Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Sordariomycetes

Abstract

Sordariomycetes is one of the largest classes of Ascomycota and is characterised by perithecial ascomata and inoperculate unitunicate asci. The class includes many important plant pathogens, as well as endophytes, saprobes, epiphytes, and fungicolous, lichenized or lichenicolous taxa. The class includes freshwater, marine and terrestrial taxa and has a worldwide distribution. This paper provides an updated outline of the Sordariomycetes and a backbone tree incorporating asexual and sexual genera in the class. Based on phylogeny and morphology we introduced three subclasses; Diaporthomycetidae, Lulworthiomycetidae and Meliolomycetidae and five orders; Amplistromatales, Annulatascales, Falcocladiales, Jobellisiales and Togniniales. The outline is based on literature to the end of 2014 and the backbone tree published in this paper. Notes for 397 taxa with information, such as new family and genera novelties, novel molecular data published since the Outline of Ascomycota 2009, and new links between sexual and asexual genera and thus synonymies, are provided. The Sordariomycetes now comprises six subclasses, 28 orders, 90 families and 1344 genera. In addition a list of 829 genera with uncertain placement in Sordariomycetes is also provided.

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Acknowledgments

This research was supported by Featured microbial resources and diversity investigation in Southwest Karst area (2014FY120100). The authors extend their sincere appreciations to the Deanship of Scientific Research at King Saud University for its funding this Prolific Research Group (PRG-1436-09). Kevin D. Hyde thanks the Chinese Academy of Sciences, project number 2013T2S0030, for the award of Visiting Professorship for Senior International Scientists at Kunming Institute of Botany. B.D. Shenoy acknowledges the funding to visit Mae Fah Luang University, Chiang Rai under Indo-Thailand Bilateral Programme (THAI-1205). Y.P. Xiao and T.C. Wen are grateful to The National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.31460012 & No.31200016). Shi-Ke Huang and J.C. Kang are grateful to the Agricultural Science and Technology Foundation of Guizhou Province (Nos. NY[2013]3042), the International Collaboration Plan of Guizhou Province (No. G [2012]7006) and the Innovation Team Construction for Science And Technology of Guizhou Province (No. [2012]4007) from the Science and Technology Department of Guizhou Province, China.

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Maharachchikumbura, S.S.N., Hyde, K.D., Jones, E.B.G. et al. Towards a natural classification and backbone tree for Sordariomycetes . Fungal Diversity 72, 199–301 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-015-0331-z

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Keywords

  • Boliniales
  • Calosphaeriales
  • Chaetosphaeriales
  • Coniochaetales
  • Coronophorales
  • Diaporthales
  • Glomerellales
  • Hypocreomycetidae
  • Hypocreales
  • Koralionastetales
  • Lulworthiales
  • Magnaporthales
  • Melanosporales
  • Meliolales
  • Microascales
  • Molecular identification
  • Nomenclature
  • Ophiostomatales
  • Phyllachorales
  • Sordariales
  • Sordariomycetidae
  • Taxonomy
  • Trichosphaeriales
  • Type species
  • Xylariales
  • Xylariomycetidae