Oral Health Status and Fertility Treatment Including IVF
- 109 Downloads
Oral health is extremely important for the general wellbeing of the individual. From a number of research articles, it is established that there is a definitive connection between periodontal health and many systemic diseases, like type II diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and even preterm labor and low birth weight of babies. The significant rate of failure in the treatment of infertility and IVF (in vitro fertilization) even with multiple advancements in the last decade has made scientist take interest in newer parameters of health, an important one among them being periodontal health. From the limited number of studies available on the relationship between periodontitis and reproductive health, it can be inferred that periodontitis can act as a focus of infection leading to bacteremia which can lead to complications in conceiving naturally or through IVF in women. A limited number of studies have also reported an association between male factor infertility (MFI) and dental health status of men. Although more research is needed to understand and explore this connection, this article reviews the current literature available linking poor oral health to infertility and poor outcomes of IVF.
KeywordsOral health Fertility In vitro fertilization Antenatal counseling
Compliance of Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
- 1.Diabetes and oral health. American Dental Association. http://www.ada.org/sections/scienceAndResearch/pdfs/patient_18.pdf.
- 2.Shanthi V, Vanka A, Bhambal A, et al. Association of pregnant women periodontal status to preterm and low-birth weight babies: a systematic and evidence-based review. Dent Res J. 2012;9(4);368–80.Google Scholar
- 4.Pavlatou A, Dokou P, Tsami A. Periodontal disease, infertility treatment and in vitro fertilization (IVF). J Fertil In Vitro IVF Worldw Reprod Med Genet Stem Cell. 2015;3(2):148–54.Google Scholar
- 7.Newman MG, Takei H, Klokkevold PR, et al. Carranza’s clinical periodontology. 11th ed. California: Elsevier; 2011. p. 151–2.Google Scholar
- 8.Zegers-Hochschild F, Adamson GD, de Mouzon J, et al. International Committee for Monitoring Assisted Reproductive Technology (ICMART) and the World Health Organization (WHO) revised glossary of ART terminology. Fertil Steril 2009;92:1520–4.Google Scholar
- 10.Vilvanathan S, Kandasamy B, Jayachandran AL, et al. Bacteriospermia and its impact on basic semen parameters among infertile men. Interdiscip Perspect Infect Dis. 2016;6:2016.Google Scholar
- 13.Khanna S, Dhaimade PA. Coalition of oral health care and antenatal counseling: formulation of guidelines. Int J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2015;2:155–63.Google Scholar
- 19.Nwhator SO, Umeizudike KA, Ayanbadejo PO, et al. Another reason for impeccable oral hygiene: oral hygiene-sperm count link. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2013;15(3):352–8.Google Scholar
- 23.Pavlatou A, Influence of the periodontal condition on the success of in vitro fertilization: clinical and microbiological data. Doctoral Dissertation. University of Athens; 2013.Google Scholar