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Les hommes du Kébarien géométrique de Neve David, Mont Carmel (Israël)

  • F. Bocquentin
  • I. Crevecoeur
  • B. Arensburg
  • D. Kaufman
  • A. Ronen
Article / Article

Résumé

Deux sépultures d’adultes ont été découvertes sur le site Kébarien géométrique de Neve David (Israël) daté de 13 400 et 12 610 ans BP (non calibrées). Elles viennent étayer un corpus de sépultures épipaléolithiques du Levant encore très limité. La sépulture de Neve David 1, un individu de sexe masculin, livre l’une des plus anciennes attestations de matériel de broyage associé à l’inhumation. Le traitement des défunts annonce très clairement les pratiques funéraires natoufiennes qui leur succèdent. L’analyse morphométrique de l’adulte le mieux conservé et sa comparaison aux autres spécimens épipaléolithiques de la région enrichissent les données sur la variabilité anatomique déjà connue pour cette période.

Mots clés

Proche-Orient Kébarien géométrique Épipaléolithique Sépultures Site d’agrégation Morphométrie Matériel de broyage 

The Geometric Kebaran human remains from Neve David, Mount Carmel, Israel

Abstract

The Geometric Kebaran site of Neve David, dated 13,400 and 12,610 BP (uncalibrated), revealed two burials of adults, adding to a still very limited corpus of Epipaleolithic inhumations in the Levant. Neve David 1, a male, is one of the oldest known burials accompanied by ground stone implements. The burials clearly reflect the funerary customs of the following Natufian culture. The morphometric analyses of the best-preserved adult in the context of other Epipalaeolithic specimens from the region add to the anatomical variability already documented for this period.

Keywords

Near East Geometric Kebaran Epipalaeolithic Graves Aggregation camps Morphometry Ground stone implements 

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Copyright information

© Société d'anthropologie de Paris et Springer-Verlag France 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UMR 7041CNRSNanterre cedexFrance
  2. 2.Centre de recherche français à JérusalemUMIFRE 7 CNRS-MAEEBaka, JérusalemIsraël
  3. 3.Laboratoire d’Anthropologie des Populations du PasséUMR 5199 - PACEA / Université Bordeaux 1Talence CedexFrance
  4. 4.Department of Anatomy and Anthropology, Sackler School of MedicineTel Aviv UniversityRamat Aviv, Tel AvivIsrael
  5. 5.Zinman Institut of Archaeologyuniversity of HaifaHaifaIsrael

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