Capnodiaceae

Abstract

In this paper we revisit the Capnodiaceae with notes on selected genera. Type specimens of the ascomycetous genera Aithaloderma, Anopeltis, Callebaea, Capnodaria, Echinothecium, Phragmocapnias and Scorias were re-examined, described and illustrated. Leptoxyphium is anamorphic Capnodiaceae and Polychaeton is a legitimate and earlier name for Capnodium, but in order to maintain nomenclatural stability we propose that the teleomorphic name should be considered for the approved lists of names currently in preparation for fungi. Notes are provided on the ascomycetous genus Scoriadopsis. However, we were unable to locate the type of this genus during the time frame of this study. The ascomycetous genera Aithaloderma, Ceramoclasteropsis, Hyaloscolecostroma and Trichomerium are excluded from Capnodiaceae on the basis of having ascostromata and trans-septate hyaline ascospores and should be accommodated in Chaetothyriaceae. Callebaea is excluded as the ascomata are thyriothecia and the genus is placed in Micropeltidaceae. Echinothecium is excluded as synonym of Sphaerellothecium and is transferred to Mycosphaerellaceae. The type specimen of Capnophaeum is lost and this should be considered as a doubtful genus. The coelomycetous Microxiphium is polyphyletic, while the status of Fumiglobus, Polychaetella and Tripospermum is unclear. Fourteen new collections of sooty moulds made in Thailand were isolated and sequenced. The nuclear large and small rDNA was partially sequenced and compared in a phylogeny used to build a more complete understanding of the relationships of genera in Capnodiaceae. Four new species are described and illustrated, while Phragmocapnias and Scorias are epitypified with fresh collections.

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Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Thailand Research Fund BRG528002. The Global Research Network for Fungal Biology and King Saud University are also thanked for support. Library staff from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew are thanked for their support locating obscure literature and providing access to their collections. The curators from herbaria G, NY, S are thanked for loaning specimens. The second author acknowledges support by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH, National Library of Medicine.

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Correspondence to Kevin D. Hyde.

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Chomnunti, P., Schoch, C.L., Aguirre-Hudson, B. et al. Capnodiaceae . Fungal Diversity 51, 103–134 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-011-0145-6

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Keywords

  • Chaetothyriaceae
  • Micropeltidaceae
  • Molecular phylogeny
  • Sooty moulds