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Porcini mushrooms (Boletus sect. Boletus) from China

Abstract

Porcini mushrooms (Boletus sect. Boletus) have both economic and ecological importance. Recent molecular phylogenetic study has uncovered rich species diversity of this group of fungi from China. In this study, the Chinese porcini were characterized by both morphological and molecular phylogenetic evidence. 15 species were recognized, including nine new species, namely B. botryoides, B. fagacicola, B. griseiceps, B. monilifer, B. sinoedulis, B. subviolaceofuscus, B. tylopilopsis, B. umbrinipileus and B. viscidiceps. Three previously described species, viz. B. bainiugan, B. meiweiniuganjun and B. shiyong, were revised, and B. meiweiniuganjun is treated as a synonym of B. bainiugan. A key to the Chinese porcini mushrooms was provided.

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Aknowledgments

The authors are very grateful to the following colleagues for providing valuable specimens and images for this study, they are Dr. Zai-Wei Ge, Dr. Yan-Chun Li, Mr. Qi Zhao, Miss Li-Hong Han, Miss Yan-Jia Hao, Miss Jiao Qin, Mr. Kuan Zhao, Mr. Xiao-Bin Liu and Miss Shu Yao from Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Dr. Nian-Kai Zeng from Hainan Medical University. Prof. Dr. G. Kost (Department of Biology, University of Marburg, Germany) is thanked for his hospitality and arrangements during Yang’s visits to Marburg in 2006 and 2007. Dr. Metteo Gelardi is thanked for providing samples from Italy and for informative discussion about the macromorphological identifications of European Boletus species. Thanks are also due to the anonymous reviewers for their valuable suggestions and comments to the improvement of this paper. This work is supported by the Funds for International Cooperation and Exchange of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31210103919), the National Basic Research Program of China (2014CB138305) and the CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams.

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Correspondence to Zhu L. Yang.

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Yang-Yang Cui and Bang Feng contributed equally to this work.

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Cui, YY., Feng, B., Wu, G. et al. Porcini mushrooms (Boletus sect. Boletus) from China. Fungal Diversity 81, 189–212 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-015-0336-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-015-0336-7

Keywords

  • Boletes
  • Taxonomy
  • Morphology
  • Phylogeny
  • Wild edible mushrooms