allantosporae 3: 6 (1900)

1. J. mucronata Dayarathne & K.D. Hyde, Botanica Marina 60: 479 (2017)


3. CHAETOSPHAERIALES

Chaetosphaeriaceae Réblová, M.E. Barr & Samuels, Sydowia 51: 56 (1999)

Chaetosphaeria Réblová, M.E. Barr & Samuels, Sydowia 51: 56 (1999)

1. Ch. mangrovei Dayarathne, E.B.G. Jones & K.D. Hyde, Mycosphere 9: 395 (2018)


4. MAGNAPORTHALES Thongk., Vijaykr. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. 34: 166 (2009)

Magnaporthaceae P.F. Cannon, Syst. Ascomyc. 13(1): 26 (1994)

Buergenerula Syd., Annls Mycol. 34(4–5): 392 (1936)

1. #B. spartinae Kohlm. & R.V. Gessner, Can. J. Bot. 54(15): 1764 (1976)

Kohlmeyeriopsis S. Klaubauf, M.H. Lebrun & P.W. Crous, Stud. Mycol. 79: 101 (2014)

1. #K. medullaris (Kohlmeyer, Volkmann-Kohlmeyer & O.E. Eriksson) S. Klaubauf, M.H. Lebrun & P.W. Crous, Studies in Mycology 79: 101 (2014)

Pseudohalonectriaceae Hongsanan & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 84: 33 (2017)

Pseudohalonectria Minoura & T. Muroi, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 19: 132 (1978)

1. P. falcata Shearer, Can. J. Bot. 67(7): 1945 (1989)

2. P. halophila Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 48(4): 310 (2005)


5. SORDARIALES Chadef. ex D. Hawksw. & O.E. Erikss., Syst. Ascomyc. 5: 182 (1986)

Lasiosphaeriaceae Nannf., Nova Acta R. Soc. Scient. upsal. 8(2): 50 (1932)

Biconiosporella Schaumann, Ver ff. Inst. Meeresf. Bremerhaven: 14: 24 (1972)

1 B. corniculata Schaumann, Ver ff. Inst. Meeresf. Bremerhaven 14(1): 24 (1972)

Zopfiella G. Winter, Rabenhorst’s Kryptogamen-Flora, Pilze - Ascomyceten 1(2): 56 (1884)

1. Z. latipes (N. Lundq.) Malloch & Cain, Can. J. Bot. 49: 876 (1971)

2. Z. marina Furuya & Udagawa, J. Jap. Bot. 50(8): 249 (1975)

Chaetomiaceae G. Winter, Rabenh Krypt-Fl: 153 (1885)

Chaetomium Kunze, Mykologische Hefte 1: 15 (1817)

1. Ch. crispatum (Fuckel) Fuckel, Jb. nassau. Ver. Naturk. 23–24: 90 (1870)

2. Ch. erectum Skolko & J.W. Groves, Can. J. Res., Section C 26: 277 (1948)

3. Ch. funicola Cooke, Grevillea 1(11): 176 (1873)

4. Ch. globosum Kunze, in Kunze & Schmidt, Mykologische Hefte (Leipzig) 1: 16 (1817)

5. Ch. heteropilum N.J. Artemczuk, Mikol. Fitopatol. 14(2): 93 (1980)

6. Ch. ramipilosum Schaumann, Arch. Mikrobiol. 91(2): 98 (1973)

7. Ch. thermophilum La Touche, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 33(1–2): 95 (1950)


Sordariales incertae sedis

Abyssomyces Kohlm., Ber. Deut. Bot. Ges. 83(9–10): 505 (1970)

1. A. hydrozoicus Kohlm., Ber. Deut. Bot. Ges. 83(9–10): 505 (1970)

*Koorchaloma Subram., J. Indian Bot. Soc. 32: 124 (1953)

1. K. galateae Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 44(2): 147 (2001)

2. K. spartinicola V.V. Sarma, S.Y. Newell & K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 44(4): 321 (2001)


6. PHYLLACHORALES M.E. Barr, Mycologia 75: 11 (1983)

Phyllachoraceae Theiss. & P. Syd., Annls Mycol. 13(3–4): 168 (1915)

Phyllachora Nitschke ex Fuckel, Jb. Nassau. Ver. Naturk. 23–24: 216 (1870)

1. Ph. paludicola Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 95(1): 120 (2003)

Polystigmataceae Höhn. ex Nannf., Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis 8 (2): 51 (1932)

Polystigma DC., Fl Fran 6: 164 (1815)

1. P. apophlaeae Kohlm., in Kohlmeyer & Demoulin, Bot. Mar. 24(1): 13 (1981)


Phyllachorales incertae sedis

Marinosphaera K.D. Hyde, Can. J. Bot. 67(10): 3080 (1989)

1. #M. mangrovei K.D. Hyde, Can. J. Bot. 67(10): 3080 (1989)

Phycomelaina Kohlm., Phytopath. Z. 63(4): 350 (1968)

1. P. laminariae (Rostr.) Kohlm., Phytopath. Z. 63: 350 (1968)


7. TRICHOSPHAERIALES M.E. Barr, Mycologia 75: 11 (1983)

Trichosphaeriaceae G. Winter, Rabenh. Krypt.- Fl.: 191(1885)

*Brachysporium (Sacc.) Sacc., Syll. Fung. 4: 423 (1886)

1. B. helgolandicum Schaumann, Helgolander wiss, Meeresunters. 25(1): 26–34 (1973)


Trichosphaeriales insertae sedis

Khuskia H.J. Huds., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 46(3): 358 (1963)

1. #K. oryzae H.J. Huds., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 46(3): 358 (1963)

Nigrospora Zimm., Centralblatt für Bakteriologie und Parasitenkunde 8: 220 (1902)

1. N. oryzae (Berk. & Broome) Petch, J. Indian bot. Soc.: 24 (1924)


Sordariomycetes incertae sedis

*Myrmecridium Arzanlou, W. Gams & Crous, Stud. Mycol. 58: 84 (2007)

1. #M. schulzeri (Sacc.) Arzanlou, W. Gams & Crous, in Arzanlou et al., Stud. Mycol. 58: 84 (2007)

*Radulidium Arzanlou, W. Gams & Crous, Studies in Mycology 58: 89 (2007)

1. R. epichloës (Ellis & Dearn.) Arzanlou, W. Gams & Crous, Studies in Mycology 58: 89 (2007)


Subclass: Xylariomycetidae O.E. Erikss. & Winka, Myconet 1(1): 12 (1997)

XYLARIALES Nannf., Nova Acta R. Soc. Scient. upsal. 8(2): 66 (1932)

Amphisphaeriaceae G. Winter, Rabenhorst’s Kryptogamen-Flora, Pilze - Ascomyceten 1(2): 259 (1885)

Amphisphaeria Ces. & De Not., Comm. Soc. crittog. Ital. 1(4): 223 (1863)

1. A. culmicola Sacc., Nuovo Giornale Bot. It. 5: 283 (1873)

Apiosporaceae K. D. Hyde, J. Fr hl., Joanne E. Taylor & M.E. Barr, Sydowia 50(1): 23 (1998)

Apiospora Sacc., Atti della Societ Veneziana-Trentina-Istriana di Scienze Naturali 4: 85 (1875)

1. #A. montagnei Sacc., Nuovo G. Bot. Ital. 7: 306 (1875)

*Arthrinium Kunze, Mykologische Hefte 1: 9 (1817)

1. A. algicola (N.J. Artemczuk) E.B.G. Jones, Sakay., Suetrong, Somrith. & K.L. Pang, Fungal Divers.: 150 (2010)

Bartaliniaceae Wijayaw., Maharachch. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 73: 85 (2015)

Broomella Sacc., Sylloge Fungorum 2: 557 (1883)

1. B. acuta Shoemaker & E. Mll., Can. J. Bot. 41 (8): 1239 (1963)

Cainiaceae J.C. Krug, Sydowia 30(1–6): 123 (1978)

Arecophila K.D. Hyde, Nova Hedwigia 63: 82 (1996)

1. A. nypae K.D. Hyde, Nova Hedwigia 63: 95 (1996)

Atrotorquata Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascomyc. 12(1–2): 8 (1993)

1. A. lineata Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascomyc. 12(1–2): 8 (1993)

Monographella Petr., Annls. Mycol. 22(1–2): 144 (1924)

1. M. nivalis (Schaffnit) E. Mll., Revue Mycol., Paris 41(1): 132 (1977)

*Pestalotiopsis Steyaert, Bull. Jard. bot. tat Brux. 19(3): 300 (1949)

1. #P. guepinii (Desm.) Steyaert [as ‘guepini’], Bull. Jard. bot. tat Brux. 19(3): 312 (1949)

2. P. juncestris Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 44(2): 149 (2001)

Clypeosphaeriaceae G. Winter, Rabenh Krypt-Fl 1(2): 554 (1886)

Apioclypea K.D. Hyde, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 116: 316 (1994)

1. A. nypicola K.D. Hyde, J. Frhl. & Joanne E. Taylor, Sydowia 50(1): 36 (1998)

Ommatomyces Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Mycologia 87(4): 538 (1995)

1. O. coronatus Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Mycologia 87(4): 538 (1995)

Diatrypaceae Nitschke, Verh. naturh. Ver. preuss. Rheinl.: 73 (1869)

Cryptosphaeria Grev., Scott. crypt. fl. (Edinburgh) 1: pl. 13 (1822)

1. # Cryp. avicenniae Devadatha & V.V. Sarma, sp. nov. in press

2. Cryp. bathurstensis (K.D. Hyde & Rappaz) Dayarathne & K.D. Hyde, comb. nov., in press

3. Cryp. eunomia (Fr.) Fuckel, Jb. Nassau. Ver. Naturk. 23–24: 212 (1870)

4. # Cryp. halophila Dayarathne & K.D. Hyde, sp. nov., in press

Cryptovalsa Ces. & De Not. ex Fuckel, Jahrbcher des Nassauischen Vereins fr Naturkunde 23–24: 212 (1870)

1. C. halosarceiicola K.D. Hyde, Mycol.Res 97(7): 799 (1993)

2. #C. mangrovei Abdel-Wahab & Inderb., in Inderbitzin, Abdel-Wahab, Jones & Vrijmoed, Mycol. Res. 103(12): 1628 (1999)

3. C. suaedicola Spooner, Trans. Br. mycol. Soc. 76(2): 269 (1981)

Diatrype Fr., Summa veg. Scand., Sectio Post. (Stockholm): 384 (1849)

1. # D. mangrovei Dayarathne & K.D. Hyde sp. nov.

Diatrypasimilis J.J. Zhou & Kohlm., Mycologia 102(2): 432 (2010)

1. #D. australiensis J.J. Zhou & Kohlm., Mycologia 102(2): 432 (2010)

Eutypa Tul. & C. Tul., Select. Fung. Carpol. 2: 52 (1863)

1. Eutypa bathurstensis K.D. Hyde & Rappaz, Mycol. Res. 97(7): 861 (1993)

Eutypella (Nitschke) Sacc., Atti Soc. Veneto-Trent. Sci. Nat. 4: 80 (1875)

1.# E. naqsii K.D. Hyde, Mycol. Res. 99(12): 1462 (1995)

Halocryptovalsa Dayarathne & K.D. Hyde gen nov.

1. # H. avicenniae (Abdel-Wahab, Bahkali & E.B.G. Jones) Dayarathne & K.D. Hyde comb. nov.

2. # H. salicorniae Dayarathne & K.D. Hyde sp. nov.

Halodiatrype Dayarathne & K.D. Hyde, Mycosphere 7 (5): 617 (2016)

1. #H. avicenniae Dayarathne & K.D. Hyde, Mycosphere 7 (5): 618 (2016)

2. #H. salinicola Dayarathne & K.D. Hyde, Mycosphere 7 (5): 617 (2016)

3. #H. mangrovei (K.D. Hyde) Dayarathne & K.D. Hyde, Mycosphere 7 (5): 619 (2016)

Pedumispora K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Res. 96: 78 (1992)

1. #P. rhizophorae K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Res. 96(1): 78 (1992)

Peroneutypa Berl., Icon. Fung.: 80 (1902)

1. P. scoparia (Schwein.) Carmarán & A.I. Romero, in Carmarán, Romero & Giussani, Fungal Diversity 23: 84 (2006)

Hyponectriaceae Petr., Annls. Mycol. 21(3–4): 305 (1923)

Frondicola K.D. Hyde, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 110: 100 (1992)

1. F. tunitricuspis K.D. Hyde, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 110(2): 102 (1992)

Phragmitensis K.M. Wong, Poon & K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 41(4): 379 (1998)

1. P. marina M.K.M. Wong, Poon & K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 41(4): 379 (1998)

Physalospora Niessl, Verh. nat. Ver. Brnn 14: 170 (1876)

1. Ph. citogerminans Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 38: 183 (1995)

Xylariaceae Tul. & C. Tul., Select. Fung. Carpol.: 3 (1863)

Ascotricha Berk., Annals and Magazine of Natural History 1: 257 (1838)

1. A. chartarum Berk., Ann Nat Hist, Mag Zool Bot Geol 1: 257 (1838)

2. # A. longipila X.L. Chen & W. Li, Mycologia 107: 492 (2015)

3. # A. parvispora X.L. Chen & W. Li, Mycologia 107 (2): 494 (2015)

4. # A. sinuosa (W. Li & X.L. Cheng) X.L. Chen & W. Li, Mycologia 107 (2): 494 (2015)

Anthostomella Sacc., Atti Soc. Veneto-Trent. Sci. Nat., Padova, Sr 44: 84 (1875)

1. A. atroalba Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Can. J. Bot. 76(3): 467 (1998)

2. A. nypae K.D. Hyde, B.S. Lu & Alias, Mycol. Res. 103(11): 1409 (1999)

3. A. nypensis K.D. Hyde, Alias & B.S. Lu, Mycol. Res. 103(11): 1410 (1999)

4. A. nypicola K.D. Hyde, Alias & B.S. Lu, Mycol. Res. 103(11): 1411 (1999)

5. A. poecila Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 38(2): 175 (1995)

6. A. punctulata (Roberge ex Desm.) Sacc., Syll. Fung. 1: 278 (1882)

7. A. semitecta Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm. & O.E. Erikss., Bot. Mar. 38: 177 (1995)

8. A. spissitecta Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 106(3): 369 (2002)

9. A. torosa Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 106(3): 365 (2002)

Astrocystis Berk. & Broome, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 14(74): 123 (1873)

1. A. nypae G.J.D. Sm. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. 7: 93 (2001)

2. A. selangorensis G.J.D. Sm. & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. 7: 104 (2001)

*Dicyma Boulanger, Rev. gn. Bot. 9: 18 (1897)

1. D. ovalispora (S. Hughes) Arx, Gen. Fungi Sporul. Cult., Edn. 3 (Vaduz): 316 (1981)

Fasciatispora K.D. Hyde, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 32: 265 (1991)

1. F. lignicola Alias, E.B.G. Jones & Kuthub., Mycotaxon 52(1): 78 (1994)

2. F. nypae K.D. Hyde, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 32(2): 267 (1991)

Halorosellinia Whalley, E.B.G. Jones, K.D. Hyde & Laessoe, Mycol. Res. 104(3): 368 (2000)

1. #H. oceanica (S. Schatz) Whalley, E.B.G. Jones, K.D. Hyde & Lsse, Mycol. Res. 104(3): 370 (2000)

2. # H. rhizophorae Dayarathne, E.B.G. Jones K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. 78: 117 (2016)

Hypoxylon Bull., Histoire des champignons de la France. I: 168 (1791)

1. H. croceum J.H. Mill., Mycologia 25(4): 323 (1933)

Nemania Gray, A natural arrangement of British plants 1: 516 (1821)

1. N. maritima Y.M. Ju & J.D. Rogers, Nova Hedwigia 74(1–2): 102 (2002)

Nipicola K.D. Hyde, Cryptog. Bot. 2: 330 (1992)

1. N. carbospora K.D. Hyde, Cryptog. Bot. 2(4): 330 (1992)

2. N. selangorensis K.D. Hyde, Sydowia 46(2): 262 (1994)

Xylaria Hill ex Schrank, Baierische Flora 1: 200 (1789)

1. #X. hypoxylon (L.) Grev., Fl. Edin.: 355 (1824)

2. X. psidii J.D. Rogers & Hemmes, Mycologia 84(2): 167 (1992)

Oxydothidaceae Konta & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Diversity 84: 36 (2017)

Oxydothis Penz. & Sacc., Malpighia 11: 505 (1897)

1. O. nypae K.D. Hyde & Nakagiri, Trans. Mycol. Soc. Jpn. 30(1): 70 (1989)

2. O. nypicola K.D. Hyde, Sydowia 46(2): 298 (1994)


Xylariales incertae sedis

Adomia S. Schatz, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 84: 555 (1985)

1. A. avicenniae S. Schatz, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 84(3): 555 (1985)

*Dinemasporium Lv., Annls Sci. Nat. Bot. 5: 274 (1846)

1. D. marinum Sv. Nilsson, Bot. Notiser 110: 321 (1957)

Lanceispora Nakagiri, Okane, Tad. Ito & Katum., Mycoscience 38(2): 208 (1997)

1. L. amphibia Nakagiri, Okane, Tad. Ito & Katum., Mycoscience 38(2): 208 (1997)


Subclass: Lulworthiomycetidae Dayarathne, E.B.G. Jones, & K.D. Hyde, Fungal Divers. 72: 10 (2015)

1. LULWORTHIALES Kohlm., Spatafora & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 92(3): 456 (2000)

Lulworthiaceae Kohlm., Spatafora & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 92(3): 456 (2000)

*Cumulospora I. Schmidt, Mycotaxon 24: 420 (1985)

1. #C. marina I. Schmidt, Mycotaxon 24: 421 (1985)

*Halazoon Abdel-Aziz, Abdel-Wahab & Nagahama, Mycol Progr 9(4): 545 (2010)

1. #H. fuscus (I. Schmidt) Abdel-Wahab, K.L. Pang, Nagah., Abdel-Aziz & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 547 (2010)

2. #H. melhae Abdel-Aziz, Abdel-Wahab & Nagah., Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 546 (2010)

*Hydea K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 549 (2010)

1. #H. pygmea (Kohlm.) K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 549 (2010)

Kohlmeyeriella E.B.G. Jones, R.G. Johnson & S.T. Moss, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 87: 208 (1983)

1. #K. crassa (Nakagiri) Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm., J. Campb., Spatafora & Grfenhan, Mycol. Res. 109(5): 564 (2005)

2. #K. tubulata (Kohlm.) E.B.G. Jones, R.G. Johnson & S.T. Moss, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 87(2): 210 (1983)

Lindra I.M. Wilson, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 39(4): 411 (1956)

1. L. crassa (Kohlm.) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 34(1): 23 (1991)

2. L. hawaiiensis Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 65(3): 574 (1987)

3. L. inflata I.M. Wilson, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 39(4): 411 (1956)

4. #L. obtusa Nakagiri & Tubaki, Mycologia 75(3): 488 (1983)

5. #L. thalassiae Orpurt et al., Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Caribb. 14: 406 (1964)

Lulwoana Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm., J. Campb., Spatafora & Grfenhan, Mycol. Res. 109(5): 562 (2005)

1. #L. uniseptata (Nakagiri) Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm., J. Campb., Spatafora & Grfenhan, Mycol Res 109(5): 562 (2005)

Lulwoidea Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm., J. Campb., Spatafora & Grfenhan, Mycol. Res. 109 (5): 564 (2005)

1. #L. lignoarenaria (Jrg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones) Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm., J. Campb., Spatafora & Grfenhan, Mycol. Res. 109(5): 564 (2005)

Lulworthia G.K. Sutherl., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 5: 261 (1915) sensu stricto

1. #L. atlantica E. Azevedo, Caeiro & Barata, Mycologia, 109: 2, 292 (2017)

2. #L. fucicola G.K. Sutherl., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 5(2): 259 (1916)

Lulworthia sensu lato

1. L. bulgariae Parg.-Leduc, Annls Sci. Nat. Bot. Biol. Vg. sr .12(8): 193 (1967)

2. L. calcicola Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 81(2): 289 (1989)

3. L. curalii (Kohlm.) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 34(1): 24 (1991)

4. #L. floridana Meyers, Mycologia 49: 515 (1957)

5. L. halima (Diehl & Mounce) Cribb & J.W. Cribb, Pap. Dept. Bot. Univ. Qd. 3(10): 80 (1955)

6. L. kniepii (Ade & Bauch) Petr., Sydowia 10(1–6): 297 (1957)

7. L. lindroidea Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 23(8): 537 (1980)

8. L. longirostris (Linder) Cribb & J.W. Cribb, Pap. Dept. Bot. Univ. Qd. 3: 80 (1955)

9. #L. medusa (Ellis & Everh.) Cribb & J.W. Cribb, Pap. Dept. Bot. Univ. Qd. 3: 80 (1955)

10. #L. purpurea (I.M. Wilson) T.W. Johnson, Mycologia 50(2): 154 (1958)

*Matsusporium K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 550 (2010)

1. #M. tropicale (Kohlm.) E.B.G. Jones & K.L. Pang, Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 550 (2010)

*Moleospora Abdel-Aziz, Abdel-Wahab & Nagahama, Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 547 (2010)

1. #M. maritima Abdel-Wahab, Abdel-Aziz & Nagah., Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 548 (2010)

*Moromyces Abdel-Wahab, K.L. Pang, Nagah., Abdel-Aziz & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 555 (2010)

1. #M. varius (Chatmala & Somrith.) Abdel-Wahab, K.L. Pang, Nagah., Abdel-Aziz & E.B.G. Jones, Mycol. Progr. 9(4): 555 (2010)

*Orbimyces Linder, Farlowia 1(3): 404 (1944)

1. #O. spectabilis Linder, Farlowia 1: 404 (1944)

Rostrupiella Jrg. Koch, K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Bot. Mar. 50(5–6): 295 (2007)

1. #R. danica Jrg. Koch, K.L. Pang & E.B.G. Jones, Bot. Mar. 50(5/6): 295 (2007)

Haloguignardia Cribb & J.W. Cribb, Pap. Dept. Bot. Univ. Qd. 3(12): 97 (1956)

1. H. cystoseirae Kohlm. & Demoulin, Bot. Mar. 24(1): 9 (1981)

2. H. decidua Cribb & J.W. Cribb, Pap. Dept. Bot. Univ. Qd. 3: 97 (1956)

3. #H. irritans (Setch. & Estee) Cribb & J.W. Cribb, Pap. Dept. Bot. Univ. Qd. 3: 98 (1956)

4. H. oceanica (Ferd. & Winge) Kohlm., Mar. Biol. 8: 344 (1971)

5. H. tumefaciens (Cribb & J.W. Cribb) Cribb & J.W. Cribb, Pap. Dept. Bot. Univ. Qd. 3: 98 (1956)

Sammeyersia S.Y. Guo, E.B.G. Jones et K.L. Pang, Botanica Marina 60: 483 (2017)

1. #S. grandispora (Meyers) S.Y. Guo, E.B.G. Jones et K.L. Pang, Botanica Marina 60: 483 (2017)

Spathulosporaceae Kohlm., Mycologia 65: 615 (1973)

Spathulospora A.R. Caval. & T.W. Johnson, Mycologia 57: 927 (1965)

1. #S. adelpha Kohlm., Mycologia 65(3): 615 (1973)

2. #S. antarctica Kohlm., Mycologia 65(3): 619 (1973)

3. S. calva Kohlm., Mycologia 65(3): 622 (1973)

4. S. lanata Kohlm., Mycologia 65(3): 625 (1973)

5. S. phycophila A.R. Caval. & T.W. Johnson, Mycologia 57(6): 927 (1965)


2. KORALIONSTETALES Kohlm., Volkm.-Kohlm., J. Campb. & Inderb., Mycol. Res. 113(3): 377 (2009)

Koralionastetaceae Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 79: 764 (1987)

Koralionastes Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 79: 765 (1987)

1. K. angustus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 79(5): 768 (1987)

2. K. ellipticus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 79(5): 765 (1987)

3. K. giganteus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 68(7): 1554 (1990)

4. K. ovalis Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 79(5): 765 (1987)

5. K. violaceus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 68(7): 1556 (1990)

Pontogeneia Kohlm., Bot. Jb. 96(1–4): 200 (1975)

1. P. calospora (Pat.) Kohlm., Bot. Jb. 96(1–4): 205 (1975)

2. P. codiicola (Dowson) Kohlm. & E. Kohlm., Marine Mycology, the Higher Fungi (London): 350 (1979)

3. P. cubensis (Har. & Pat.) Kohlm., Bot. Jb. 96(1–4): 207 (1975)

4. P. enormis (Pat. & Har.) Kohlm., Botanische Jahrbcher fr Systematik Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 96(1–4): 208 (1975)

5. P. erikae Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 24(1): 16 (1981)

6. P. microdictyi Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 113(3): 378 (2009)

7. P. padinae Kohlm., Bot. Jb. 96(1–4): 201 (1975)

8. P. valoniopsidis (Cribb & J.W. Cribb) Kohlm., Bot. Jb. 96(1–4): 209 (1975)


Unitunicate Ascomycota family/genera incertae sedis

Argentinomyces N.I. Pea & Aramb., Mycotaxon 65: 333 (1997)

1. A. naviculisporus N.I. Pea & Aramb., Mycotaxon 65: 333 (1997)

Aropsiclus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascomyc. 13: 24 (1994)

1. A. junci (Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm.) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascomyc. 13(1): 24 (1994

Biflua Jorg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 67(4): 1187 (1989)

1. B. physasca Jørg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 67(4): 1187 (1989)

Crinigera I. Schmidt, Mycotaxon 24: 420 (1985)

1. C. maritima I. Schmidt, Nat. Naturs. Mecklenburg. 7: 11 (1969)

Dryosphaera Jørg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 67(4): 1184 (1989)

1. D. navigans Jørg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 67(4): 1185 (1989)

2. D. tenuis Andrienko, Ukr. Bot. Zh. 58: 244 (2001)

3. D. tropicalis Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Can. J. Bot. 71(7): 992 (1993)

Eiona Kohlm., Ber. Deut. Bot. Ges. 81: 58 (1968)

1. E. tunicata Kohlm., Ber. Deut. Bot. Ges. 81: 58 (1968)

Fusariella Sacc., Atti dell´Istituto Veneto Scienze 2: 463 (1884)

1. F. obstipa (Pollack) S. Hughes, Mycol Pap 28: 9 (1949)

Hansfordia S. Hughes, Mycological Papers 43: 15 (1951)

1. H. pulvinata (Berk. & M.A. Curtis) S. Hughes, Can J Bot 36: 771 (1958)

Hapsidascus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascomyc. 10: 113 (1991)

1. H. hadrus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Syst. Ascomyc. 10(2): 115 (1991)

*Hymenopsis Sacc., Syll. Fung. 4: 744 (1886)

1. H. chlorothrix Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 105(4): 504 (2001)

Mangrovispora K.D. Hyde & Nakagiri, Syst. Ascomyc. 10(1): 19 (1991)

1. M. pemphii K.D. Hyde & Nakagiri, Syst. Ascomyc. 10(1): 20 (1991)

Marisolaris Jørg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 67(4): 1190 (1989)

1. M. ansata Jørg. Koch & E.B.G. Jones, Can. J. Bot. 67(4): 1193 (1989)

Orcadia G.K. Sutherl., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 5(1): 151 (1915)

1. O. ascophylli G.K. Sutherl., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 5(1): 151 (1915)

Rhizophila K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Mycotaxon 34(2): 527 (1989)

1. R. marina K.D. Hyde & E.B.G. Jones, Mycotaxon 34(2): 528 (1989)

*Tetranacriella Kohlm. & Volkm-Kohlm, Bot. Mar. 44(2): 152 (2001)

1. T. papillata Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Bot. Mar. 44(2): 152 (2001)


Asexual marine fungi not assigned to any higher order


Some of the marine species listed in this section may not have been sequenced thus confirmation of their taxonomic position is required, although terrestrial species may have been assigned to a higher taxon. For most species listed there are no cultures or sequences to our knowledge.

*Asteromyces Moreau & M. Moreau ex Hennebert, Can. J. Bot. 40(9): 1211 (1962)

1. A. cruciatus Moreau & F. Moreau ex Hennebert, Can. J. Bot. 40(9): 1213 (1962)

*Cytoplacosphaeria Petr., Annls Mycol. 17(2–6): 79 (1919)

1. C. phragmiticola Poon & K.D. Hyde, Bot. Mar. 41(2): 148 (1998)

*Heliscella Marvanov, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 75(2): 224 (1980)

1. H. stellatacula (P.W. Kirk ex Marvanov & Sv. Nilsson) Marvanov, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 75(2): 224 (1980)

*Hyphopolynema Nag Raj, Can. J. Bot. 55(7): 760 (1977)

1. H. juncatile Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycotaxon 70: 489 (1999)

*Nypaella K.D. Hyde & B. Sutton, Mycol. Res. 96(3): 210 (1992)

1. N. frondicola K.D. Hyde & B. Sutton, Mycol. Res. 96(3): 210 (1992)

*Mycoenterolobium Goos, Mycologia 62(1): 172 (1970)

1. M. platysporum Goos, Mycologia 62(1): 172 (1970)

*Octopodotus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 95(1): 117 (2003)

1. O. stupendus Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycologia 95(1): 117 (2003)

*Phragmospathula Subram. & N.G. Nair, Anton. van Leeuw. 32(4): 384 (1966)

1. P. phoenicis Subram. & N.G. Nair, Anton. van Leeuw. 32(4): 384 (1966)

*Plectophomella Moesz, Magy. Bot. Lapok 21: 13 (1922)

1. P. nypae K.D. Hyde & B. Sutton, Mycol. Res. 96(3): 211 (1992)

*Pycnodallia Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 105(4): 500 (2001)

1. P. dupla Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycol. Res. 105(4): 500 (2001)

*Sporidesmium Link, Mag. Gesell. Naturf. Freunde, Berlin 3(1–2): 41 (1809)

1. S. salinum E.B.G. Jones, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 46(1): 135 (1963)

*Trichocladium Harz, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 44(1): 125 (1871)

(Polyphyletic genus with six marine species, but these have not been sequenced)

1. T. alopallonellum (Meyers & R.T. Moore) Kohlm. & Volkm.-Kohlm., Mycotaxon 53: 352 (1995)

2. T. constrictum I. Schmidt, Natur Naturschutz Mecklenberg 12: 114 (1974)

3. T. lignicola I. Schmidt [as ‘lignincola’], Natur Naturschutz Mecklenberg 12: 116 (1974)

4. T. melhae E.B.G. Jones, Abdel-Wahab & Vrijmoed, Fungal Divers. 7: 50 (2001)

5. T. nypae K.D. Hyde & Goh, in Hyde, Goh, Lu & Alias, Mycol. Res. 103(11): 1420 (1999)

*Cytoplacosphaeria Petr., Annls Mycol. 17(2–6): 79 (1919)

1. C. rimosa Petr., Annls Mycol. 17(2/6): 79 (1919)

*Phialophorophoma Linder, Farlowia 1(3): 402 (1944)

1. P. litoralis Linder, Farlowia 1: 403 (1944)

*Phragmostilbe Subram., Mycopath. Mycol. Appl. 10(4): 351 (1959)

1. Ph. linderi Subram., Mycopath. Mycol. Appl. 10(4): 352 (1959)

*Pleurophomopsis Petr., Annls Mycol. 22(1–2): 156 (1924)

1. P. nypae K.D. Hyde & B. Sutton, Mycol. Res. 96(3): 213 (1992)

Zygosporium Mont., Annales des Sciences Naturelles Botanique 17: 152 (1842)

1. Z. masonii S. Hughes, Mycol. Pap. 44: 15 (1951)


Phylum: MUCOROMYCOTA

MUCORALES Fr., Systema Mycologicum 3: 296 (1832)

Mucoraceae Dumort., Commentationes botanicae: 69: 81 (1822)

Absidia Tiegh., Annales des Sciences Naturelles Botanique 4 (4): 350 (1878)

1. A. glauca Hagem, Skrifter udgivne af Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania. Mathematisk-Naturvidenskabelig Klasse 7: 43 (1908)

Mucor Fresen., Beitrge zur Mykologie 1: 7 (1850)

1. M. hiemalis Wehmer, Annales Mycologici 1(1): 39 (1903)

2. M. racemosus Bull., Hist. Champ. Fr. (Paris) 1: 104 (1791)

3. M. racemosus f. sphaerosporus (Hagem) Schipper, Studies in Mycology 36 (4): 480 (1970)

Rhizopus Ehrenb., Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-CarolinaeGermanicae Naturae Curiosorum 10: 198 (1820

1. #Rh. microsporus var. rhizopodiformis (Cohn) Schipper & Stalpers, Stud. Mycol. 25: 30 (1984)

2. Rh. stolonifer (Ehrenb.) Vuill., Revue Mycol., Toulouse 24: 54 (1902)


Phylum CHYTRIDIOMYCOTA

1. CHYTRIDIALES Cohn, Jber Schles Ges Vaterl Kultur 57: 279 (1879), emend. MozleyStandridge et al., Mycol. Res. 113: 502 (2009)

Chytridiaceae Nowak., Akad Umiejetnosci Krakowie Wydzíat mat Przyród: 174: 191 (1878), emend. Vélez et al., Mycologia 103: 123 (2011)

Chytridium A. Braun, Betrach. Erschein. Verjüng. Natur.: 198 (1851)

1. Ch. codicola Zeller, Publ. Puget Sound Biol. Sta. Univ. Wash. 2: 121 (1918)

2. Ch. lagenaria Schenk, Verhandlungen Physikalisch-Medizinische Gesellschaft Würzburg 8: 241 (1858)

3. Ch. lagenaria var. japonense Kobayasi & M. Ôkubo, Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 33: 56 (1953)

4. Ch. megastomum Sparrow, Dansk botanisk Arkiv 8 (6): 21 (1933)?

5. Ch. proliferum Karling, Sydowia 20: 122 (1968)

6. Ch. turbinatum Kobayasi & M. Ôkubo, Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B 1: 69 (1954)

Phlyctochytrium J. Schröt., Nat. Pflanzenfamilien: 78 (1892)

1. Ph. bryopsidis Kobayasi & M. Ôkubo, Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo 1(2 (35)): 66 (1954)

2. Ph. cladophorae Kobayasi & M. Ôkubo, Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B 1: 64 (1954)

3. Ph. japonicum (Kobayasi & M. Ôkubo) Sparrow, Aquatic Phycomycetes. Second Ed (1960)

4. Ph. marinum Kobayasi & M. Ôkubo, Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B 33: 55 (1953)

Rhizidium A. Braun, Monatsber. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1856: 591 (1856)

1. Rh. braunii Zopf, Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 52: 349 (1888)

2. Rh. tomiyamanum Konno; J. Jap. Bot., 44: 315–317 (1969)

Tylochytrium Karling, Mycologia 31: 287 (1939)

1. T. pollinis-pini (A. Braun) Doweld Index Fungorum 101: 1 (2014)

Chytriomycetaceae Letcher, Mycologia 103: 127 (2011)

Rhizoclosmatium H.E. Petersen, J. Bot. Paris 17: 216 (1903)

1. Rhi. marinum Kobayasi & M. Ôkubo, Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, N.S. 1(2 (35)): 68 (1954)


2. CLADOCHYTRIALES S. E. Mozley Standridge, Mycol. Res. 113: 502 (2009)

Endochytriaceae Sparrow ex D.J.S. Barr, Canadian Journal of Botany 58 (22): 2390 (1980)

Catenochytridium Berdan, Am. J. Bot. 26(7): 460 (1939)

1. C. carolinianum f. marinum Kobayasi & M. Ôkubo, Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B 33: 57 (1953)


3. LOBULOMYCETACETALES D. R. Simmons, Mycol. Res. 113: 453 (2009)

Family incertae sedis

Algochytrops Doweld, Index Fungorum, 123: 1 (2014)

1. #Al. polysiphoniae (Cohn) Doweld, Index Fungorum, 123: 1 (2014)


4. RHIZOPHYDIALES Letcher, Mycol. Res. 110: 908 (2006)

Dinomycetaceae Karpov and Guillou, Protist 165: 240 (2014)

Dinomyces Karpov and Guillou, Protist 165: 241 (2014)

1. #D. arenysensis S.A. Karpov & L. Guillou, Protist 165(2): 230–244 (2014)

Halomycetaceae Letcher and M.J. Powell, Mycologia, 107(4): 819 (2015)

Halomyces Letcher and M.J. Powell, Mycologia, 107(4): 819 (2015)

1. #H. littoreus (Amon) Letcher & M.J. Powell, Mycologia, 107(4): 819 (2015)

Paludomyces Letcher & M.J. Powell, Mycologia, 107(4): 819 (2015)

1. #P. mangrovei (Ulken) Letcher & M.J. Powell, Mycologia, 107(4): 820 (2015)

Ulkenomyces Letcher & M.J. Powell, Mycologia 107(4): 821 (2015)

1. #Ul. aestuarii (Ulken) Letcher & M.J. Powell, Mycologia 107(4): 821 (2015)

Rhizophydiaceae Letcher, Mycological Research 110 (8): 909 (2006)

Rhizophydium Schenk, Verhandlungen Physikalisch-Medizinische Gesellschaft Würzburg 8: 245 (1858)

1. Rh. globosum (A. Braun) Rabenh., Flora Europaea algarum aquae dulcis et submarinae 3: 280 (1868)

Following species need verification: Rhizophhydialesincertae sedis

1. Rh. cladophorae (Kobayasi & M. Ôkubo) Sparrow, Aquatic Phycomycetes, Edn 2 (Ann Arbor): 266 (1960)

2. Rh. codicola Zeller, Publ. Puget Sound Biol. Sta. Univ. Wash. 2: 122 (1918)

3. Rh. halophilum Uebelm., ex Letcher, in Letcher & Powell, Publication of the Zoosporic Research Institute 1: 26 (2012)

4. Rh. keratinophilum Karling, Am. J. Bot. 33(9): 753 (1946)

5. Rh. subglobosum Kobayasi & M. Ôkubo, Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, N.S. 1(2 (35)): 63 (1954)

Ubelmesseromycetaceae M.J. Powell & Letcher, Mycologia 107:423 (2015)

Ubelmesseromyces M.J. Powell & Letcher, Mycologia 107:423 (2015

1. #U. harderi M.J. Powell & Letcher, Mycologia 107:423 (2015)


Chytridiomycota incertae sedis

Blyttiomyces A.F. Bartsch, Mycologia 31: 559 (1939)

1. Bl. verrucosus Dogma, Kalikasan 8(3): 238 (1980)

Thalassochytrium Nyvall, M. Pedersén & Longcore, J. Phycol. 35: 176 (1999)

1. Th. gracilarriopsis Nyvall, M. Pedersén & Longcore, J. Phycol. 35(1): 182 (1999)


Fungi incertae sedis

Olpidiaceae J. Schröt., Krypt.-Fl. Schlesien: 180 (1886)

Olpidium (A. Braun) J. Schröt., Krypt.-Fl- Schlesien 31(2): 180 (1886)

1. O. rostriferum Ivimey Cook, Trans. Sapporo Nat. Hist. Soc. 13(2–3): 80 (1934)

? Valid taxon

Coenomyces Deckenb., Flora (Regensburg) 92: 265 (1903)

1. C. consuens K.N. Deckenb., Flora (Regensburg) 92: 265 (1903)


Phylum: BLASTOCLADIOMYCOTA

BLASTOCLADIOMYCETES

1. BLASTOCLADIALES H.E. Peterson, Bot. Tidsskr. 29: 357 (1909)

Catenariaceae Couch, Mycologia 37: 187 (1945)

Catenaria Sorokin, Revue Mycol. Toulouse 11: 139 (1889)

1. C. anguillulae Sorokin, Annls Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 6: 67 (1876)

Marine yeasts Ascomycota and Basidiomycota

Updated 31 December 2018

All species listed have been reported from marine habitats, even if they are facultative!

Phylum: BASIDIOMYCOTA

Subphyllum: Agaricomycotina

Class: Tremellomycetes Doweld, Prosyllabus Tracheophytorum, Tentamen Systematis

Plantarum Vascularium (Tracheophyta): LXXVII (2001)

1. CYSTOFILOBASIDIALES Fell, Roeijmans & Boekhout, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 49: 911 (1999)

Cystofilobasidiaceae K. Wells & Bandoni, The Mycota, A Comprehensive Treatise on Fungi as Experimental Systems for Basic and Applied Research (Berlin) 7(B): 113 (2001)

Cystofilobasidium Oberw. & Bandoni, in Oberwinkler, Bandoni, Blanz & Kisimova-Horovitz, Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 4(1): 116 (1983)

1. C. capitatum (Fell, I.L. Hunter & Tallman) Oberw. & Bandoni, in Oberwinkler, Bandoni, Blanz & Kisimova-Horovitz, Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 4(1): 116 (1983)

2. C. bisporidii (Fell, I.L. Hunter & Tallman) Oberw. & Bandoni [as ‘bisporidiis’], in Oberwinkler, Bandoni, Blanz & Kisimova-Horovitz, Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 4(1): 118 (1983)

3. C. infirmominiatum (Fell, I.L. Hunter & Tallman) Hamam., Sugiy. & Komag., J. gen. appl. Microbiol., Tokyo 34(3): 276 (1988)

4. C. macerans Samp., in Libkind, Gadanho, Broock & Sampaio, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 59(3): 627 (2009)

Mrakiaceae X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies Mycology 81: 29 (2016)

Mrakia Y. Yamada & Komag., J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., Tokyo 33(5): 456 (1987)

1. M. frigida (Fell, Statzell, I.L. Hunter & Phaff) Y. Yamada & Komag., J. gen. appl. Microbiol., Tokyo 33(5): 457 (1987)

Tausonia Babeva, Mikrobiologiya 67: 231. 1998. emend. X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout.Studies Mycology 81: 32 (2016)

1. T. pullulans (Lindner) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies Mycology 81: 32 (2015)


2. TREMELLALES Fr., Syst. Mycol. (Lundae) 1: 2 (1821)

Bulleribasidiaceae X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 122 (2015)

Dioszegia Zsolt, Bot. Közl. 47(1–2): 64 (1957)

1. D. hungarica Zsolt, Bot. Közl. 47(1–2): 64 (1957)

Hannaella F.Y. Bai & Q.M. Wang, FEMS Yeast Res 8(5): 805 (2008)

1. H. luteola (Saito) F.Y. Bai & Q.M. Wang, FEMS Yeast Research 8 (5): 805 (2008)

2. H. surugaensis (Nagah., Hamam. & Nakase) F.Y. Bai & Q.M. Wang, in Wang & Bai, FEMS Yeast Res. 8(5): 805 (2008)

Tremellaceae Fr., Syst. Mycol. (Lundae) 1: lv (1821)

Bandonia A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 143 (2015)

1. B. marina (Uden & Zobell) A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 143 (2015)

Bullera Derx, Annales Mycologici 28 (1–2): 11 (1930)

1. B. unica Hamam. & Nakase, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 69: 288 (1996)

Cutaneotrichosporon X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 139 (2015)

1. Cu. curvatus (Diddens & Lodder) A.M. Yurkov, X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 139 (2015

Papiliotrema J.P. Samp., M. Weiss & R. Bauer, Mycologia 94 (5): 875 (2002)

1. P. pseudoalba (Nakase & M. Suzuki) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 126 (2015)

2. P. flavescens (Saito) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 126 (2015)

3. P. mangalensis (Fell, Statzell & Scorzetti) A.M. Yurkov, Studies in Mycology 81: 126 (2015)

4. P. laurentii (Kuff.) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 126 (2015)

Trimorphomycetaceae X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 133 (2015)

Saitozyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 134 (2015)

1. S. flava (Saito) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 134 (2015). Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 134 (2015)

Kwoniella Statzell & Fell, FEMS Yeast Res. 8(1): 107 (2008)

1. K. mangroviensis Statzell, Belloch & Fell, FEMS Yeast Res. 8(1): 107 (2008)

Vishniacozyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 123 (2015)

1. V. carnescens (Verona & Luchetti) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 124 (2015)

2. V. dimennae (Fell & Phaff) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 124 (2015)

3. V. tephrensis (Vishniac) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 124 (2015)

4. V. victoriae (M.J. Montes, Belloch, Galiana, M.D. García, C. Andrés, S. Ferrer, Torr.-Rodr. & J. Guinea) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 124 (2015)


3. TRICHOSPORONALES Boekhout & Fell, Int J Evol Microbiol 50: 133 (2000)

Trichosporonaceae Nann., Repert. mic. uomo: 285 (1934)

Trichosporon Behrend, Berliner Klin. Wochenschr. 21: 464 (1890)

1. T. arenicola J.A. Lima & L.A. Queiroz, Publicações Inst. Micol. Recife 690: 2 (1972)

2. T. asahii Akagi ex Sugita, A. Nishikawa & Shinoda, J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol., Tokyo 40(5): 405 (1994)

3. T. coremiiforme (M. Moore) E. Guého & M.T. Sm., Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 61(4): 308 (1992)

4. T. cutaneum (Beurm., Gougerot & Vaucher bis) M. Ota, Annls Parasit. hum. comp. 4: 12 (1926)

5. T. japonicum Sugita & Nakase, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 48(4): 1426 (1998)

Vanrija R.T. Moore, Botanica Marina 23 (6): 367 (1980)

1. V. humicola (Dasz.) R.T. Moore, Botanica Marina 23 (6): 368 (1980)

Cryptococcaceae Kütz. ex Castell. & Chalm., Manual of Tropical Medicine: 1070 (1919)

Cryptococcus Vuill., Revue Générale des Sciences Pures et Appliquées 12: 741 (1901)

1. Cr. deuterogattii Hagen & Boekhout, In: Hagen F, Khayhan K, Theelen B, Kolecka A Polacheck I, Sionov E, Falk R, Parnmen S, Lumbsch JT, Boekhout T Fungal Genet. Biol. (In Press) (2015)

2. Cr. neoformans (San Felice) Vuill., Rev. Gén. Sci. Pures Appl. 12: 747–750 (1901)


4. FILOBASIDIALES Jülich, Biblthca Mycol. 85: 324 (1981)

Filobasidiaceae L.S. Olive, J. Elisha Mitchell scient. Soc. 84: 261 (1968)

Filobasidium L.S. Olive, J. Elisha Mitchell Scient. Soc. 84: 261 (1968)

1. F. capsuligenum (Fell, Statzell, I.L. Hunter & Phaff) Rodr. Mir., Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 38(1): 96 (1972)

2. F. chernovii (Á. Fonseca, Scorzetti & Fell) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 118 (2015)

3. F. magnum (Lodder & Kreger-van Rij) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 118 (2015)

4. F. uniguttulatus Kwon-Chung, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 27(3): 293 (1977)

Naganishia Goto, J. Fermen. Technol. Osaka 41: 461 (1963)

1. N. albida (Saito) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 118 (2015)

2. N. liquefaciens (Saito & M. Ota) X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 119 (2015)

3. N. qatarensis Fotedar et al., Int J Syst Evol Microbiol., 68(9): 2918 (2018)

Piskurozymaceae X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 120 (2015)

Solicoccozyma X.Z. Liu, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 121 (2015)

1. S. keelungensis (C.F. Chang & S.M. Liu) A.M. Yurkov, Studies in Mycology 81: 121 (2015)

2. S. terrea (Di Menna) A.M. Yurkov, Studies in Mycology 81: 122 (2015)


Subphyllum: Pucciniomycotina

Class: Microbotryomycetesincertae sedis

Pseudohyphozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 184 (2015)

1. P. bogoriensis (Deinema) Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 185 (2015)

Sampaiozyma Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 185 (2015)

1. S. ingeniosa (Di Menna) Q.M. Wang, F.Y. Bai, M. Groenew. & Boekhout, Studies in Mycology 81: 186 (2015)


1. KRIEGERIALES Toome & Aime, Mycologia 105 (2): 489 (2013)

Camptobasidiaceae R.T. Moore, Mycotaxon 59: 8 (1996)

Glaciozyma Turchetti, L.B. Connell, Thomas-Hall & Boekhout, Extremophiles 15(5): 579 (2011)

1. G. antarctica (Fell, Statzell, I.L. Hunter & Phaff) Turchetti, L.B. Connell, Thomas-Hall & Boe