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A large-scale phylogenetic revision of Roccellaceae (Arthoniales) reveals eight new genera

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Abstract

A two-locus phylogenetic hypothesis of the family Roccellaceae is presented based on data from the nuclear ribosomal large subunit (nucLSU) and the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (RPB2). This analysis includes 341 sequences (166 newly generated) and 180 specimens representing about 114 species. The genera Lecanactis, Roccellina, Schismatomma and Sigridea were found to be paraphyletic/polyphyletic. In order to make these groups monophyletic, the new genera Crocellina, Diromma, Gyrographa, Gyronactis, Ocellomma, Pseudoschismatomma, Psoronactis and Vigneronia are described. The genus Sagenidium is placed in synonymy with Lecanactis. The new species Enterographa incognita, Gyronactis asiatica and Lecanactis submollis are described. Several species of Opegrapha are transferred to the Roccellaceae. Sorediate morphs are recorded for the first time in the genus Syncesia.

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Acknowledgments

We warmly thank the curators of the herbaria BR, CDS, G, H, NY, S, TUR and UPS for the loan of specimens. Collection, export permits and support during field work were provided to DE by the staff of the Christoffel Park + the CARMABI research institute (Curaçao), the Parc Botanique et Zoologique de Tsimbazaza in Antananarivo + Ministère des Eaux et Forêts (Madagascar), the Rwanda Office for Tourism + National Parks ORTPN (Rwanda), the Office National des Forêts (ONF) + DIREN (Reunion), the Botanical Garden of Puerto de la Cruz (Tenerife) and the RAMK herbarium (Thailand). Allison Knight, Gintaras Kantvilas and Jan Vondrák kindly provided fresh specimens used in this study. Ann Bogaerts, Cyrille Gerstmans, Wim Baert and Myriam de Haan are thanked for technical assistance at the National Botanic Garden of Belgium. DE acknowledges financial support from the Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique (FNRS) from Belgium (F.R.F.C. # 2.4515.06). Permission to AF to perform field work in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park was granted by the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA/FOD/33/02) and the Uganda National Council for Science and Technology. The field work was kindly supported by the Institute of Tropical Forest Conservation (ITFC) in Ruhija. Miriam van Heist and the staff of ITFC are cordially thanked for their deep commitment and invaluable help during the stay of AF in Uganda. At the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences the project was kindly supported by Lena Gustafsson.

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Correspondence to Damien Ertz.

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Ertz, D., Tehler, A., Irestedt, M. et al. A large-scale phylogenetic revision of Roccellaceae (Arthoniales) reveals eight new genera. Fungal Diversity 70, 31–53 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-014-0286-5

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-014-0286-5

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