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BMSAP

, Volume 29, Issue 3–4, pp 195–201 | Cite as

Le Levant méditerranéen et les nomades moustériens : un territoire de confluence

  • A. -M. TillierEmail author
  • B. Arensburg
Article / Article
  • 44 Downloads

Résumé

Au Levant méditerranéen, la documentation anthropologique datée de la fin du Pléistocène est importante et anatomiquement diverse. Le statut de cette documentation a fait l’objet de discussions par les chercheurs, et ses relations phylogénétiques sont toujours débattues, du fait de la mosaïque de caractères qu’illustrent les squelettes crâniens et infracrâniens. Quelles que soient leurs caractéristiques anatomiques, tous ces fossiles du Levant sont trouvés associés à un contexte moustérien à dominante Levallois et ont en commun des stratégies de subsistance et pratiques culturelles. De nouvelles datations et des découvertes récentes conduisent à reconsidérer le modèle traditionnellement admis du remplacement d’un groupe humain distinct par un autre.

Mots clés

Levant méditerranéen Paléolithique moyen Paléoanthropologie Diversité humaine 

The Mediterranean Levant and the Mousterian Nomads: a land of convergence

Abstract

Documented Late Pleistocene hominin remains from the Mediterranean Levant are abundant and anatomically diverse. The status of these richly documented fossils has been extensively discussed by scholars, and the debate continues as to their phylogenetic relationships because of the anatomical mosaic formed by most of the cranial and skeletal features. All these Levantine human fossils, regardless of their anatomical features, are found in association with Levallois-dominated industries and offer no clear evidence of differences in settlement or cultural patterns. New dates and recent discoveries are challenging the classic model of replacement of one distinct human group by another.

Keywords

Mediterranean Levant Middle Palaeolithic Paleoanthropology Human diversity 

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Copyright information

© Société d'anthropologie de Paris et Lavoisier 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UMR 5199 — PACEA, bâtiment B8université de BordeauxPessacFrance
  2. 2.Department of Anatomy and Anthropology, Sackler School of MedicineTel Aviv UniversityRamat AvivIsrael

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