The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India

, Volume 67, Issue 6, pp 400–404 | Cite as

Oral Health Status and Fertility Treatment Including IVF

  • Sunali Sundeep Khanna
  • Prita A. Dhaimade
  • Shalini Malhotra
Invited Mini Review

Abstract

Oral health is extremely important for the general wellbeing of the individual. From a number of research articles, it is established that there is a definitive connection between periodontal health and many systemic diseases, like type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and even preterm labor and low birth weight of babies. The significant rate of failure in the treatment of infertility and IVF (in vitro fertilization) even with multiple advancements in the last decade has made scientist take interest in newer parameters of health, an important one among them being periodontal health. From the limited number of studies available on the relationship between periodontitis and reproductive health, it can be inferred that periodontitis can act as a focus of infection leading to bacteremia which can lead to complications in conceiving naturally or through IVF in women. A limited number of studies have also reported an association between male factor infertility (MFI) and dental health status of men. Although more research is needed to understand and explore this connection, this article reviews the current literature available linking poor oral health to infertility and poor outcomes of IVF.

Keywords

Oral health Fertility In vitro fertilization Antenatal counseling 

Notes

Compliance of Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Federation of Obstetric & Gynecological Societies of India 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sunali Sundeep Khanna
    • 1
    • 2
  • Prita A. Dhaimade
    • 2
  • Shalini Malhotra
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Oral Medicine and RadiologyNational Academy of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Nair Hospital Dental CollegeMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Ministry of HealthSharjahUAE

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