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Revision of genera in Asterinales

Abstract

The order Asterinales comprises a single family, Asterinaceae. In this study, types or specimens of 41 genera of Asterinaceae are re-examined and re-described and illustrated by micrographs. Seventeen genera, namely Asterina (type genus), Asterinella, Asterotexis, Batistinula, Cirsosia, Echidnodella, Halbania, Lembosia, Meliolaster, Parasterinopsis, Platypeltella, Prillieuxina, Schenckiella (=Allothyrium), Trichasterina, Trichopeltospora, Uleothyrium and Vizellopsis, are maintained within Asterinaceae. Echidnodes, Lembosiella, Lembosina, Morenoina, and Thyriopsis are transferred to Aulographaceae based on morphological and molecular characteristics. Anariste is transferred to Micropeltidaceae, while Lembosiopsis is transferred to Mycosphaerellaceae. Placoasterella and Placosoma are morphologically close to taxa in Parmulariaceae, where they are transferred. Aulographina is placed in Teratosphaeriaceae, while Asterodothis, Asterinema, Dothidasteromella, Leveillella, Petrakina and Stephanotheca are transferred to Dothideomycetes, genera incertae sedis. Eupelte, Macowaniella, Maheshwaramyces, Parasterinella, and Vishnumyces are treated as doubtful genera, because of lack of morphological and molecular data. Aphanopeltis, Asterolibertia, Neostomella, Placoasterina, and Symphaster are synonyms of Asterina based on morphology, while Trichamelia, Viegasia, and Yamamotoa are synonyms of Lembosia. The characteristics of each family are discussed and a phylogenetic tree is included.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank the Humidtropics, a CGIAR Research Program that aims to develop new opportunities for improved livelihoods in a sustainable environment, for partially funding this work. Thank Plant Germplasm and Genomics Center in Germplasm Bank of Wild Species, Kunming Institute of Botany for the help of molecular work. Kevin D. Hyde thanks the Chinese Academy of Sciences, project number 2013T2S0030, for the award of Visiting Professorship for Senior International Scientists at Kunming Institute of Botany. We would like to acknowledge a research grant from Mae Fah Luang University, grant number 56101020032 to study Dothideomycetes in Thailand, the Biodiversity Research and Training Program (BRT R253012) and The Thailand Research Fund (BRG 5280002). The Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry provided financial support to Yanmei Li PhD’s study. Funds for research were provided by the Grant for Essential Scientific Research of National Non–profit Institute (no. CAFYBB2007002). The curators of the following herbaria are thanked for providing material on loan for this study: BPI, BR, FH, IMI, K, LPS, NY, P, PC, PDD, PREM, S, URM, W and ZT.

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Hongsanan, S., Li, YM., Liu, JK. et al. Revision of genera in Asterinales . Fungal Diversity 68, 1–68 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-014-0307-4

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Keywords

  • Asterina Asterinaceae Aulographaceae Lembosiaceae morphology type species taxonomy