Classification of marine Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota

Abstract

This paper lists the accepted names and classification of marine fungi, updating the scheme presented in 2009. The classification includes 1,112 species (in 472 genera): Ascomycota 805 (in 352 genera), Basidiomycota 21 species (in 17 genera), Chytridiomycota and related phyla 26 species (in 13 genera), Zygomycota three (in two genera), Blastocladiomycota one species (one genus), asexual morphs of filamentous fungi 43 (in 26 genera); and marine yeasts: Ascomycota 138 species (in 35 genera), Basidiomycota 75 species (in 26 genera). These fungi belong to 129 families and 65 orders. The Halosphaeriaceae remains the largest family of marine fungi with 141 species in 59 genera, while the most specious genera are Aspergillus (47 species), Penicillium (39 species) and the yeast genus Candida (64 species). The review includes details of recent higher order nomenclature changes, and accounts of new families, genera and species described over the past 5 years.

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Acknowledgments

Gareth Jones is supported by the Distinguished Scientist Fellowship Program (DSFP), King Saud University. This Project was funded by the National Plan for Science, Technology and Innovation (MAARIFAH), King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Award Number (12-BIO2840-02.K.L). Pang would like to thank Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan for financial support (NSC101-2621-B-019-001-MY3). T. Boekhout is supported by a grant NPRP6-647-1-127 from the Qatar National Research Fund (a member of the Qatar Foundation). This research was also financially supported by The Biodiversity and Training Program (BRT R_251006, BRT R_351004, BRT_R352015) and National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), Thailand. We thank Drs. Holger Thüs and Patrick M. McCarthy for their comments on what constitutes littoral/intertidal lichens; Drs. Joyce Longcore, D. Reham Simmons, Serygey K. Karpov, Frank Gleason for their critical comments on marine chytrids; Drs. Teppo Rämä, Hans-Otto Baral and Ove E. Eriksson for allowing us to refer to their publication on Orbilia marina. Jack Fell for useful comments on marine yeasts; Rhiannon Owen for assistance with theses held at the Hugh Lloyd Library, University of Aberystwyth, Wales.

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Jones, E.B.G., Suetrong, S., Sakayaroj, J. et al. Classification of marine Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Blastocladiomycota and Chytridiomycota. Fungal Diversity 73, 1–72 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-015-0339-4

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Keywords

  • Fungal classification
  • Marine fungi
  • Molecular phylogeny
  • New taxa
  • Praelongicaulis gen. nov
  • Tirisporellales
  • Torpedosporales ordo nov