Skip to main content

One hundred noteworthy boletes from China

Abstract

Fungi of the family Boletaceae are of great importance in both ecology and economy. Our previous molecular phylogenetic studies have shown this family to have an extremely high species diversity in China. To further document the Chinese boletes, morphological studies and phylogenetic analyses were conducted including species of Boletaceae from China and other parts of the world. The results indicate that seven subfamily-level major clades and 62 generic clades can be retrieved, 52 of which are found in China. Furthermore, 100 species (comprising 32 genera) common in China are illustrated and described here in detail. Among them, four genera and 46 species are new to science, and 26 new combinations are proposed. To interpret the species concepts consistently, epitypes for five species are designated based on collections made from or near the type localities. Notes on eight extralimital species are also provided. Among the species reported here, most of the species are known only from East Asia. Only Leccinum scabrum (Bull.) Gray, Porphyrellus porphyrosporus (Fr. & Hök) E.-J. Gilbert and Tylopilus felleus (Bull.) P. Karst. are widely distributed in the Holarctic, and Buchwaldoboletus lignicola (Kallenb.) Pilát; Strobilomyces strobilaceus (Scop.) Berk. are in Eurasia; while Aureoboletus mirabilis (Murrill) Halling, Harrya chromapes (Frost) Halling et al., and Sutorius eximius (Peck) Halling et al. are found throughout East Asia-North America based on morphological and molecular phylogenetic evidences.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16
Fig. 17
Fig. 18
Fig. 19
Fig. 20
Fig. 21
Fig. 22
Fig. 23
Fig. 24
Fig. 25
Fig. 26
Fig. 27
Fig. 28
Fig. 29
Fig. 30
Fig. 31
Fig. 32
Fig. 33
Fig. 34
Fig. 35
Fig. 36
Fig. 37
Fig. 38
Fig. 39
Fig. 40
Fig. 41
Fig. 42
Fig. 43
Fig. 44
Fig. 45
Fig. 46
Fig. 47
Fig. 48
Fig. 49
Fig. 50
Fig. 51
Fig. 52
Fig. 53
Fig. 54
Fig. 55
Fig. 56
Fig. 57
Fig. 58
Fig. 59
Fig. 60
Fig. 61
Fig. 62
Fig. 63
Fig. 64
Fig. 65
Fig. 66
Fig. 67
Fig. 68
Fig. 69
Fig. 70
Fig. 71
Fig. 72
Fig. 73
Fig. 74
Fig. 75
Fig. 76
Fig. 77
Fig. 78
Fig. 79
Fig. 80
Fig. 81
Fig. 82
Fig. 83
Fig. 84
Fig. 85
Fig. 86
Fig. 87
Fig. 88
Fig. 89
Fig. 90
Fig. 91
Fig. 92
Fig. 93
Fig. 94
Fig. 95
Fig. 96
Fig. 97
Fig. 98
Fig. 99
Fig. 100
Fig. 101
Fig. 102
Fig. 103
Fig. 104
Fig. 105
Fig. 106
Fig. 107
Fig. 108
Fig. 109
Fig. 110
Fig. 111
Fig. 112
Fig. 113
Fig. 114
Fig. 115
Fig. 116
Fig. 117
Fig. 118
Fig. 119
Fig. 120
Fig. 121

References

  1. Alessio CL (1985) Fungi Europaei 2: Boletus Dill. ex L. (sensu lato) Libreria editrice Biella Giovanna, Saronno

  2. Alessio CL (1991) Fungi Europaei 2A: Supplemento a Boletus Dill. ex L. (sensu lato). Libreria editrice Biella Giovanna, Saronno

  3. Ariyawansa HA, Hawksworth DL, Hyde KD, Jones EG, Maharachchikumbura SS, Manamgoda DS, Thambugala KM, Udayanga D, Camporesi E, Daranagama A (2014) Epitypification and neotypification: guidelines with appropriate and inappropriate examples. Fungal Divers 69:57–91

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Arora D, Frank JL (2014) Clarifying the butter Boletes: a new genus, Butyriboletus, is established to accommodate Boletus sect. Appendiculati, and six new species are described. Mycologia 106:464–480

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Assyov B, Gyosheva MM (2010) First encounters of Boletus subappendiculatus (Boletaceae) in Bulgaria. Phytol Balc 16:323–327

    Google Scholar 

  6. Berkeley MJ (1851) Decades of fungi. Decades XXXIV. Sikkim Himalaya fungi, collected by Dr. J.D. Hooker. Hooker’s J Bot Kew Gard Misc 3:77–84

    Google Scholar 

  7. Bessette A, Roody WC, Bessette AR (2000) North American Boletes: a color guide to the fleshy pored mushrooms. Syracuse University Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  8. Bi ZS, Li TH (1990) New taxon and new records of the genus Suillus from Guangdong. Acta Microbiol Sin 9:20–24

    Google Scholar 

  9. Bi ZS, Lu DJ, Zheng GY (1982) Basidiomycetes from Dinghu Mountain of China. II. Some species of Boletaceae (1). Acta Bot Yunnanica 4:55–64

    Google Scholar 

  10. Bi ZS, Li TH, Zheng GY, Li C (1984) Basidiomycetes from Dinghu Mountain of China. III. Some species of Boletaceae (2). Acta Mycol Sin 3:199–206

    Google Scholar 

  11. Bi ZS, Zheng GY, Li TH (1990) Macrofungus flora of the mountainous district of North Guangdong. Guangdong Science and Technology Press, Guangdong

    Google Scholar 

  12. Bi ZS, Guoyang Z, Taihui L (1993) The macrofungus flora of China’s Guangdong Province. Chinese University Press, Hong Kong

    Google Scholar 

  13. Bi ZS, Li TH, Zhang WM, Song B (1997) A preliminary agaric flora of Hainan Province. Guangdong Higher Education Press, Guangzhou

    Google Scholar 

  14. Binder M, Bresinsky A (2002) Retiboletus, a new genus for a species-complex in the Boletaceae producing retipolides. Feddes Repert 113:30–40

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Binder M, Hibbett DS (2007) Molecular systematics and biological diversification of Boletales. Mycologia 98:971–981

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Both E (1998) New taxa of boletes and two boletes with identity problems. Bull Buffalo Soc Nat Sci 36:215–232

    Google Scholar 

  17. Chen CM, Yeh KW (2000) The boletes of Taiwan (XI). Taiwania 45:201–206

    Google Scholar 

  18. Chen CM, Huang HW, Yeh KW (1997a) The boletes of Taiwan (VI). Taiwania 42:154–160

    Google Scholar 

  19. Chen CM, Huang HW, Yeh KW (1997b) The boletes of Taiwan (VII). Taiwania 42:174–179

    Google Scholar 

  20. Chen CM, Perng JJ, Yeh KW (1997c) The boletes of Taiwan (VIII). Taiwania 42:316–323

    Google Scholar 

  21. Chen CM, Perng JJ, Yeh KW (1998a) The boletes of Taiwan (IX). Taiwania 43:132–139

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Chen CM, Yeh KW, Hsu HK (1998b) The boletes of Taiwan (X). Taiwania 43:140–149

    Google Scholar 

  23. Chiu WF (1948) The Boletes of Yunnan. Mycologia 40:199–231

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Chiu WF (1957) Atlas of the Yunnan Bolets. Science Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  25. Cooke MC (1889) New Australian fungi. Grevillea 18:1–8

    Google Scholar 

  26. Corner EJH (1971) Phylloporus Quél. and Paxillus Fr. in Malaya and Borneo. Nova Hedwig 20:793–822

    Google Scholar 

  27. Corner EJH (1972) Boletus in Malaysia. Botanic Gardens, Singapore

    Google Scholar 

  28. Cui YY, Feng B, Wu G, Xu J, Yang ZL (2016) Porcini mushrooms (Boletus sect. Boletus) from China. Fungal Divers. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0336-7

    Google Scholar 

  29. Das K, Dentinger BT (2015) Austroboletus olivaceoglutinosus, a new mushroom species from Sikkim, India with a distinctive green, glutinous pileus. Kew Bull 70:1–7

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. den Bakker HC, Noordeloos M (2005) A revision of European species of Leccinum Gray and notes on extralimital species. Persoonia 18:511–587

    Google Scholar 

  31. Dentinger BT, Ammirati JF, Both EE, Desjardin DE, Halling RE, Henkel TW, Moreau PA, Nagasawa E, Soytong K, Taylor AF, Watling R, Moncalvo JM, McLaughlin DJ (2010) Molecular phylogenetics of porcini mushrooms (Boletus section Boletus). Mol Phylogenet Evol 57:1276–1292

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Dick EA, Snell WH (1965) Notes on Boletes. XV. Mycologia 57:448–458

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Estades A, Lannoy G (2004) Les bolets européens. Bulletin Mycologique et Botanique Dauphiné-Savoie 44:3–79

    Google Scholar 

  34. Feng B, Xu J, Wu G, Hosen MI, Zeng NK, Li YC, Tolgor B, Kost GW, Yang ZL (2012) DNA sequence analyses reveal abundant diversity, endemism and evidence for Asian origin of the porcini mushrooms. PLoS One 7:e37567

    CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Frost CC (1874) Catalogue of boleti of New England, with descriptions of new species. Bull Buffalo Soc Nat Sci 2:100–105

    Google Scholar 

  36. Fu S-Z, Wang Q-B, Yao Y-J (2006) Tylopilus microsporus, a new species from Southwest China. Mycotaxon 96:41–46

    Google Scholar 

  37. Fulgenzi TD, Halling RE, Henkel TW (2010) Fistulinella cinereoalba sp. nov. and new distribution records for Austroboletus from Guyana. Mycologia 102:224–232

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Fv Höhnel (1914) Fragmente zur Mykologie (XVI. Mitteilung, Nr. 813 bis 875). Sitzungsber K Akad Wiss, Math-Naturwiss Kl 123:49–155

    Google Scholar 

  39. Ge ZW, Yang ZL (2005) Strobilomyces mirandus, a species new to China. Mycosystema 24:143–144

    Google Scholar 

  40. Gelardi M, Vizzini A, Ercole E, Voyron S, Sun J-Z, Liu X-Z (2013) Boletus sinopulverulentus, a new species from Shaanxi Province (central China) and notes on Boletus and Xerocomus. Sydowia 65:45–57

    Google Scholar 

  41. Gilbert EJ (1931) Les bolets. Librairie E. Le François, Paris

    Google Scholar 

  42. Halling RE, Ortiz-Santana B (2009) A revision of Boletellus sect. Ixocephali. Mycol Prog 8(3):237–244

    Article  Google Scholar 

  43. Halling RE, Osmundson TW, Neves M-A (2008) Pacific boletes: implications for biogeographic relationships. Mycol Res 112:437–447

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  44. Halling RE, Nuhn M, Osmundson T, Fechner N, Trappe JM, Soytong K, Arora D, Hibbett DS, Binder M (2012) Affinities of the Boletus chromapes group to Royoungia and the description of two new genera, Harrya and Australopilus. Aust Syst Bot 25:418–431

    Article  Google Scholar 

  45. Halling RE, Fechner N, Nuhn M, Osmundson T, Soytong K, Arora D, Binder M, Hibbett D (2015) Evolutionary relationships of Heimioporus and Boletellus (Boletales) with an emphasis on Australian taxa including new species and new combinations in Aureoboletus, Hemileccinum, and Xerocomus. Aust Syst Bot 28:1–22

    Article  Google Scholar 

  46. Hansen L, Knudsen H (1992) Nordic macromycetes: Vol. 2. Polyporales, Boletales, Agaricales, Russulales. Nordsvamp, Copenhagen

    Google Scholar 

  47. Herpell G (1912) Beitrag zur Kenntnis der zu den Hymenomyceten gehörigen Hutpilze in den Rheinlanden. Hedwigia 52:364–392

    Google Scholar 

  48. Hongo T (1960) The agaricales of Japan I-2. Rhodophyllaceae, Paxillaceae, Gomphidiaceae. Boletaceae and Strobilomycetaceae. Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 18:97–112

    Google Scholar 

  49. Hongo T (1966) Notulae mycologicae (5). Mem Shiga Univ 16:57–62

    Google Scholar 

  50. Hongo T (1967) Notes on Japanese larger fungi (19). J Jpn Bot 42:151–160

    Google Scholar 

  51. Hongo T (1968) Notulae mycologicae (7): auctore. Mem Shiga Univ 18:34–39

    Google Scholar 

  52. Hongo T (1969) Notes on Japanese larger fungi (20). J Jpn Bot 44:230–238

    Google Scholar 

  53. Hongo T (1973) Enumeration of the Hygrophoraceae, Boletaceae and Strobilomycetaceae. Bull Nat Sci Mus Tokyo 16:537–557

    Google Scholar 

  54. Hongo T (1974) Notes on Japanese larger fungi (21). J Jpn Bot 49:294–305

    Google Scholar 

  55. Hongo T (1979a) Notes on Japanese larger fungi (22). J Jpn Bot 54:301–310

    Google Scholar 

  56. Hongo T (1979b) Two new boletes from Japan. Beihefte zur Sydowia 8:198–201

    Google Scholar 

  57. Hongo T (1982) Materials for the fungus flora of Japan (32). Trans Mycol Soc Jpn 23:195–200

    Google Scholar 

  58. Hongo T (1985) Notes on Japanese larger fungi (23). J Jpn Bot 60:370–378

    Google Scholar 

  59. Hongo T, Izawa M (1994) Yama-Kei field book on mushrooms. Yama-Kei Publishers Co., Ltd., Tokyo

    Google Scholar 

  60. Hongo T, Nagasawa E (1976) Notes on some boleti from Tottori II. Rep Tottori Mycol Inst 14:85–89

    Google Scholar 

  61. Hongo T, Nagasawa E (1980) Notes on some boleti from Tottori V. Rep Tottori Mycol Inst 18:133–141

    Google Scholar 

  62. Horak E (1980) Supplementary remarks to Austroboletus (Corner) Wolfe (Boletaceae). Sydowia 33:71–87

    Google Scholar 

  63. Horak E (2011) Revision of Malaysian species of Boletales sl (Basidiomycota) described by EJH Corner (1972, 1974). Malay For Rec 51:1–283

    Google Scholar 

  64. Klofac W (2010) The genus Aureoboletus, a world-wide survey. A contribution to a monographic treatment. Österreichische Zeitschrift fur Pilzkunde 19:133–174

    Google Scholar 

  65. Kornerup A, Wanscher JH (1981) Taschenlexikon der Farben, 3rd edn. Muster-Schmidt Verlag, Aufl. Göttingen

  66. Ladurner H, Simonini G (2003) Europaei 8: Xerocomus s.l. (in Italy). Candusso Edizioni, Alassio

    Google Scholar 

  67. Li TH, Song B, Shen YH (2002) A new species of Tylopilus from Guangdong. Mycosystema 21:3–5

    Google Scholar 

  68. Li H, Wu X, Ying G, Wei H, Fu L, Wu Q, Xu L, Liu Q (2007) Authentication of fungal mycelium isolated from Boletus appendiculatus fruitbody tissue using RAPD and ITS markers. Acta Edulis Fungi 14:1–5

    Google Scholar 

  69. Li YC, Yang ZL, Bau T (2009) Phylogenetic and biogeographic relationships of Chroogomphus species as inferred from molecular and morphological data. Fungal Divers 38:85–104

    Google Scholar 

  70. Li YC, Feng B, Yang ZL (2011) Zangia, a new genus of Boletaceae supported by molecular and morphological evidence. Fungal Divers 49:125–143

    Article  Google Scholar 

  71. Li HB, Wei HL, Peng HZ, Ding HM, Wang LL, He L, Fu LZ (2014a) Boletus roseoflavus, a new species of Boletus in section Appendiculati from China. Mycol Prog 13:21–31

    Article  Google Scholar 

  72. Li YC, Li F, Zeng NK, Cui YY, Yang ZL (2014b) A new genus Pseudoaustroboletus (Boletaceae, Boletales) from Asia as inferred from molecular and morphological data. Mycol Prog 13:1207–1216

    Google Scholar 

  73. Li YC, Ortiz-Santana B, Zeng NK, Feng B, Yang ZL (2014c) Molecular phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus Veloporphyrellus. Mycologia 106:291–306

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  74. Mao XL (2000) The macrofungi in China. Henan Science and Technology, Zhengzhou

    Google Scholar 

  75. Massee G (1909) Fungi exotici: IX. Bull Misc Inf (R Gard, Kew) 1909:204–209

  76. McNeill J, Barrie FR, Buck WR, Demoulin V, Greuter W, Hawksworth DL, Herendeen PS, Knapp S, Marhold K, Prado J, Prud’homme van Reine WF, Smith GE, Wiersema JH, Turland NJ (eds) (2012) International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code) adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011. [Regnum Vegetabile No. 154]. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königsten

  77. Muñoz JA (2005) Fungi Europaei 2: Boletus s.l.: Strobilomycetaceae, Gyroporaceae, Gyrodontaceae, Suillaceae, Boletaceae. Edizioni Candusso, Alassio

    Google Scholar 

  78. Murrill WA (1908) Boleti from Western North Carolina. Torreya 8:209–217

    Google Scholar 

  79. Murrill WA (1912) Polyporaceae and Boletaceae of the pacific coast. Mycologia 4:91–100

    Article  Google Scholar 

  80. Murrill WA (1938) New boletes. Mycologia 30:520–525

    Article  Google Scholar 

  81. Murrill WA (1940) Additions to Florida fungi-II. Bull Torrey Bot Club:57–66

  82. Murrill WA (1948) Florida boletes. Lloydia 11:21–35

    Google Scholar 

  83. Nagasawa E (1997) A preliminary checklist of the Japanese Agaricales. I. The Boletineae. Rep Tottori Mycol Inst 35:39–78

    Google Scholar 

  84. Nuhn ME, Binder M, Taylor AFS, Halling RE, Hibbett DS (2013) Phylogenetic overview of the Boletineae. Fungal Biol 117:479–511

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  85. Ortiz-Santana B, Roody WC, Both EE (2009) A new arenicolous Boletus from the Gulf Coast of northern Florida. Mycotaxon 107:243–247

    Article  Google Scholar 

  86. Patouillard NT (1895) Enumeration des champignons recoltes par les RR. PP. Farges at Soulie, dans le Thibet oriental at le Su-tchuen. Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France 11:196–199

    Google Scholar 

  87. Peck CH (1872) Report of the botanist (1870). Ann Rep New York State Mus Nat Hist 24:41–108

    Google Scholar 

  88. Peck CH (1897) Report of the state botanist (1896). Ann Rep New York State Mus Nat Hist 50:77–159

    Google Scholar 

  89. Pegler D, Young T (1981) A natural arrangement of the Boletales, with reference to spore morphology. Trans Br Mycol Soc 76:103–146

    Article  Google Scholar 

  90. Peintner U (2003) Xerocomus cisalpinus sp. nov., and the delimitation of species in the X. chrysenteron complex based on morphology and rDNA-LSU sequences. Mycol Res 107:659–679

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  91. Peintner U, Ladurner H, Simonini G (2003) Xerocomus cisalpinus sp. nov., and the delimitation of species in the X. chrysenteron complex based on morphology and rDNA-LSU sequences. Mycol Res 107:659–679

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  92. Petersen RH, Hughes KW, Adamčík S, Tkalčec Z, Mešić A (2012) Typification of three European species epithets attributable to Strobilomyces (Boletales). Czech Mycol 64:141–163

    Google Scholar 

  93. Rauschert S (1987) Nomenklatorische Studien bei Höheren Pilzen. III: Röhrlinge (Boletales). Nova Hedwig 45:501–508

    Google Scholar 

  94. Redeuilh G, Soop K (2006) Nomenclature et taxinomie des genres affines à Fistulinella (Boletaceae) et Fistulinella lutea sp. nov. de Nouvelle-Zélande. Bull Trimest Soc Mycol Fr 122:291–304

    Google Scholar 

  95. Saccardo P (1895) Sylloge fungorum. Sylloge Fungorum 11:1–433

    Google Scholar 

  96. Sato H, Hattori T (2015) New species of Boletellus Section Boletellus (Boletaceae, Boletales) from Japan, B. aurocontextus sp. nov. and B. areolatus sp. nov. PLoS One 10:e0128184

    PubMed  PubMed Central  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  97. Sato H, Murakami N (2009) Strobilomyces verruculosus sp. nov. from Japan. Mycoscience 50:173–178

    Article  Google Scholar 

  98. Sato H, Yumoto T, Murakami N (2007) Cryptic species and host specificity in the ectomycorrhizal genus Strobilomyces (Strobilomycetaceae). Am J Bot 94:1630–1641

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  99. Sato H, Hattori T, Lee SS, Murakami N (2011) Two species of Strobilomyces (Boletaceae, Boletales), S. seminudus and S. hongoi sp. nov. from Japan. Mycologia 103:598–609

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  100. Shi XF, Liu PG (2013) Aureoboletus zangii (Boletaceae), a new species from China. Mycotaxon 123:451–456

    Article  Google Scholar 

  101. Singer R (1945a) The Boletineae of Florida with notes on extralimital species. I. Strobilomycetaceae. Farlowia 2:97–141

    Google Scholar 

  102. Singer R (1945b) New Boletaceae from Florida (a preliminary communication). Mycologia:797–799

  103. Singer R (1947) The Boletineae of Florida with notes on extralimital species III. The Boletoideae of Florida. Am Midl Nat 37:1–135

    Article  Google Scholar 

  104. Singer R (1986) The Agaricales in modern taxonomy, 4th edn. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein

    Google Scholar 

  105. Smith AH, Thiers HD (1971) The boletes of Michigan. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor

    Google Scholar 

  106. Snell WH, Dick EA (1941) Notes on boletes. VI. Mycologia 33:23–37

    Article  Google Scholar 

  107. Snell WH, Dick EA (1961) Notes on boletes. XIV. Mycologia 53:228–236

    Article  Google Scholar 

  108. Takahashi H (1988) A new species of Boletus sect. Luridi and a new combination in Mucilopilus. Trans Mycol Soc Jpn 29:115–123

    Google Scholar 

  109. Takahashi H (2002) Two new species and one new combination of Agaricales from Japan. Mycoscience 43:397–403

    Article  Google Scholar 

  110. Takahashi H (2007) Five new species of the Boletaceae from Japan. Mycoscience 48:90–99

    Article  Google Scholar 

  111. Takahashi H, Taneyama Y, Koyama A (2011) Boletus kermesinus, a new species of Boletus section Luridi from central Honshu, Japan. Mycoscience 52:419–424

    Article  Google Scholar 

  112. Takahashi H, Taneyama Y, Degawa Y (2013) Notes on the boletes of Japan 1. Four new species of the genus Boletus from central Honshu, Japan. Mycoscience 54:458–468

    Article  Google Scholar 

  113. Teng SC (1932) Some new species of fungi. Contrib Biol Lab Sci Soc China 8:99–102

    Google Scholar 

  114. Teng SC (1963) Fungi of China. Science Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  115. Terashima Y, Takahashi H, Taneyama Y (2016) The fungal flora in southwestern Japan: agarics and boletes. Tokai University Press, Tokyo

    Google Scholar 

  116. Thiers HD (1975) California mushrooms: a field guide to the boletes. Hafner Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  117. Thiers B (2014) Index Herbariorum: a global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden’s Virtual Herbarium Disponível em. http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/

  118. Thiers HD, Trappe JM (1969) Studies in the Genus Gastroboletus. Brittonia 21:244–254

    Article  Google Scholar 

  119. Vellinga EC, Kuyper TW, Ammirati J, Desjardin DE, Halling RE, Justo A, Læssøe T, Lebel T, Lodge DJ, Matheny PB (2015) Six simple guidelines for introducing new genera of fungi. IMA Fungus 6:65–68

    Google Scholar 

  120. Vizzini A (2014) Exsudoporus Vizzini, Simonini & Gelardi, gen.nov. Index Fungorum 183:1

    Google Scholar 

  121. Wang XH, Liu PG (2002) Notes on several boleti from Yunnan, China. Mycotaxon 84:125–134

    Google Scholar 

  122. Wang QB, Li TH, Yao YJ (2003) A new species of Boletus from Gansu Province, China. Mycotaxon 88:439–446

    Google Scholar 

  123. Watling R (1970) British Fungus Flora - Agarics and Boleti, I: Boletaceae, Gomphidiaceae, Paxillaceae. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, Royal Botanical Garden, Edinburgh

    Google Scholar 

  124. Wolfe CB (1979) Austroboletus and Tylopilus subgenus Porphyrellus, with emphasis on North American taxa. J. Cramer, Berlin

    Google Scholar 

  125. Wolfe CB, Bougher NL (1993) Systematics, mycogeography, and evolutionary history of Tylopilus subg. Roseoscarbra in Australia elucidated by comparison with Asian and American Species. Aust Syst Bot 6:187–213

    Article  Google Scholar 

  126. Wolfe CB, Petersen RH (1978) The type of Boletus fumosipes. Mycologia 70:676–679

    Article  Google Scholar 

  127. Wolfe CB, Singer R, Walsh R (1988) Notes on neotropical Austroboletus species. Mycologia 80:46–53

    Article  Google Scholar 

  128. Wu G, Feng B, Xu J, Zhu XT, Li YC, Zeng NK, Hosen MI, Yang ZL (2014) Molecular phylogenetic analyses redefine seven major clades and reveal 22 new generic clades in the fungal family Boletaceae. Fungal Divers 69:93–115

    Article  Google Scholar 

  129. Wu G, Zhao K, Li YC, Zeng NK, Feng B, Halling R, Yang ZL (2016) Four new genera of the fungal family Boletaceae. Fungal Divers. doi:10.1007/s13225-015-0322-0

    Google Scholar 

  130. Xiang CL, Dong Z-H, Peng H, Liu Z-W (2010) Trichome micromorphology of the East Asiatic genus Chelonopsis (Lamiaceae) and its systematic implications. Flora-Morphol Distrib Funct Ecol Plants 205:434–441

    Article  Google Scholar 

  131. Xiang CL, Gitzendanner MA, Soltis DE, Peng H, Lei L-G (2012) Phylogenetic placement of the enigmatic and critically endangered genus Saniculiphyllum (Saxifragaceae) inferred from combined analysis of plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol 64:357–367

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  132. Yan WJ, Li TH, Zhang M, Li T (2013) Xerocomus porophyllus sp. nov., morphologically intermediate between Phylloporus and Xerocomus. Mycotaxon 124:255–262

    Article  Google Scholar 

  133. Yang ZL (1997) Die Amanita-Arten von Südwestchina. Bibliotheca Mycologica 170:1–240

    Google Scholar 

  134. Yang ZL (2005) Diversity and biogeography of higher fungi in China. In: Xu JP (ed) Evolutionary genetics of fungi. Horizon Bioscience, Norfolk, pp 35–62

    Google Scholar 

  135. Yang ZL, Wang XH, Binder M (2003) A study of the type and additional materials of Boletus thibetanus. Mycotaxon 86:283–290

    Google Scholar 

  136. Yeh KW, Chen ZC (1980) The Boletes of Taiwan (I). Taiwania 25:166–184

    Google Scholar 

  137. Yeh KW, Chen ZC (1981) The Boletes of Taiwan (II). Taiwania 26:100–115

    Google Scholar 

  138. Yeh KW, Chen ZC (1982) The Boletes of Taiwan (III). Taiwania 27:52–63

    Google Scholar 

  139. Yeh KW, Chen ZC (1983) Boletes of Taiwan (IV). Taiwania 28:122–127

    Google Scholar 

  140. Yeh KW, Chen ZC (1985) Boletes of Taiwan (V)-two new species. Trans Mycol Soc Repub China 1:71–76

    Google Scholar 

  141. Ying JZ (1986) New species of the genus Xerocomus from China. Acta Microbiol Sin Suppl I:309–315

  142. Ying JZ, Ma QM (1985) New taxa and records of the genus Strobilomyces in China. Acta Microbiol Sin 4:95–102

    Google Scholar 

  143. Ying GH, Lu ML, Chen YL, Mei JW, Jia YN, Gu XW (2005) The current situation of Boletus appendiculatus picking and the counter measures. Acta Edulis Fungi 12:46–50

    Google Scholar 

  144. Zang M (1980) Some new species of Basidiomycetes from the Xizang autonomous region of China. Acta Microbiol Sin 20:29–34

    Google Scholar 

  145. Zang M (1985) Notes on the Boletales from eastern Himalayas and adjacent of China. Acta Bot Yunnanica 7:383–401

    Google Scholar 

  146. Zang M (1986) Notes on the Boletales from eastern Himalayas and adjacent of China (2). Acta Bot Yunnanica 8:1–22

    Google Scholar 

  147. Zang M (1992) Sinoboletus, a new genus of Boletaceae from China. Mycotaxon 45:223–227

    Google Scholar 

  148. Zang M (1996) A contribution to the taxonomy and distribution of the genus Xerocomus from China. Fungal Sci 11:1–15

    Google Scholar 

  149. Zang M (1999) An annotated check-list of the genus Boletus and its sections from China. Fungal Sci 14:79–87

    Google Scholar 

  150. Zang M (2006) Flora fungorum sinicorum. Vol. 22, Boletaceae (I). Science Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  151. Zang M (2013) Flora fungorum sinicorum. Vol. 44, Boletaceae (II). Science Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  152. Zang M, Petersen RH (2004) Notes on tropical boletes from Asia. Acta Bot Yunnanica 26:619–627

    Google Scholar 

  153. Zang M, Zeng XL (1978) A preliminary study on the family Paxillaceae of Yunnan and Tibet, China. Acta Microbiol Sin 18:279–286

    Google Scholar 

  154. Zang M, Hu MR, Liu WP (1991) Two new taxa of Boletaceae from Fujian. Acta Bot Yunnanica 13:149–152

    Google Scholar 

  155. Zang M, Li B, Xi J, Zhang D (1996) Fungi of Hengduan mountains. Science Press, Beijing

    Google Scholar 

  156. Zang M, Li TH, Petersen RH (2001) Five new species of Boletaceae from China. Mycotaxon 80:481–488

    Google Scholar 

  157. Zeng NK, Yang ZL (2011) Notes on two species of Boletellus (Boletaceae, Boletales) from China. Mycotaxon 115:413–423

  158. Zeng NK, Cai Q, Yang ZL (2012) Corneroboletus, a new genus to accommodate the southeast Asian Boletus indecorus. Mycologia 104:1420–1432

    CAS  PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  159. Zeng NK, Liang ZQ, Yang ZL (2013a) Boletus orientialbus, a new species with white basidioma from subtropical China. Mycoscience 55:159–163

    Article  Google Scholar 

  160. Zeng NK, Tang LP, Li YC, Tolgor B, Zhu XT, Zhao Q, Yang ZL (2013b) The genus Phylloporus (Boletaceae, Boletales) from China: morphological and multilocus DNA sequence analyses. Fungal Divers 58:73–101

    Article  Google Scholar 

  161. Zeng NK, Wu G, Li YC, Liang ZQ, Yang ZL (2014) Crocinoboletus, a new genus of Boletaceae (Boletales) with unusual polyene pigments boletocrocins. Phytotaxa 175:133–140

    Article  Google Scholar 

  162. Zeng NK, Su MS, Liang ZQ, Yang ZL (2015) A geographical extension of the North American genus Bothia (Boletaceae, Boletales) to East Asia with a new species B. fujianensis from China. Mycol Prog 14:1–6

    Article  Google Scholar 

  163. Zeng NK, Liang ZQ, Wu G, Li Y, Yang ZL (2016) The genus Retiboletus in China. Mycologia. doi:10.3852/15-072

    Google Scholar 

  164. Zervakis GI, Polemis E, Dimou DM (2002) Mycodiversity studies in selected ecosystems of Greece: III. Macrofungi recorded in Quercus forests from southern Peloponnese. Mycotaxon 84:141–162

    Google Scholar 

  165. Zhang M, Li TH, Bau T, Song B (2012) A new species of Xerocomus from Southern China. Mycotaxon 121:23–27

    Article  Google Scholar 

  166. Zhang M, Li TH, Song B (2014) A new slender species of Aureoboletus from southern China. Mycotaxon 128:195–202

    Article  Google Scholar 

  167. Zhang M, Li TH, Wang CQ, Song B, Xu J (2015a) Aureoboletus formosus, a new bolete species from Hunan Province of China. Mycol Prog 14:1–7

    Article  Google Scholar 

  168. Zhang M, Li TH, Xu J, Song B (2015b) A new violet brown Aureoboletus (Boletaceae) from Guangdong of China. Mycoscience 56:481–485

    Article  Google Scholar 

  169. Zhao K, Wu G, Feng B, Yang ZL (2014a) Molecular phylogeny of Caloboletus (Boletaceae) and a new species in East Asia. Mycol Prog 13:1127–1136

    Google Scholar 

  170. Zhao K, Wu G, Yang ZL (2014b) A new genus, Rubroboletus, to accommodate Boletus sinicus and its allies. Phytotaxa 188:61–77

    Article  Google Scholar 

  171. Zhu XT, Li YC, Wu G, Feng B, Zhao K, Gelardi M, Kost GW, Yang ZL (2014) The genus Imleria (Boletaceae) in East Asia. Phytotaxa 191:81–98

    Article  Google Scholar 

  172. Zhu XT, Wu G, Zhao K, Halling RE, Yang ZL (2015) Hourangia, a new genus of Boletaceae to accommodate Xerocomus cheoi and its allied species. Mycol Prog. doi:10.1007/s11557-015-1060-0

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Dr. Bang Feng, Dr. Nian-Kai Zeng, Dr. Qing Cai, Dr. Xiao-Fei Shi, Dr. Jiao Qin, Mr. Qi Zhao, Mr. Xiao-Bin Liu, and Ms. Yan-Jia Hao (Kunming Institute of Botany, KIB), Dr. Ping Zhang (Hunan Normal University), Prof. Tai-Hui Li and Mr. Ming Zhang (Guangdong Institute of Microbiology), Dr. Flavius Popa (University of Marburg), Prof. Roy E. Halling (the New York Botanical Garden), and the herbaria GDGM, HMAS, MB, MHHNU, NY, TENN and TNS for providing valuable specimens on loan or for exchange, and Ailaoshan Station for Subtropical Forest Ecosystem Studies of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanic Garden for field-work support. Thanks are also given to Mr. Hui-fu Zhuang from Supercomputer Center located in KIB for helping to analyze the supermatrix, and Dr. Zong-Xin Ren (KIB) for help with scanning basidiospores. The authors are also grateful to the editor and anonymous reviewers for constructive comments and suggestions. This work was supported by the Funds for International Cooperation and Exchange of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31210103919); the Fundamental Research Program of the Ministry of Science and Technology, China (2013FY110400); the CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams; the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31370001, 31570025, 31560011); the National Natural Science Foundation for Young Scientists of China (31500023); the Natural Science Foundation of Yunnan Province (2013FB066); and the Youth Innovation Promotion Association, CAS (2016348).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zhu L. Yang.

Additional information

Gang Wu, Yan-Chun Li and Xue-Tai Zhu have equally contribute to this work.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 55 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wu, G., Li, YC., Zhu, XT. et al. One hundred noteworthy boletes from China. Fungal Diversity 81, 25–188 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-016-0375-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Boletaceae
  • Molecular phylogeny
  • Morphological documentation
  • Taxonomy