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Fungal Diversity

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 103–134 | Cite as

Capnodiaceae

  • Putarak Chomnunti
  • Conrad L. Schoch
  • Begoña Aguirre-Hudson
  • Thida W. Ko-Ko
  • Sinang Hongsanan
  • E. B. Gareth Jones
  • Rampai Kodsueb
  • Rungtiwa Phookamsak
  • Ekachai Chukeatirote
  • Ali H. Bahkali
  • Kevin D. Hyde
Article

Abstract

In this paper we revisit the Capnodiaceae with notes on selected genera. Type specimens of the ascomycetous genera Aithaloderma, Anopeltis, Callebaea, Capnodaria, Echinothecium, Phragmocapnias and Scorias were re-examined, described and illustrated. Leptoxyphium is anamorphic Capnodiaceae and Polychaeton is a legitimate and earlier name for Capnodium, but in order to maintain nomenclatural stability we propose that the teleomorphic name should be considered for the approved lists of names currently in preparation for fungi. Notes are provided on the ascomycetous genus Scoriadopsis. However, we were unable to locate the type of this genus during the time frame of this study. The ascomycetous genera Aithaloderma, Ceramoclasteropsis, Hyaloscolecostroma and Trichomerium are excluded from Capnodiaceae on the basis of having ascostromata and trans-septate hyaline ascospores and should be accommodated in Chaetothyriaceae. Callebaea is excluded as the ascomata are thyriothecia and the genus is placed in Micropeltidaceae. Echinothecium is excluded as synonym of Sphaerellothecium and is transferred to Mycosphaerellaceae. The type specimen of Capnophaeum is lost and this should be considered as a doubtful genus. The coelomycetous Microxiphium is polyphyletic, while the status of Fumiglobus, Polychaetella and Tripospermum is unclear. Fourteen new collections of sooty moulds made in Thailand were isolated and sequenced. The nuclear large and small rDNA was partially sequenced and compared in a phylogeny used to build a more complete understanding of the relationships of genera in Capnodiaceae. Four new species are described and illustrated, while Phragmocapnias and Scorias are epitypified with fresh collections.

Keywords

Chaetothyriaceae Micropeltidaceae Molecular phylogeny Sooty moulds 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Thailand Research Fund BRG528002. The Global Research Network for Fungal Biology and King Saud University are also thanked for support. Library staff from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew are thanked for their support locating obscure literature and providing access to their collections. The curators from herbaria G, NY, S are thanked for loaning specimens. The second author acknowledges support by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH, National Library of Medicine.

Supplementary material

13225_2011_145_MOESM1_ESM.doc (91 kb)
Supplementary Table 1 (DOC 91 kb)

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Copyright information

© Kevin D. Hyde 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Putarak Chomnunti
    • 1
    • 2
  • Conrad L. Schoch
    • 3
  • Begoña Aguirre-Hudson
    • 4
  • Thida W. Ko-Ko
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sinang Hongsanan
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. B. Gareth Jones
    • 5
  • Rampai Kodsueb
    • 6
  • Rungtiwa Phookamsak
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ekachai Chukeatirote
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ali H. Bahkali
    • 7
  • Kevin D. Hyde
    • 1
    • 2
    • 7
  1. 1.Institute of Excellence in Fungal ResearchMae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand
  2. 2.School of ScienceMae Fah Luang UniversityChiang RaiThailand
  3. 3.National Center for Biotechnology Information, National Library of MedicineNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  4. 4.Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic GardensRichmondUK
  5. 5.Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences (IOES), C308, Institute of Postgraduate Studies BuildingUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia
  6. 6.Faculty of Science and TechnologyPibulsongkram Rajabhat UniversityPhisanulokThailand
  7. 7.Botany and Microbiology DepartmentKing Saud University, College of ScienceRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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